WoRMS taxon details

Polymastiidae Gray, 1867

131673  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131673)

accepted
Family
Genus Acanthopolymastia Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
Genus Astrotylus Plotkin & Janussen, 2007
Genus Atergia Stephens, 1915
Genus Koltunia Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
Genus Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862
  » Species Polymastia actinioides Koltun, 1966
  » Species Polymastia affinis Thiele, 1898
  » Species Polymastia agglutinans Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Polymastia andrica de Laubenfels, 1949
  » Species Polymastia arctica (Merejkowsky, 1878)
  » Species Polymastia atlantica Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Polymastia aurantia Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia azorica Lévi & Vacelet, 1958
  » Species Polymastia bartletti de Laubenfels, 1942
  » Species Polymastia bicolor Carter, 1886
  » Species Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Polymastia bouryesnaultae Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Polymastia clavata Burton, 1959
  » Species Polymastia conigera Bowerbank, 1874
  » Species Polymastia corticata Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Polymastia crassa Carter, 1886
  » Species Polymastia craticia Hallmann, 1912
  » Species Polymastia crocea Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia dendyi Whitelegge, 1897
  » Species Polymastia disclera Lévi, 1964
  » Species Polymastia echinus Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia ectofibrosa Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994
  » Species Polymastia fluegeli Lehnert, Stone & Heimler, 2005
  » Species Polymastia fordei Lehnert & van Soest, 1999
  » Species Polymastia fusca Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Polymastia gemmipara Dendy, 1916
  » Species Polymastia granulosa Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Polymastia grimaldii (Topsent, 1913)
  » Species Polymastia harmelini Boury-Esnault & Bézac, 2007
  » Species Polymastia hemisphaerica (Sars, 1872)
  » Species Polymastia hirsuta Bergquist, 1968
  » Species Polymastia hispidissima Koltun, 1966
  » Species Polymastia inflata Cabioch, 1968
  » Species Polymastia invaginata Kirkpatrick, 1907
  » Species Polymastia isidis Thiele, 1905
  » Species Polymastia janeirensis (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
  » Species Polymastia kurilensis Koltun, 1962
  » Species Polymastia laganoides Lambe, 1895
  » Species Polymastia littoralis Stephens, 1915
  » Species Polymastia lorum Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia maeandria Wilson, 1904
  » Species Polymastia mamillaris (Müller, 1806)
  » Species Polymastia martae Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994
  » Species Polymastia massalis Carter, 1886
  » Species Polymastia megasclera Burton, 1934
  » Species Polymastia murrayi Burton, 1959
  » Species Polymastia nigra Alcolado, 1984
  » Species Polymastia nivea (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Polymastia pachymastia de Laubenfels, 1932
  » Species Polymastia pacifica Lambe, 1893
  » Species Polymastia pacifica Koltun, 1966
  » Species Polymastia paupera Fristedt, 1887
  » Species Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814)
  » Species Polymastia pepo Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia piscesae Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014
  » Species Polymastia polytylota Vacelet, 1969
  » Species Polymastia radiosa Bowerbank, 1866
  » Species Polymastia rara Koltun, 1966
  » Species Polymastia rubens Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia simplicissima Thiele, 1898
  » Species Polymastia sola Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
  » Species Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866
  » Species Polymastia svenseni Plotkin, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2018
  » Species Polymastia tenax Pulitzer-Finali, 1986
  » Species Polymastia thielei Koltun, 1964
  » Species Polymastia tissieri (Vacelet, 1961)
  » Species Polymastia toporoki Koltun, 1966
  » Species Polymastia tropicalis Lévi, 1967
  » Species Polymastia tubulifera Dendy, 1922
  » Species Polymastia uberrima (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Polymastia umbraculum Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997
  » Species Polymastia varia Verrill, 1907
  » Species Polymastia villosa Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
  » Species Polymastia zitteli (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Polymastia manusdiaboli (Linnaeus, 1767) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Polymastia mespilus Schmidt, 1873 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Polymastia biclavata Priest, 1881 accepted as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) biclavata (Priest, 1881) (genus transfer)
  » Species Polymastia brevis (Bowerbank, 1861) accepted as Quasillina brevis (Bowerbank, 1861) (genus transfer)
  » Species Polymastia bulbosa Sarà & Siribelli, 1960 accepted as Polymastia inflata Cabioch, 1968 (preoccupied)
  » Species Polymastia bulbosa Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia bursa (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Suberites bursa Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Polymastia bursa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Weberella bursa (Linnaeus, 1758) (genus transfer)
  » Species Polymastia capitata Vosmaer, 1885 accepted as Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Polymastia euplectella Rezvoj, 1927 accepted as Polymastia nivea (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Polymastia gleneni Descatoire, 1966 accepted as Aaptos papillata (Keller, 1880) (synonym)
  » Species Polymastia hispida (Bowerbank, 1864) accepted as Trachyteleia hispida (Bowerbank, 1864) (misidentification of genus)
  » Species Polymastia infrapilosa Topsent, 1927 accepted as Polymastia uberrima (Schmidt, 1870) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia mammeata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia mammilaris accepted as Polymastia mamillaris (Müller, 1806) (misspelling of species name)
  » Species Polymastia mammillaris (not Müller) accepted as Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814) (lapsus calami for P. mamillaris)
    » Subspecies Polymastia mammillaris rara Koltun, 1966 accepted as Polymastia rara Koltun, 1966 (misspelling and status change)
  » Species Polymastia ornata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia robusta Bowerbank, 1862 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Polymastia robusta toporoki Koltun, 1966 accepted as Polymastia toporoki Koltun, 1966 (junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia sol (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870 (reverted genus transfer)
    » Variety Polymastia sol var. pacifica Koltun, 1966 accepted as Polymastia pacifica Koltun, 1966 (elevation to species rank)
  » Species Polymastia stipitata Carter, 1876 accepted as Stylocordyla borealis (Lovén, 1868) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Polymastia tapetum Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997 accepted as Proteleia tapetum (Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997)
Genus Proteleia Dendy & Ridley, 1886
Genus Pseudotrachya Hallmann, 1914
Genus Quasillina Norman, 1869
Genus Radiella Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Radiella alvea (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Radiella antarctica Plotkin & Janussen, 2008
  » Species Radiella conica (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Radiella endeavourensis Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014
  » Species Radiella irregularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  » Species Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870
    » Subspecies Radiella sol pacifica (Koltun, 1966) accepted as Polymastia pacifica Koltun, 1966 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Radiella straticulata (Wilson, 1925)
  » Species Radiella grimaldii (Topsent, 1913) accepted as Polymastia grimaldii (Topsent, 1913) (genus transfer)
  » Species Radiella hemisphaerica (Sars, 1872) accepted as Polymastia hemisphaerica (Sars, 1872) (Reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Radiella sarsii (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Spinularia sarsii (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Radiella schoenus Sollas, 1882 accepted as Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer and nomen nudum)
  » Species Radiella spinularia (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Spinularia spinularia (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Radiella tissieri Vacelet, 1961 accepted as Polymastia tissieri (Vacelet, 1961) (genus transfer)
Genus Ridleia Dendy, 1888
Genus Sphaerotylus Topsent, 1898
  » Species Sphaerotylus antarcticus Kirkpatrick, 1907
  » Species Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906)
  » Species Sphaerotylus bouryesnaultae van Soest, 2017
  » Species Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885)
  » Species Sphaerotylus exospinosus Lévi, 1993
  » Species Sphaerotylus exotylotus Koltun, 1970
  » Species Sphaerotylus raphidophora Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014
  » Species Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
  » Species Sphaerotylus sceptrum Koltun, 1970
  » Species Sphaerotylus strobilis Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
  » Species Sphaerotylus tjalfei Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
  » Species Sphaerotylus vanhoeffeni Hentschel, 1914
  » Species Sphaerotylus verenae Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014
  » Species Sphaerotylus schoenus (Sollas, 1882) accepted as Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) (nomen nudum)
Genus Spinularia Gray, 1867
Genus Tentorium Vosmaer, 1887
Genus Trachyteleia Topsent, 1928
Genus Tylexocladus Topsent, 1898
Genus Weberella Vosmaer, 1885

Genus Anomolissa Laubenfels, 1934 accepted as Pseudotrachya Hallmann, 1914 (junior synonym)
Genus Bursalina Schmidt, 1875 accepted as Quasillina Norman, 1869 (junior synonym)
  » Species Bursalina muta Schmidt, 1875 accepted as Quasillina brevis (Bowerbank, 1861) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Bursalina muta sensu Schmidt, 1880 accepted as Stylocordyla muta (sensu Schmidt, 1880)
Genus Pencillaria Gray, 1867 accepted as Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Pencillaria mammillaris accepted as Polymastia mamillaris (Müller, 1806) (genus transfer and misspelling of species name)
Genus Polymastica accepted as Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862 (misspelling)
  » Species Polymastica mammillaris accepted as Polymastia mamillaris (Müller, 1806) (misspelling of both genus and species name)
  » Species Polymastica robusta accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (misspelling of genus name and junior synonym)
Genus Rhaphidorus Topsent, 1898 accepted as Spinularia Gray, 1867
  » Species Rhaphidorus setosus Topsent, 1898 accepted as Spinularia spinularia (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Rinalda Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Rinalda arctica Merejkowsky, 1878 accepted as Polymastia arctica (Merejkowsky, 1878) (genus transfer)
  » Species Rinalda uberrima Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Polymastia uberrima (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Genus Sideroderma Lendenfeld, 1883 accepted as Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862 (junior synonym)
Genus Suberitechinus de Laubenfels, 1949 accepted as Trachyteleia Topsent, 1928 (junior synonym)
Genus Thecophora Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Tentorium Vosmaer, 1887 (preoccupied)
  » Species Thecophora elongata Marenzeller, 1877 accepted as Tentorium semisuberites (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Thecophora ibla Thomson, 1873 accepted as Tentorium semisuberites (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Thecophora semisuberites Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Tentorium semisuberites (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Genus Trichostemma Sars, 1869 accepted as Polymastia Bowerbank, 1862 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Trichostemma grimaldii Topsent, 1913 accepted as Polymastia grimaldii (Topsent, 1913) (genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma hemisphaerica Sars, 1872 accepted as Polymastia hemisphaerica (Sars, 1872) (genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma hemisphaericum Sars, 1872 accepted as Polymastia hemisphaerica (Sars, 1872) (genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma irregularis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Radiella irregularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma sarsii Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Spinularia sarsii (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma sol (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Trichostemma straticulatum Wilson, 1925 accepted as Radiella straticulata (Wilson, 1925) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Polymastiidae Gray, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131673 on 2019-11-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

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original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Boury-Esnault, N. (2002). Family Polymastiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 201-219. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Remark Dr Alexander Plotkin assisted in compiling the list of genera and species (September 2007). [details]