WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares Gray, 1867

131992 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131992)
accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelletta helleri Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (type by original designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPapyrula Schmidt, 1868 (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares alata (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares anisoxia Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares apicospinatus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares candidata (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares chelotropa Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares cortius de Laubenfels, 1930
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares dendyi (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares foliaformis Wilson, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hartmeyeri (Uliczka, 1929)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares helleri (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hilgendorfi (Thiele, 1898)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares hongdoensis Jeon & Sim, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares incrustans Tanita, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares intermedia (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares mastoidea (Schmidt, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares micraster Lévi, 1993
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares nux (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares obtusus Lendenfeld, 1907
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares ochracea (Carter, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares orthotriaena Burton, 1931
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares palmatoclada Lévi, 1993
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares saccharis (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares scabiosus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sclerobesa Topsent, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sineastra Van Soest, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sollasi Thiele, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares sphaera (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares tylotaster Dendy, 1924
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]
Boury-Esnault, N.; van Soest, R. (2017). Penares Gray, 1867. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131992 on 2017-11-22

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-11-18 11:48:22Z
changed
2008-08-10 12:15:54Z
changed
2012-04-18 09:56:13Z
changed
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorJasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1954). The Sponges of the West-Central Pacific. Oregon State Monographs. Studies in Zoology. 7: i-x, 1-306,pls I-XII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1907a. Die Tetraxonia. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf der Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899 11(1-2): i-iv, 59-374, pls IX-XLVI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPapyrula Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. 1868. Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Rapp, H.T.; Schander, C.; Tendal, O.S. 2010. Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of the Geodiidae (Porifera, Demospongiae, Astrophorida) - combining phylogenetic and Linnaean classification. Zoologica Scripta 39: 89-106. [details]   

additional source Cárdenas P, Xavier JR, Reveillaud J, Schander C, Rapp HT (2011) Molecular Phylogeny of the Astrophorida (Porifera, Demospongiae) Reveals an Unexpected High Level of Spicule Homoplasy. PLoS ONE 6(4) , available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. 1894d. Etude monographique des spongiaires de France. I.Tetractinellida. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale (3) 2:259-400, pls XI-XVI.
page(s): 356 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Chombard, C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Tillier, S. 1998. Reassessment of Homology of Morphological Characters in Tetractinellid Sponges Based on Molecular Data. Systematic Biology 47(3): 351-366. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPapyrula Schmidt, 1868) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorJasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.; De Voogd, N.J. (2010). Skeletons in confusion: a review of astrophorid sponges with (dicho-)calthrops as structural megascleres (Porifera, Demospongiae, Astrophorida). Zookeys. 68: 1-88. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]