WoRMS taxon details

Ophryotrocha puerilis Claparède & Mecznikow, 1869

130031  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130031)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, Édouard; Mecznikow, Elias. (1869). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Entwicklungsgeschichte der Chaetopoden. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 163-205, Plates 12-17 (6 plates)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45006728 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  Types not retained, geounit Naples Bay  
Holotype Types not retained, geounit Naples Bay [details]
Note In aquaria, at or near location of Stazione...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality In aquaria, at or near location of Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, 40.8327,14.2358, coastal in Naples, Italy. The neotype was from a strain collected originally in Genoa, but no formal type locality information is given [details]
Etymology Paxton & Åkesson (2007) deduced that Ophryotrocha derived from "ciliated eyebrow", "for the eyebrow-like ciliated patches...  
Etymology Paxton & Åkesson (2007) deduced that Ophryotrocha derived from "ciliated eyebrow", "for the eyebrow-like ciliated patches on the prostomium, as the name of the genus, and puerilis (youthful), as the specific name". Ophryos is Greek for eyebrow and Trochos is Greek for wheel, but is commonly used for encircling ciliated bands in larvae. Perhaps eyebrow-position ciliated band would be closer to the intended meaning. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Ophryotrocha puerilis Claparède & Mecznikow, 1869. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130031 on 2019-01-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-04-21 22:32:37Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Claparède, Édouard; Mecznikow, Elias. (1869). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Entwicklungsgeschichte der Chaetopoden. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 163-205, Plates 12-17 (6 plates)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45006728 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofParactius mutabilis Saint-Joseph, 1888) Saint-Joseph, Arthur d'Anthoine de. (1888). Les annélides polychètes des côtes de Dinard. Seconde partie. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie et Paléontologie, Paris.</em> Série 7, 5(2): 141-338, plates VI-XIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103291#page/151/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofStaurocephalus minimus Langerhans, 1884) Langerhans, Paul 1884. Die Wurmfauna von Madeira. IV. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 40(2): 247-285., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/162270#page/255/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. <em>Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris.</em> 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Prevedelli, D.; Massamba N'Siala, G.; Simonini, R. (2005). The seasonal dynamics of six species of Dorvilleidae (Polychaeta) in the harbour of La Spezia (Italy). <em>Marine Ecology.</em> 26(3-4): 286-293. [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. 1961. New species of polychaete worms from the Atlantic Ocean, with a revision of the Dorvilleidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 74: 167-186., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34571297 [details]   

redescription Paxton, Hannelore ; Åkesson, Bertil. 2007. Redescription of Ophryotrocha puerilis and O. labronica (Annelida, Dorvilleidae). Marine Biology Research 3(1): 3-19.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype Types not retained, geounit Naples Bay [details]
Neotype SMNH 6421, geounit Genoa Gulf [details]
From editor or global species database
Authority Claparède & Mecznikow, 1869. The 2nd author spelling here is Mecznikow. "Metschnikow" also may be seen used.
 [details]

Etymology Paxton & Åkesson (2007) deduced that Ophryotrocha derived from "ciliated eyebrow", "for the eyebrow-like ciliated patches on the prostomium, as the name of the genus, and puerilis (youthful), as the specific name". Ophryos is Greek for eyebrow and Trochos is Greek for wheel, but is commonly used for encircling ciliated bands in larvae. Perhaps eyebrow-position ciliated band would be closer to the intended meaning. [details]

Identification Paxton & Åkesson (2007:4) state "It could be argued that the species we call today O. labronica should be called O. puerilis [thus labronica would be a synonym] and the species we call today O. puerilis is not formally described or [was] described as Staurocephalus siberti McIntosh, 1885." However, these authors elected to maintain the current concepts. [details]

Original description Ophryotrocha puerilis has no formal taxonomy as a new species in the original description, rather the new name (and thus genus Ophryotrocha) is introduced in a heading and in a further sentence (below) & in captions for pl.13, Fig.2 [10 items]:
The heading is: b. Die Entwickelungsgeschichte von Ophryotrocha puerilis Clprd. Mecz. Hierzu Taf. XIII. Fig. 2. [ The development history of Ophryotrocha puerilis Clprd. Mecz ].
p. 184 "Im Bodensatze unserer Aquarien fanden wir nicht selten kleine Euniciden larven, deren Entwickelung wir bis zur Geschlechtsreife zu verfolgen vermochten. Dadurch erlangten wir die Ueberzeugung, dass es sich um eine bisher gänzlich unbekannte Form handelte, die, selbst im reifen Zustande, sehr winzig bleibt und das ganze Leben hindurch gewisse Merkmale beibehält, die sonst nur den Larven zukommen , so die Wimperreifen. Wir nennen diese neue Thierform 0phryotrocha puerilis."
Approximated translation: "In the bottom of our aquarium we found often small Eunicid larvae, the development of which we were able to track to sexual maturity. Thus we acquired the conviction that they were a hitherto completely unknown form that even in the mature state, remains very tiny and throughout life retains certain features, otherwise only larval, such as ciliation. We call this new animal form 0phryotrocha puerilis." A further description follows.
 [details]

Type locality In aquaria, at or near location of Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, 40.8327,14.2358, coastal in Naples, Italy. The neotype was from a strain collected originally in Genoa, but no formal type locality information is given [details]