WoRMS taxon details

Protula tubularia (Montagu, 1803)

131035  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131035)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694 [details]   

(ofSerpula tubularia Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 513, 514 [details]   
Holotype  , locality England  
Holotype , locality England [details]
Type locality contained in Devon  
type locality contained in Devon [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution Nova Scotia to Carolinas  
Distribution Nova Scotia to Carolinas [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Protula tubularia (Montagu, 1803). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131035 on 2018-06-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-03-13 07:45:24Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-11-04 07:12:01Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694 [details]   

original description  (ofSerpula tubularia Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 513, 514 [details]   

original description  (ofPsygmobranchus protensus not Gmelin, sensu Philippi, 1844) Philippi, A. (1844). Einige Bemerkungen über die Gattung Serpula, nebst Aufzählung der von mir im Mittelmeer mit dem Thier beobachteten Arten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 10(1): 186-198, plate 6., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13704089 [details]   

original description  (ofProtula borealis M. Sars, 1866) Sars, M. (1866). Om arktiske Dyreformer i Christianiafjorden. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania. 1865 : 196-200 (198)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150744#page/554/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofProtula capensis McIntosh, 1885) McIntosh, William C. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Ser. Zoology. vol. 12 [part 34 of reports]: 1-554, plates 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426 [details]   

original description  (ofProtula meilhaci Soulier, 1908) Soulier, Albert 1908. La polyspermie chez Protula meilhaci. Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale, Ser. 4, 9: 53-55. [details]   

original description  (ofProtula rudolphi Risso, 1826) Risso, A. (1826-1827). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Paris, Levrault: Vol. 1: xii+448 pp., 1 map [1826]; Vol. 2: vii+482 pp., 8 pls [November 1827]; Vol. 3: xvi+480 pp.,14 pls [September 1827]; Vol. 4: iv+439 pp., 12 pls [November 1826]; Vol. 5: viii+400 pp., 10 pls [November 1827]. . 3(XVI): 1-480, 14 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/58984
page(s): 406, 407 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPsygmobranchus elegans (Milne Edwards, 1845)) Milne Edwards, Henri. (1845). Observations sur le développement des annélides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris. Série 3, Zoologie, 3: 145-182, plates 5-11., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47987#page/149/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofProtula elegans Milne Edwards, 1845) Milne Edwards, Henri. (1845). Observations sur le développement des annélides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris. Série 3, Zoologie, 3: 145-182, plates 5-11., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47987#page/149/mode/1up
page(s): 161, 179 [details]   

original description  (ofPsygmobranchus intermedius Marion, 1875) Marion, A.F. 1875. Draguages profonds au large de Marseille. (Juillet-Octobre 1875). (Note préliminaire). Revue Sci. Nat. 4: 469-477
page(s): 470 [details]   

original description  (ofSerpula arundo W. Turton, 1819) Turton, William. 1819. A conchological dictionary of the British Islands. 1-272. J. Booth. London. [details]   

original description  (ofPsygmobranchus simplex Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 472 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Appy, T.D., L.E. Linkletter and M.J. Dadswell. 1980. A guide to the marine flora and fauna of the Bay of Fundy: Annelida: Polychaeta. Fisheries & Marine Service Technical Report No. 920. 124 p. [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSerpula tubularia Montagu, 1803) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSerpula tubularia Montagu, 1803) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofProtula tubularia tubularia (Montagu, 1803)) Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596
page(s): 820 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPsygmobranchus protensus not Gmelin, sensu Philippi, 1844) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofPsygmobranchus protensus not Gmelin, sensu Philippi, 1844) Seguenza, G. (1880). Le formazioni terziarie nella provincia di Reggio (Calabria). Memorie della Classe di Scienze Fisiche Matematiche e Naturali della Regia Accademia del Lincei. 3(6):1–445., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/89318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofProtula borealis M. Sars, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofProtula borealis M. Sars, 1866) Sars, G. O. (1872). Diagnoser af nye Annelider fra Christianiaforden, efter Professor M. Sar's efterladte Manuskripter. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. 1871: 406-417., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150966#page/410/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofPsygmobranchus simplex Quatrefages, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofProtula elegans Milne Edwards, 1845) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 356 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofProtula meilhaci Soulier, 1908) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (ofPsygmobranchus elegans (Milne Edwards, 1845)) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofPsygmobranchus intermedius Marion, 1875) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription  (ofPsygmobranchus intermedius Marion, 1875) Marion, A. F. 1879. Draguages au large de Marseille. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, Ser. 6, 8: 1-48.
page(s): 28, 29 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofProtula rudolphi Risso, 1826) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofProtula rudolphi Risso, 1826) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 355 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPsygmobranchus elegans (Milne Edwards, 1845)) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofProtula elegans Milne Edwards, 1845) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofProtula capensis McIntosh, 1885) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofSerpula arundo W. Turton, 1819) Berkeley, M.J. 1828. A short account of a new species of Modiola and of the animal inhabitants of two British Serpulae. Zoological Journal, London, 3: 229-231.
page(s): 229 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSerpula arundo W. Turton, 1819) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofSerpula arundo W. Turton, 1819) Johnston, George 1834. Illustrations in British Zoology. Serpula tubularia Mont. Magazine of Natural History, London 7: 126-128.
page(s): 126, 128 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofProtula protensa (not Gmelin, 1791) sensu Philippi, 1844) Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 338 [details]   

status source  (ofProtula protensa (not Gmelin, 1791) sensu Philippi, 1844) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 359 [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtula (Protula) tubularia (Montagu, 1803)) Uchida, Hiro'omi 1978. Serpulid tube worms (Polychaeta, Sedentaria) from Japan with the systematic review of the group. Bulletin of the Marine Park Research Stations, 2(1/2): 1-98. [details]   

additional source  (ofProtula (Protula) tubularia (Montagu, 1803)) Wehe, T.; Fiege, D. (2002). Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf. Fauna of Arabia. 19(7): 7-238., available online at http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_%26_fiege.pdf
page(s): 130 [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtula (Protula) tuburalia (Montagu, 1803)) Uchida, Hiro'omi 1978. Serpulid tube worms (Polychaeta, Sedentaria) from Japan with the systematic review of the group. Bulletin of the Marine Park Research Stations, 2(1/2): 1-98. [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtula (Psygmobranchus) protensa not Gmelin, Philippi, 1844) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 359 [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtula (Psygmobranchus) tubularia (Montagu, 1803)) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 359 [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtula tabularia (Montagu, 1803)) Clarke, F.W. & W.C. Wheeler, 1922. The inorganic constituents of marine invertebrates. Prof. Paper U.S. Geol. Survey 124, (2nd ed.): 1-62. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofProtula tubularia capensis McIntosh, 1885) Day, J.H. (1934). On a collection of South African Polychaeta, with a catalogue of the species recorded from South Africa, Angola, Mosambique, and Madagascar. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology. 39(263): 15-82., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1934.tb00259.x [details]   

basis of record  (ofPsygmobranchus pratensis (Gmelin, 1791)) Dawydoff, Constantin 1959. Ontogenèse des Annélides, in P.P. Grassé ed., Traité de Zoologie. Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie: Paris, Masson et Cie, p. 594-686.
page(s): 627 [details]   

basis of record  (ofPsygmobranchus tubularis (Montagu, 1803)) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype , locality England [details]
From editor or global species database
Editor's comment Originally described from Torcross, Devonshire, it is unlikely that the circummundane distribution as reported in the literature will hold against an analysis with DNA. The taxon is a complex of species, difficult to discern in absence of morphological characters.
see notes under Serpula cinerea Forskål, 1775, Serpula intricata Linnaeus, 1758 and Psygmobranchus intricata as well. [details]

Original Combination Serpula tubularia [details]

From other sources
Distribution Nova Scotia to Carolinas [details]

Habitat benthic species found over muddy and gravelly bottoms, usually attached to Placopecten. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian krimbi qimefortë  [details]
Dutch witte waaierkokerworm  [details]
English red-spotted horseshoe  [details]
French protule lisse  [details]
German weisser Kalkroehrenwurm  [details]
Italian verme ciuffo bianco  [details]
Spanish prótula tubularia  [details]