WoRMS taxon details

Halichondria Fleming, 1828

131807  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131807)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Halichondria (Eumastia) Schmidt, 1870
Subgenus Halichondria (Halichondria) Fleming, 1828
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) agglomerans Cabioch, 1968
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) aldabrensis Lévi, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) almae (Carballo, Uriz & García-Gómez, 1996)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) arenacea Dendy, 1895
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) arenosa Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) armata Lindgren, 1897
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) broendstedi Laubenfels, 1936
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) brunnea (Schmidt, 1868)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cancellosa (Carter, 1886)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) carotenoidea Alvarez & Hooper, 2011
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) coerulea Bergquist, 1967
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) colossea Lundbeck, 1902
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) convolvens Sarà, 1960
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cornuloides Burton, 1954
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cristata Sarà, 1978
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) diversispiculata Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) fallax (Marshall, 1892)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) flexuosa (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) foetida (Wilson, 1894)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) foraminosa (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) fragilis Kieschnick, 1896
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) genitrix (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) glabrata Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) granulata Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) intermedia Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) isthmica (Keller, 1883)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) japonica (Kadota, 1922)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) labiata Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lambei Brøndsted, 1933
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lendenfeldi Lévi, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) leuconoides Topsent, 1890
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) longispicula (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lutea Alcolado, 1984
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) magniconulosa Hechtel, 1965
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) marianae Santos, Nascimento & Pinheiro, 2018
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) melanadocia Laubenfels, 1936
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) membranacea (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) microbiana Alvarez & Hooper, 1911
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) migottea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) minuta Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) modesta (Pulitzer-Finali, 1986)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) moorei Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) muanensis Kang & Sim, 2008
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) nigrocutis (Carter, 1886)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) normani Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oblonga (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) okadai (Kadota, 1922)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) osculum Lundbeck, 1902
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oshoro Tanita, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oxiparva (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) papillaris (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) pelliculata Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) poa (de Laubenfels, 1947)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) pontica (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) renieroides (Fristedt, 1887)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) solidior (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) stylata Diaz, Pomponi & Van Soest, 1993
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) suberosa (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) sulfurea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) syringea Pulitzer-Finali, 1996
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenebrica Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenera (Marenzeller, 1878)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuispiculata Brøndsted, 1916
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) turritella (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) velamentosa (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) aspera Lieberkühn, 1859 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Axinyssa bergquistae (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) hentscheli Koltun, 1964 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (junior synonym)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) incrustans Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970 (preoccupied)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) incrustans Kieschnick, 1896 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) broendstedi Laubenfels, 1936 (preoccupied)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) ridleyi Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Topsentia ridleyi (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) stalagmites (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Ciocalypta stalagmites Hentschel, 1912 (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) vansoesti Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Ciocalypta vansoesti (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) variabilis Lindgren, 1897 accepted as Axinyssa variabilis (Lindgren, 1897) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fastigiata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Halichondria flava (Merejkowski, 1878)
Species Halichondria lona Laubenfels, 1936

Species Halichondria aspera Lieberkühn, 1859 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Halichondria dickiei Bowerbank, 1866 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Halichondria topsenti (Ferrer Hernandez, 1918) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Halichondria flabellifera Bowerbank, 1882 (nomen dubium)

Species Halichondria abyssi Carter, 1874 represented as Iotroata abyssi (Carter, 1874) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aceratospiculum Carter, 1880 represented as Crella (Yvesia) aceratospiculum (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aegagropila Johnston, 1842 represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria albula Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aldabrensis Lévi, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) aldabrensis Lévi, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria ambigua Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria angulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) angulata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) represented as Tedania (Tedania) anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aplysinoides Dendy, 1922 represented as Axinyssa aplysinoides (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria arenacea Dendy, 1895 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) arenacea Dendy, 1895 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria arenosa Hentschel, 1929 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) arenosa Hentschel, 1929 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria armata Lindgren, 1897 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) armata Lindgren, 1897 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aspera Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Tedania (Tedania) aspera (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria attenuata (Topsent, 1915) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) attenuata (Topsent, 1915) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aurantiaca (Schmidt, 1864) represented as Axinyssa aurantiaca (Schmidt, 1864) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria birotulata Higgin, 1877 represented as Iotrochota birotulata (Higgin, 1877) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria borealis (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria bowerbanki Burton, 1930 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria braziliensis Hechtel, 1983 represented as Topsentia ophiraphidites (Laubenfels, 1934) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria brettii (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria broendstedi Laubenfels, 1936 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) broendstedi Laubenfels, 1936 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria brunnea (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) brunnea (Schmidt, 1868) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria bubastes Row, 1911 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) bubastes (Row, 1911) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria bulbosa Carter, 1876 represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Halichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria carnosa Johnston, 1842 represented as Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
  » Forma Halichondria carnosus f. typica Johnston, 1842 accepted as Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria celata (Grant, 1826) represented as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria cervicornis Johnston, 1842 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cinerea (Grant, 1826) represented as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria clathriformis Lendenfeld, 1888 represented as Dragmacidon clathriforme (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria coalita (sensu Lamarck, 1814) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (synonym)
Species Halichondria coccinea Bowerbank, 1861 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria coerulea Bergquist, 1967 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) coerulea Bergquist, 1967 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria colossea Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) colossea Lundbeck, 1902 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886 represented as Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria condensa Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria contorta (Sarà, 1961) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria convolvens Sarà, 1960 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) convolvens Sarà, 1960 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria coralloides Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cornuloides Burton, 1954 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cornuloides Burton, 1954 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria corona Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria crassa Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) crassa (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria cristata Sarà, 1978 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cristata Sarà, 1978 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria difficilis Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Spongosorites difficilis (Lundbeck, 1902) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria digitata Baer, 1906 represented as Haliclona digitata (Baer, 1906) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria disparilis Lambe, 1893 represented as Topsentia disparilis (Lambe, 1893) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria distorta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (synonym)
Species Halichondria diversispiculata Burton, 1930 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) diversispiculata Burton, 1930 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria dura Lindgren, 1897 represented as Topsentia dura (Lindgren, 1897) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria edusa Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria elegantia Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Haliclona (Soestella) elegantia (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria falcula Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Hamacantha (Vomerula) falcula (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fasciculata sensu Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Phorbas lieberkuehni (Burton, 1930) (preoccupied)
Species Halichondria fibrosa (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Topsentia fibrosa (Fristedt, 1887) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria firmus (Bowerbank, 1874) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria forcipis Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fragilis Kieschnick, 1896 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) fragilis Kieschnick, 1896 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria frondifera Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria fucorum (Esper, 1794) represented as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria genitrix (Schmidt, 1870) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) genitrix (Schmidt, 1870) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria glabrata Keller, 1891 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) glabrata Keller, 1891 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria granulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria granulata Keller, 1891 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) granulata Keller, 1891 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria grisea (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria hentscheli Koltun, 1964 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912 (subgenus transfer)
Species Halichondria hirsuta Fleming, 1828 represented as Suberites hirsutus (Fleming, 1828) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hyndmani Bowerbank, 1858 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hystrix Johnston, 1842 represented as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incerta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incrustans Johnston, 1842 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria infrequens Carter, 1881 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) infrequens (Carter, 1881) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) represented as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ingalli Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria inops Topsent, 1891 represented as Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria inornata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Desmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria intermedia Brøndsted, 1924 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) intermedia Brøndsted, 1924 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria isodictyalis Carter, 1882 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria japonica (Kadota, 1922) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) japonica (Kadota, 1922) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria johnstonia Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842 represented as Pachymatisma johnstonia (Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria labiata Hentschel, 1929 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) labiata Hentschel, 1929 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria lactea (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria lambei Brøndsted, 1933 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) lambei Brøndsted, 1933 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria latrunculioides Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Pyloderma latrunculioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria lendenfeldi Lévi, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) lendenfeldi Lévi, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria leuconoides Topsent, 1890 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) leuconoides Topsent, 1890 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria longispicula (Czerniavsky, 1880) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) longispicula (Czerniavsky, 1880) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria lutea Alcolado, 1984 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) lutea Alcolado, 1984 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria luxurians Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Hymeniacidon luxurians (Lieberkühn, 1859) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria maculans Johnston, 1842 represented as Suberites maculans (Johnston, 1842) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria magniconulosa Hechtel, 1965 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) magniconulosa Hechtel, 1965 (alternate representation)
Species Halichondria mammillata Lendenfeld, 1888 represented as Phoriospongia mammillata (Lendenfeld, 1888) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria mcintoshii Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) rosea (Bowerbank, 1866) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria melanadocia Laubenfels, 1936 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) melanadocia Laubenfels, 1936 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria migottea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) migottea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria minuta Keller, 1891 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) minuta Keller, 1891 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria montaguii Fleming, 1828 represented as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria moorei Bergquist, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) moorei Bergquist, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria muanensis Kang & Sim, 2008 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) muanensis Kang & Sim, 2008 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria nigra Dendy, 1922 represented as Spongosorites niger (Dendy, 1922) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria nigricans Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria nodosa (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria normani Burton, 1930 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) normani Burton, 1930 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oblonga (Hansen, 1885) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) oblonga (Hansen, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria osculum Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) osculum Lundbeck, 1902 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oshoro Tanita, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) oshoro Tanita, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria pachastrelloides Topsent, 1892 represented as Topsentia pachastrelloides (Topsent, 1892) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria paciscens (Schmidt, 1875) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria palmata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) represented as Isodictya palmata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria pannosus Verrill, 1874 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria papillata Baer, 1906 represented as Amorphinopsis papillata (Baer, 1906) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria parasitica (Montagu, 1814) represented as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (alternate representation, genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Halichondria pattersoni Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria pelliculata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) pelliculata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria prostrata Thiele, 1905 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria punctata Bergquist, 1970 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria purpurea Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Iotrochota purpurea (Bowerbank, 1875) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria pustulosa Carter, 1882 represented as Phorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria renieroides (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) renieroides (Fristedt, 1887) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment and preoccupied)
Species Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria retiderma Dendy, 1922 represented as Neopetrosia retiderma (Dendy, 1922) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ridleyi Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) ridleyi Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria rigida Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Psammochela rigida (Bowerbank, 1875) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria rosacea Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria rubra Lendenfeld, 1888 represented as Hemitedania anonyma (Carter, 1886) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria ruetzleri van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 represented as Spongosorites ruetzleri (van Soest & Stentoft, 1988) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria scabida Carter, 1885 represented as Clathria (Dendrocia) scabida (Carter, 1885) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria scandens Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria seriata sensu Johnston, 1842 represented as Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria sevosa Johnston, 1842 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria simulans Johnston, 1842 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria solida Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Topsentia solida (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
  » Variety Halichondria solida var. rugosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Topsentia rugosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
Species Halichondria stelliderma Carter, 1886 represented as Strongylacidon stelliderma (Carter, 1886) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria stylata Diaz, Pomponi & Van Soest, 1993 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) stylata Diaz, Pomponi & Van Soest, 1993 (alternate representation)
Species Halichondria suberea (Montagu, 1814) represented as Suberites suberia (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer and spelling mistake)
Species Halichondria suberia (Montagu, 1814) represented as Suberites suberia (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria suberica (Montagu, 1814) represented as Suberites suberia (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer and spelling mistake)
Species Halichondria sulfurea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) sulfurea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria syringea Pulitzer-Finali, 1996 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) syringea Pulitzer-Finali, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenebrica Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenebrica Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenera (Marenzeller, 1878) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenera (Marenzeller, 1878) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenuiderma Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Haliclona tenuiderma (Lundbeck, 1902) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenuispiculata Brøndsted, 1916 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuispiculata Brøndsted, 1916 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria thompsoni Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria topsenti Laubenfels, 1936 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria tuberculatum Keller, 1891 represented as Myrmekioderma tuberculatum (Keller, 1891) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria vansoesti Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) vansoesti Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variabilis Lindgren, 1897 represented as Axinyssa variabilis (Lindgren, 1897) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variantia Bowerbank, 1858 represented as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria velamentosa (Hansen, 1885) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) velamentosa (Hansen, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria virgultosa Johnston, 1842 represented as Suberites virgultosus (Johnston, 1842) (alternate representation, genus transfer)

Species Halichondria aculeata Johnston, 1842 accepted as Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria albescens (Rafinesque, 1818) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria aspera Swartschewsky, 1906 accepted as Halichondria lona Laubenfels, 1936 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria assimilis Levinsen, 1887 accepted as Hymeniacidon assimilis (Levinsen, 1887) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria baeri Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria batei Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria bibula (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria candida Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cavernosa Topsent, 1897 accepted as Axinyssa cavernosa (Topsent, 1897) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria claviformis (Carter, 1886) accepted as Chalinula claviformis (Carter, 1886) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875 accepted as Clathria compressa (Bowerbank, 1875) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria contarenii Lieberkühn, 1859 accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria corrugata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria couchii Bowerbank, 1867 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria farinaria Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria ficus Johnston, 1842 accepted as Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria flava Lieberkühn, 1859 accepted as Suberites massa Nardo, 1847 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria foliata Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria foraminosa (Czerniavsky, 1880) accepted as Haliclona foraminosa (Czerniavsky, 1880) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria genetrix (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) genitrix (Schmidt, 1870) (unaccepted, misspelling of species name)
Species Halichondria gibbsi (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960) accepted as Ciocalypta gibbsi (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hirta (Topsent, 1889) accepted as Dictyonella hirta (Topsent, 1889) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria inconspicua Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Haliclona (Halichoclona) fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incrustans Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria incrustans Kieschnick, 1896 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) broendstedi Laubenfels, 1936 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria intricata Topsent, 1892 accepted as Spongosorites intricatus (Topsent, 1892) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria irregularis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria macularis Johnston, 1846 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria mollissima (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Strongylacidon mollissimum (Lendenfeld, 1887) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria mutula Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria phlyctenodes Carter, 1876 accepted as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) phlyctenodes (Carter, 1876) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria plumosa (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria pulchella Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria rugosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Topsentia rugosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria saburrata Johnston, 1842 accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria sanguinea (Grant, 1826) accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria simplex Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymeniacidon simplex (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria subdola Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria symbiotica Lévi, 1961 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria tyleri (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Ciocalypta tyleri Bowerbank, 1873 (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variabilis (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Xestospongia variabilis (Ridley, 1884) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, genus transfer)

Species Halichondria albescens sensu Johnston, 1842
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fleming J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional observations. xxiii + 565 pp. (+ 1 p. corrigenda). Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute / London: J. Duncan. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 522 [details]   
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Halichondria Fleming, 1828. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131807 on 2018-05-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-01-17 11:55:56Z
changed
2018-05-24 15:16:02Z
changed

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original description Fleming J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional observations. xxiii + 565 pp. (+ 1 p. corrigenda). Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute / London: J. Duncan. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 522 [details]   

basis of record Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 



Halichondria sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf