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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares Gray, 1867 
AphiaID: 131992

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophorida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErylinae (Subfamily)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta helleri Schmidt, 1864 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErylinae Sollas, 1888
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPapyrula Schmidt, 1868 (junior synonym)
Sources  original description Gray, J.E. 1867a. Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details] [full text]

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taxa (32)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares alata (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares anisoxia Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares apicospinatus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares candidata (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares chelotropa Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares cortius de Laubenfels, 1930
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares cortius orientalis Koltun, 1966
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares dendyi (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares foliaformis Wilson, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hartmeyeri (Uliczka, 1929)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares helleri (Schmidt, 1864)
  » Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares helleri f. subtilis Sarà & Siribelli, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares helleri (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hilgendorfi (Thiele, 1898)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hongdoensis Jeon & Sim, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares incrustans Tanita, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares intermedia (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares mastoidea (Schmidt, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares micraster Lévi, 1993
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares nux (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares obtusus (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares ochracea (Carter, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares orthotriaena Burton, 1931
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares palmatoclada Lévi, 1993
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares saccharis (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares scabiosus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sclerobesa Topsent, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sollasi Thiele, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sphaera (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares tylotaster Dendy, 1924
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Penares helleri (type-species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cardenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae,is now (tentatively) reassinged to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters is assumed to have become lost. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131992
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2005-11-18 11:48:22Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2008-08-10 12:15:54Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-04-18 09:56:13Z  changed  Boury-Esnault, Nicole
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z  changed  Boury-Esnault, Nicole
  
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  Citation: Boury-Esnault, N.; van Soest, R. (2014). Penares Gray, 1867. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131992 on 2014-07-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License