WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna Gray, 1867

131897 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131897)
accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria variantia Bowerbank, 1858 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (type by original designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxemma De Laubenfels, 1936 (junior synonym and misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxemna Hallmann, 1917 (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna bihamigera (Dendy, 1922)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna caribea Pulitzer-Finali, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna chilensis Thiele, 1905
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna chujaensis Sim & Shim, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna cribaria (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna dautzenbergi Topsent, 1890
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna ehrenbergi (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fistulosa (Topsent, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna flabellata Bergquist, 1970
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fortis (Topsent, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fragilis (Kieschnick, 1900)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna gellioides Lévi & Lévi, 1989
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna granulosigmata Lévi, 1993
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna hongdoensis Jeon & Sim, 2008
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna humilis Thiele, 1903
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna jeolmyongensis Sim & Shim, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna laboutei Hooper, 1996
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna liposigma Burton, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna liposphaera (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna macrorhaphis Hentschel, 1914
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna megalosigma Hentschel, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna megastyla (Burton, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna microacanthosigma Mothes, Hajdu, Lerner & van Soest, 2004
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna microstrongyla (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna microstyla de Laubenfels, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna microstyla Thomas, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna microxa Hentschel, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna mnioeis de Laubenfels, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna omanensis van Soest & Beglinger, 2002
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna partenopea Pulitzer-Finali, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna peracuta Topsent, 1927
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna plicata (Whitelegge, 1907)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhabderemioides Bergquist, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhabdotylostylota Van Soest, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhadia de Laubenfels, 1930
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rufescens Bergquist & Fromont, 1988
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna saucia Hooper, Capon & Hodder, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna seychellensis Thomas, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna spinomicroxea Mothes, Campos, Lerner, Carraro & van Soest, 2005
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna strongylota Rios & Cristobo, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna tenuisigma Pulitzer-Finali, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna tetraphis Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna thielei Burton, 1930
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna trirhaphis (Topsent, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna trisigmata Mothes & Campos, 2004
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna truncata Hentschel, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna tubulata (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna victoriana Hallmann, 1916

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna annexa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella annexa Schmidt, 1870 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrotylostylifer aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna capillifera (Levinsen, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna ehrenbergi (Keller, 1889) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna demuthi Lehnert, 1993 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhabderemia minutula (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna gemmulifera (Breitfuss, 1912) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna grimaldii Topsent, 1890 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella grimaldii (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna groenlandica (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna hamifera (Lundbeck, 1902) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna jeffreysii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna oxeata van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna cribaria (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna peachii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rhaphidiophora (Brøndsted, 1924) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites rhaphidiophorus (Brøndsted, 1924) (genus transfer)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna rosea (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella infundibuliformis (Vosmaer, 1885) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemma Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
van Soest, R. (2015). Biemna. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131897 on 2017-11-25

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-06-11 17:39:51Z
changed
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllantophora Whitelegge, 1907) Whitelegge, T. 1907. Sponges. Part I. - Addenda. Part II. Monaxonida continued. Pp. 487-515, pls XLV-XLVI. In: Scientific Results of the Trawling Expedition of H.M.C.S. ‘Thetis’ off the Coast of New South Wales in February and March, 1898. Memoirs of the Australian Museum, 4(10). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemma Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxemna Hallmann, 1917) Hallmann, E.F. 1917b [1916]. A revision of the genera with microscleres included, or provisionally included, in the family Axinellidae; with descriptions of some Australian species. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 41(164): 634-675, pls XXIX,figs 3, 5, 6; XXXIII, fig. 6; XXXVIII, figs 5-9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxemma De Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Hajdu, E.; Van Soest, R.W.M. 2002. Family Desmacellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Pp. 642-650. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemma Bowerbank, 1882) Topsent, E. (1890). Notice préliminaire sur les spongiaires recueillis durant les campagnes de l'Hirondelle. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France. 15: 26-32, 65-71. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllantophora Whitelegge, 1907) Hajdu, E.; Van Soest, R.W.M. 2002. Family Desmacellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Pp. 642-650. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemma Bowerbank, 1882) Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien