WoRMS name details

Phyllodoce (Anaitides) groenlandica Örsted, 1842

130668  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130668)

alternate representation (disused subgenus)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Distribution 
Highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands. lt is found in lower numbers on the Brown Bank, at the Broad...  
Distribution 
Highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands. lt is found in lower numbers on the Brown Bank, at the Broad Fourteens, along the coast and at a few stations on the Cleaver Bank and Dogger Bank. A. groenlandica has not been observed in the Oyster Ground, the Wadden Sea and the Delta area. Earlier studies, however, mention this species from the Delta area. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Phyllodoce (Anaitides) groenlandica Örsted, 1842. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130668 on 2018-05-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-04 07:23:20Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-04-29 23:46:22Z
changed

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basis of record Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight): a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters. 47: 1-34. [p. 25, tab. 3: Gastrosaccus spinifer, Mysis relicta, Praunus inermis, Schistomysis kervillei, Schistomysis spiritus. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dewarumez, Jean-Marie (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Biology Reproduction and larval development take place in spring and early summer. The species has a long pelagic stage. Most phyllodocids are considered predators, catching their prey with their muscular pharynx. They feed on a variety of small invertebrates, e.g. polychaetes, and fish. Cannibalism is widespread (Hartmann-schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Distribution 
Highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands. lt is found in lower numbers on the Brown Bank, at the Broad Fourteens, along the coast and at a few stations on the Cleaver Bank and Dogger Bank. A. groenlandica has not been observed in the Oyster Ground, the Wadden Sea and the Delta area. Earlier studies, however, mention this species from the Delta area. [details]

Habitat A. groenlandica lives in fine to coarse sediment with a low content of mud. lt is sometimes found in empty tubes of other polychaetes (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Morphology A relatively large worm with an elongated, flattened body, slightly tapering towards both ends. The head is well developed and bears four frontal antennae and two small eyes. The body segments are uniform with prominent parapodia bearing distinct rectangular lamellae on top. The body measures 50-100 mm with 700 segments. lt is greenish yellow in colour with three transverse bands of brown and blue (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]