WoRMS taxon details

Axinellidae Carter, 1875

131629  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131629)

accepted
Family
Phakellidae Gray, 1867 (nomen oblitum)
Genus Auletta Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Auletta akaroa Cavalcanti, Recinos & Pinheiro, 2017
  » Species Auletta andamanensis Pattanayak, 2006
  » Species Auletta aurantiaca Dendy, 1889
  » Species Auletta consimilis Thiele, 1898
  » Species Auletta dendrophora Wilson, 1904
  » Species Auletta elongata Dendy, 1905
  » Species Auletta grantioides Lévi & Vacelet, 1958
  » Species Auletta halichondroides Thiele, 1898
  » Species Auletta krautteri Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2013
  » Species Auletta laboreli Cavalcanti, Recinos & Pinheiro, 2017
  » Species Auletta lyrata (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Auletta pedunculata (Topsent, 1896)
  » Species Auletta sessilis Topsent, 1904
  » Species Auletta sycinularia Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Auletta tuberosa Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
  » Species Auletta tubulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  » Species Auletta bia de Laubenfels, 1954 accepted as Liosina paradoxa Thiele, 1899 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Auletta celebensis Thiele, 1899 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Auletta constricta Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Stylissa constricta Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 (genus transfer)
  » Species Auletta elegans Vosmaer, 1882 accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Axinella Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Axinella acanthelloides Pattanayak, 2006
  » Species Axinella alba (Descatoire, 1966)
  » Species Axinella alborana Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
  » Species Axinella amorpha Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Axinella anamesa (de Laubenfels, 1957)
  » Species Axinella antarctica (Koltun, 1964)
  » Species Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885)
  » Species Axinella aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
  » Species Axinella australiensis Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Axinella babici Vacelet, 1961
  » Species Axinella badungensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
  » Species Axinella balinensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
  » Species Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959
  » Species Axinella blanca Koltun, 1959
  » Species Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Axinella bubarinoides Dendy, 1922
  » Species Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Axinella centrotylota Pansini, 1984
  » Species Axinella ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Axinella cinnamomea (Nardo, 1833)
  » Species Axinella clathrata Dendy, 1897
  » Species Axinella columna Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
  » Species Axinella convexa Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Axinella copiosa Thiele, 1898
  » Species Axinella cornua Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
  » Species Axinella corrugata (George & Wilson, 1919)
  » Species Axinella crassa (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Axinella crinita Thiele, 1905
  » Species Axinella cylindratus Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Axinella digitiformis Lehnert & van Soest, 1996
  » Species Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866)
  » Species Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873)
  » Species Axinella dragmaxioides Burton, 1959
  » Species Axinella egregia sensu Topsent, 1892
  » Species Axinella elegans (Dendy, 1924)
  » Species Axinella estacioi Carballo & Garcia-Gomez, 1995
  » Species Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959
  » Species Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892
  » Species Axinella globula Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896
  » Species Axinella halichondrioides Dendy, 1905
  » Species Axinella hispida Koltun, 1959
  » Species Axinella incrustans Thiele, 1898
  » Species Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759)
  » Species Axinella kirki Dendy, 1897
  » Species Axinella labyrinthica Dendy, 1889
  » Species Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Axinella lesueuri Topsent, 1932
  » Species Axinella lifouensis Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  » Species Axinella loribellae Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
  » Species Axinella macrostyla Babiç, 1922
  » Species Axinella mahonensis Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
  » Species Axinella manus Dendy, 1905
  » Species Axinella massalis Burton, 1959
  » Species Axinella meandroides Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
  » Species Axinella meloniformis Carter, 1885
  » Species Axinella minor Thomas, 1981
  » Species Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957
  » Species Axinella natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
  » Species Axinella nayaritensis Carballo, Bautista-Guerrero & Cruz-Barraza, 2018
  » Species Axinella parva Picton & Goodwin, 2007
  » Species Axinella perlucida Topsent, 1896
  » Species Axinella pilifera Carter, 1885
  » Species Axinella plumosa (Lévi & Lévi, 1983)
  » Species Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953
  » Species Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Axinella pomponiae Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
  » Species Axinella profunda Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884
  » Species Axinella pseudominuta Bibiloni, 1993
  » Species Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922
  » Species Axinella pyramidata Stephens, 1916
  » Species Axinella quercifolia (Keller, 1889)
  » Species Axinella richardsoni Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
  » Species Axinella salicina Schmidt, 1868
  » Species Axinella setosa Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Axinella shoemakeri (Laubenfels, 1936)
  » Species Axinella sinoxea Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
  » Species Axinella solenoeides de Laubenfels, 1957
  » Species Axinella spatula Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
  » Species Axinella symbiotica Whitelegge, 1907
  » Species Axinella tenuidigitata Dendy, 1905
  » Species Axinella tenuis Thiele, 1898
  » Species Axinella torquata Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Axinella trichophora Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Axinella vaceleti Pansini, 1984
  » Species Axinella vasonuda Topsent, 1904
  » Species Axinella vellerea Topsent, 1904
  » Species Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959
  » Species Axinella vermiculata Whitelegge, 1907
  » Species Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Axinella villosa Carter, 1885
  » Species Axinella waltonsmithi (de Laubenfels, 1953)
  » Species Axinella weltnerii (Lendenfeld, 1897)
  » Species Axinella inflata Lendenfeld, 1888 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Axinella obtusa Lendenfeld, 1888 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Subgenus Axinella (Homaxinella) Topsent, 1916 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
  » Subgenus Axinella (Stylissa) Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
  » Species Axinella acanthifera George & Wilson, 1919 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella acerata Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella agariciformis (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) agnata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella appressa Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella atropurpurea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) atropurpurea (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella aurantiaca Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ceratopsion aurantiacum (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella axifera Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ceratopsion axiferum (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella balfourensis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella bookhouti Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960 accepted as Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella calyciformis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (synonym)
  » Species Axinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella chalinoides Carter, 1885 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella cladoflagellata Carter, 1886 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella clava Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Rhizaxinella clava (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella coccinea Carter, 1886 accepted as Iotrochota coccinea (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella colvillii Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Ciocalypta tyleri Bowerbank, 1873 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella conulosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Stylissa conulosa (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer & Synonym)
  » Species Axinella crassistylifera (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Phakellia crassistylifera Dendy, 1905
  » Species Axinella cristagalli Maas, 1894 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella distorta (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella egregia (Ridley, 1881) accepted as Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella erecta (Carter, 1876) accepted as Acanthella erecta (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Phakettia euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella fibrosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon fibrosum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella flabellata Carter, 1885 accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella foveolaria (Nardo, 1833) accepted as Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794) (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella frondula Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) frondula (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella glabrata Burton, 1954 accepted as Hymeniacidon glabrata Burton, 1954 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella gracilis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella hirondellei (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Phakellia hirondellei Topsent, 1890 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella hispida (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella lamellata Bergquist, 1961 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella lunaecharta Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella mammillata Hanitsch, 1890 accepted as Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella mariana Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella massa Carter, 1887 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella mastigophora accepted as Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) (erroneous authorship and misspelling)
  » Species Axinella mastophora Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Acanthella mastophora (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella mexicana de Laubenfels, 1935 accepted as Dragmacidon mexicanum (de Laubenfels, 1935) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella microdragma (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella monticularis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Aulospongus monticularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella multiformis (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Acanthella multiformis Vosmaer, 1885 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955 accepted as Amphimedon nanaspiculata (Hartman, 1955) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (misapplied genus name)
  » Species Axinella padina Topsent, 1896 accepted as Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella paradoxa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Axinyssa paradoxa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella pedunculata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Auletta pedunculata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella phrix (Laubenfels, 1954) accepted as Phakettia phrix (Laubenfels, 1954) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella pocillum (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella pumila Keller, 1889 accepted as Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella ramosa Burton, 1954 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Echinoclathria retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella rosacea Verrill, 1907 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Axinella rudis Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella rugosa Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella sanguinea Burton, 1933 accepted as Dragmacidon sanguineum (Burton, 1933) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella setacea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella sinclairi (Gray, 1843) accepted as Pararhaphoxya sinclairi (Gray, 1843) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella solida Carter, 1885 accepted as Rhaphoxya solida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella spiculifera (Lamarck 1814) accepted as Ptilocaulis spiculifer (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Axinella stelliderma Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Axinella stelliderma var. acerata Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella supratumescens Topsent, 1907 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella symmetrica (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Phakellia symmetrica Dendy, 1905
  » Species Axinella tenella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella thielei (Topsent, 1898) accepted as Higginsia thielei Topsent, 1898 (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella tricalyciformis Bergquist, 1970 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella tuberosa (Topsent, 1928) accepted as Dragmacidon tuberosum Topsent, 1928 (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella tubulata (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Aulospongus tubulatus (Bowerbank, 1873)
  » Species Axinella tubulosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Auletta tubulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinella variabilis (Vosmaer, 1882) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axinella vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866)
  » Species Axinella verrucosa Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970 (preoccupied)
  » Species Axinella virgultosa Carter, 1887 accepted as Phakettia virgultosa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Axinella virgultosa var. massa Carter, 1887 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer and status change)
Genus Cymbastela Hooper & Bergquist, 1992
  » Species Cymbastela cantharella (Lévi, 1983)
  » Species Cymbastela concentrica (Lendenfeld, 1887)
  » Species Cymbastela coralliophila Hooper & Bergquist, 1992
  » Species Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961)
  » Species Cymbastela marshae Hooper & Bergquist, 1992
  » Species Cymbastela notiaina Hooper & Bergquist, 1992
  » Species Cymbastela sodwaniensis Samaai, Pillay & Kelly, 2009
  » Species Cymbastela stipitata (Bergquist & Tizard, 1967)
  » Species Cymbastela vespertina Hooper & Bergquist, 1992
  » Species Cymbastela hooperi van Soest, Desqueyroux-Faúndez, Wright & König, 1996 accepted as Pipestela hooperi (van Soest, Desqueyroux-Faúndez, Wright & König, 1996) (genus transfer)
  » Species Cymbastela terpenensis (Fromont, 1993) accepted as Pipestela terpenensis (Fromont, 1993) (genus transfer)
  » Species Cymbastela tricalyciformis (Bergquist, 1970) accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (junior synonym)
Genus Dragmacidon Hallmann, 1917
  » Species Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Dragmacidon alvarezae Zea & Pulido, 2016
  » Species Dragmacidon australe (Bergquist, 1970)
  » Species Dragmacidon clathriforme (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Dragmacidon coccineum (Keller, 1891)
  » Species Dragmacidon condylia (Hooper & Lévi, 1993)
  » Species Dragmacidon debitusae (Hooper & Lévi, 1993)
  » Species Dragmacidon decipiens (Wiedenmayer, 1989)
  » Species Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881)
  » Species Dragmacidon fibrosum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  » Species Dragmacidon grayi (Wells, Wells & Gray., 1960)
  » Species Dragmacidon incrustans (Whitelegge, 1897)
  » Species Dragmacidon kishinense Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2013
  » Species Dragmacidon lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  » Species Dragmacidon mexicanum (de Laubenfels, 1935)
  » Species Dragmacidon mutans (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Dragmacidon ophisclera de Laubenfels, 1935
  » Species Dragmacidon oxeon (Dickinson, 1945)
  » Species Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
  » Species Dragmacidon sanguineum (Burton, 1933)
  » Species Dragmacidon tuberosum Topsent, 1928
  » Species Dragmacidon tumidum (Dendy, 1897)
  » Species Dragmacidon explicatum (Wiedenmayer, 1977) accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (status change)
  » Species Dragmacidon halichondroides (Thiele, 1898) accepted as Hymeniacidon halichondroides (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
  » Species Dragmacidon rosaceum (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (status change)
Genus Dragmaxia Hallmann, 1916
Genus Ophiraphidites Carter, 1876
Genus Pararhaphoxya Burton, 1934
Genus Phakellia Bowerbank, 1862
  » Species Phakellia atypica Lévi, 1961
  » Species Phakellia bettinae Lehnert & van Soest, 1999
  » Species Phakellia bowerbanki Vosmaer, 1885
  » Species Phakellia carduus (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Phakellia columnata (Burton, 1928)
  » Species Phakellia connexiva Ridley & Dendy, 1887
  » Species Phakellia crassistylifera Dendy, 1905
  » Species Phakellia crateriformis (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Phakellia dalli Lambe, 1895
  » Species Phakellia elegans Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia foliacea Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia folium Schmidt, 1870
  » Species Phakellia fusca Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia hirondellei Topsent, 1890
  » Species Phakellia hooperi Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
  » Species Phakellia izuensis Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Phakellia labellum (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Phakellia lambei Topsent, 1913
  » Species Phakellia lamelligera Wilson, 1904
  » Species Phakellia multiformis Whitelegge, 1907
  » Species Phakellia palmata Row, 1911
  » Species Phakellia papyracea Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Phakellia paupera Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia perforata Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia pygmaea Thiele, 1898
  » Species Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916)
  » Species Phakellia robusta Bowerbank, 1866
  » Species Phakellia stelliderma Lévi & Lévi, 1989
  » Species Phakellia stipitata (Carter, 1881)
  » Species Phakellia sur Carvalho, Desqueyroux-Faúndez & Hajdu, 2007
  » Species Phakellia symmetrica Dendy, 1905
  » Species Phakellia tropicalis Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
  » Species Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Phakellia arctica Vosmaer, 1885 accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Axinella aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia behringensis Hentschel, 1929 accepted as Echinoclathria beringensis (Hentschel, 1929) (genus transfer and spelling variation)
  » Species Phakellia beringensis Hentschel, 1929 accepted as Echinoclathria beringensis (Hentschel, 1929) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia brassicata Carter, 1885 accepted as Cribrochalina brassicata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia cactoides Burton, 1928 accepted as Phakettia cactoides (Burton, 1928) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia cavernosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Acanthella cavernosa Dendy, 1922 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia ceylonensis Dendy, 1905 accepted as Axinella ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia conulosa Dendy, 1922 accepted as Stylissa conulosa (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Phakellia conulosa var. mauritiana Dendy, 1922 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia crassa Carter, 1885 accepted as Axinella crassa (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia dendyi Bergquist, 1970 accepted as Acanthella dendyi (Bergquist, 1970) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia donnani (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia egregia Ridley, 1881 accepted as Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia flabellata (Carter, 1885) accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia flabellata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Clathria (Isociella) macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 (genus transfer and homonym)
  » Species Phakellia flabelloreticulata (Burton, 1959) accepted as Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia incisa Schmidt, 1880 accepted as Dictyonella incisa (Schmidt, 1880) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia inflexa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Stylissa inflexa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia jacksoniana Dendy, 1897 accepted as Clathria (Isociella) macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia lobata Wilson, 1902 accepted as Suberites lobatus (Wilson, 1902) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia mauritiana Dendy, 1922 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia microxephora Kirkpatrick, 1903 accepted as Ceratopsion microxephora (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia papyracea Carter, 1886 accepted as Echinoclathria leporina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia plicata Schmidt, 1880 accepted as Dictyonella obtusa (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia plumosa Lévi & Lévi, 1983 accepted as Axinella plumosa (Lévi & Lévi, 1983) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia pulcherrima (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Acanthella pulcherrima Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Phakellia ramosa Carter, 1883 accepted as Sigmaxinella ramosa (Carter, 1883) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia ridleyi Dendy, 1887 accepted as Phakettia ridleyi (Dendy, 1887) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Phycopsis setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia sportella (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Phakellia labellum (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia tenax Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) tenax (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia tumida Dendy, 1897 accepted as Dragmacidon tumidum (Dendy, 1897) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia variabilis (Vosmaer, 1882) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia ventilabra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (Spelling variation)
  » Species Phakellia vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phakellia villosa Carter, 1886 accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Phakellia weltnerii (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Axinella weltnerii (Lendenfeld, 1897) (genus transfer)
Genus Phycopsis Carter, 1883
Genus Pipestela Alvarez, Hooper & van Soest, 2008
Genus Ptilocaulis Carter, 1883
  » Species Ptilocaulis aulopora (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Ptilocaulis bistyla (Hechtel, 1983)
  » Species Ptilocaulis braziliensis (Hechtel, 1983)
  » Species Ptilocaulis digitatus Topsent, 1928
  » Species Ptilocaulis echidnaeus (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Ptilocaulis fosteri (Hechtel, 1983)
  » Species Ptilocaulis marquezii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  » Species Ptilocaulis spiculifer (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  » Species Ptilocaulis arbora (Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990) accepted as Phakettia arbora (Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990) (genus transfer)
  » Species Ptilocaulis epakros Hooper & Lévi, 1993 accepted as Phycopsis epakros (Hooper & Levi, 1993)
  » Species Ptilocaulis flexibilis Lévi, 1961 accepted as Stylissa flexibilis (Lévi, 1961)
  » Species Ptilocaulis fusiformis Lévi, 1967 accepted as Phycopsis fusiformis (Lévi, 1967)
  » Species Ptilocaulis gracilis Carter, 1883 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
  » Species Ptilocaulis papillatus Hooper & Lévi, 1993 accepted as Phycopsis papillata (Hooper & Lévi, 1993) (genus transfer)
  » Species Ptilocaulis rigidus Carter, 1883 accepted as Reniochalina rigida (Carter, 1883) (genus transfer)
  » Species Ptilocaulis trachys (Laubenfels, 1954) accepted as Phakettia trachys (Laubenfels, 1954) (genus transfer)
Genus Reniochalina Lendenfeld, 1888

Genus Adreissa Topsent, 1932 accepted as Phakellia Bowerbank, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Adreissa labellum (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Phakellia labellum (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer)
  » Species Adreissa letra Dickinson, 1945 accepted as Stylissa letra (Dickinson, 1945) (genus transfer)
Genus Axiamon Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Reniochalina Lendenfeld, 1888 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axiamon erecta (Brøndsted, 1924) accepted as Stylissa haurakii (Brøndsted, 1924) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Axiamon folium Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (junior objective synonym)
  » Species Axiamon novaezealandiae sensu Bergquist, 1961 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) topsenti Dendy, 1924 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Axidragma Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axidragma padina (Topsent, 1896) accepted as Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Axingella Topsent, 1928 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) Topsent, 1928 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axingella humilis (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) humilis Topsent, 1892 (genus transfer)
  » Species Axingella perlucida accepted as Axinella perlucida Topsent, 1896 (misspelling of genus name)
Genus Axinosia Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Axinosia incrustans Burton, 1930 accepted as Ulosa incrustans (Burton, 1930) (genus transfer)
  » Species Axinosia symbiotica (Whitelegge, 1907) accepted as Axinella symbiotica Whitelegge, 1907 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Axinosia xutha de Laubenfels, 1954 accepted as Acanthella xutha (de Laubenfels, 1954) (genus transfer)
Genus Chalinissa Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa communis Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Chalinissa communis var. digitata Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Chalinissa communis var. flabellum Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Chalinissa communis var. tenuis Thum, 1903 accepted as Callyspongia tenuis Thum, 1903 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Chalinissa dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Chalinissa elegans Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa elongata Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa macropora Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa ramosa Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa rigida Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa serpens Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Chalinissa tenuifibris Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Ketosus Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Phycopsis Carter, 1883 (junior synonym)
  » Species Ketosus setosus (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Phycopsis setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
Genus Phacellia Lendenfeld, 1897 accepted as Phakellia Bowerbank, 1862 (misspelling)
Genus Pseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Pseudaxinella alleni Borley, 1931 accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
  » Species Pseudaxinella australis Bergquist, 1970 accepted as Dragmacidon australe (Bergquist, 1970) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella coccinea (Keller, 1891) accepted as Dragmacidon coccineum (Keller, 1891) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella debitusae Hooper & Lévi, 1993 accepted as Dragmacidon debitusae (Hooper & Lévi, 1993) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella decipiens Wiedenmayer, 1989 accepted as Dragmacidon decipiens (Wiedenmayer, 1989) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella egregia (Ridley, 1881) accepted as Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella explicata (Wiedenmayer, 1977) accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella flava Lehnert & van Soest, 1999 accepted as Svenzea flava (Lehnert & van Soest, 1999) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella grayi (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960) accepted as Dragmacidon grayi (Wells, Wells & Gray., 1960) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Dragmacidon lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella reticulata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella rosacea (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Pseudaxinella sulcata Schmidt, 1875 accepted as Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Pseudaxinella tumida (Dendy, 1897) accepted as Dragmacidon tumidum (Dendy, 1897) (genus transfer)
  » Species Pseudaxinella wilsoni Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960 accepted as Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Pseudaxinella zeai Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998 accepted as Svenzea zeai (Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998) (genus transfer)
Genus Querciclona Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
Genus Teichaxinella Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
Genus Tragosia Gray, 1867 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  » Species Tragosia alba Descatoire, 1966 accepted as Axinella alba (Descatoire, 1966) (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia calyciformis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Tragosia fibrosa Topsent, 1890 accepted as Cladocroce fibrosa (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia flustra (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892 (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia hirondellei (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Phakellia hirondellei Topsent, 1890 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Tragosia infundibuliformis var. natalensis Kirkpatrick, 1903 accepted as Axinella natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Tragosia polypoides sensu Stephens, 1917 accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Tragosia sluiteri (Vosmaer, 1882) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Carter, H.J. (1875). Notes introductory to the study and classification of the Spongida. Part II. Proposed classification of the Spongida. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 4 (16): 126-145. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131629 on 2018-12-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-07-26 14:15:49Z
changed
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Carter, H.J. (1875). Notes introductory to the study and classification of the Spongida. Part II. Proposed classification of the Spongida. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 4 (16): 126-145. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPhakellidae Gray, 1867) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. <i>In</i> Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



LanguageName 
Japanese チュウジクカイメン  [details]
Axinellidae, 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf