WoRMS taxon details

Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864

129681  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129681)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Trypanosyllis (Trypanoseta) Imajima & Hartman, 1964
Subgenus Trypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis)
Species Trypanosyllis aeolis Langerhans, 1879
Species Trypanosyllis agilis (Verrill, 1882)
Species Trypanosyllis ankyloseta Day, 1960
Species Trypanosyllis attenuata Verrill, 1900
Species Trypanosyllis aurantiacus Nogueira & Fukuda, 2008
Species Trypanosyllis bidentata Hartman, 1967
Species Trypanosyllis brevicirrata Uschakov, 1950
Species Trypanosyllis californiensis Álvarez-Campos & Rouse in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Trypanosyllis complanata (Treadwell, 1901)
Species Trypanosyllis cristoboi Álvarez-Campos, Taboada, San Martín, Leiva & Riesgo, 2018
Species Trypanosyllis crosslandi Potts, 1911
Species Trypanosyllis devae Álvarez-Campos, Taboada, San Martín, Leiva & Riesgo, 2018
Species Trypanosyllis didenkai Averincev, 1972
Species Trypanosyllis dollfusi (Fauvel, 1933)
Species Trypanosyllis estebani Álvarez-Campos, Taboada, San Martín, Leiva & Riesgo, 2018
Species Trypanosyllis foliosa Imajima, 2003
Species Trypanosyllis gemmulifera Augener, 1918
Species Trypanosyllis gigantea (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Trypanosyllis ingens Johnson, 1902
Species Trypanosyllis inglei Perkins, 1981
Species Trypanosyllis intermedia Moore, 1909
Species Trypanosyllis kalkin Álvarez-Campos & Verdes in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864
Species Trypanosyllis leivai Álvarez-Campos, Riesgo & San Martín in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Trypanosyllis luquei Álvarez-Campos & Verdes in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Trypanosyllis luzonensis (Pillai, 1965)
Species Trypanosyllis microdenticulata Salcedo Oropeza, San Martín & Solís-Weiss, 2011
Species Trypanosyllis migueli Álvarez-Campos, Taboada, San Martín, Leiva & Riesgo, 2018
Species Trypanosyllis parazebra Hartmann-Schröder, 1965
Species Trypanosyllis parvidentata Perkins, 1981
Species Trypanosyllis prampramensis Augener, 1918
Species Trypanosyllis sanchezi Álvarez-Campos, Taboada, San Martín, Leiva & Riesgo, 2018
Species Trypanosyllis sanmartini Çinar, 2007
Species Trypanosyllis savagei Perkins, 1981
Species Trypanosyllis taboadai Álvarez-Campos, Riesgo & San Martín in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Trypanosyllis taeniaeformis (Haswell, 1886)
Species Trypanosyllis tenella Verrill, 1900
Species Trypanosyllis troll Ramos, San Martín & Sikorski, 2010
Species Trypanosyllis vittigera Ehlers, 1887
Species Trypanosyllis zebra (Grube, 1860)

Species Trypanosyllis asterobia Okada, 1933 represented as Trypanosyllis (Trypanobia) asterobia (Okada, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Trypanosyllis coeliaca Claparède, 1868 represented as Trypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis) coeliaca Claparède, 1868

Subgenus Trypanosyllis (Trypanedenta) Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Trypanedenta Imajima & Hartman, 1964 (rank upgrade to genus)
Subgenus Trypanosyllis (Trypanobia) Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Trypanobia Imajima & Hartman, 1964 (rank upgrade to genus)
Species Trypanosyllis adamanteus Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Syllis adamantea (Treadwell, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Trypanosyllis fertilis Verill, 1900 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (subjective synonym)
Species Trypanosyllis gemmipara Johnson, 1901 accepted as Trypanedenta gemmipara (Johnson, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Trypanosyllis misakiensis Izuka, 1906 accepted as Trypanosyllis aeolis Langerhans, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Trypanosyllis occipitalis Hutton, 1904 in Augener, 1913 accepted as Odontosyllis polycera (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Trypanosyllis picta (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Syllis picta (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded recombination)
Species Trypanosyllis richardi Gravier, 1900 accepted as Trypanosyllis taeniaeformis (Haswell, 1886) (subjective synonym)
Species Trypanosyllis rosea (Grube, 1863) accepted as Trypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis) coeliaca Claparède, 1868
Species Trypanosyllis uncinigera Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, É. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   
Note Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
Etymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning...  
Etymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and refers to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129681 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-25 15:50:31Z
changed
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2007-03-29 10:21:37Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-12-04 17:09:27Z
changed
2016-05-30 10:07:57Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Claparède, É. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   

original description  (ofTetraglene Grube, 1863) Grube, Adolph-Eduard. (1863). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Sechster Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 29: 37-69, and plates 4-6., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31367#page/45/mode/1up
page(s): 42 [details]   

taxonomy source Álvarez-Campos, Patricia; Giribet, Gonzalo; San Martín, Guillermo; Rouse, Greg W.; Riesgo, Ana. (2017). Straightening the striped chaos: systematics and evolution of Trypanosyllis and the case of its pseudocryptic type species Trypanosyllis krohnii (Annelida, Syllidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 179(3): 492–540., available online at https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/doi/10.1111/zoj.12443/3058147/Straightening-the-striped-chaos-systematics-and [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240780#page/581/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTetraglene Grube, 1863) San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTetraglena Quatrefages, 1866) San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Claparède (1864: 558): ''Syllidés à lobes frontaux très-saillants, séparés sur toute leur longueur. Pharynx rectiligne, armé à son bord antérieur d'un cercle de dentelures comme un trépan. Antennes, au nombre de trois, cirres tentaculaires et cirres dorsaux moniliformes. Cirres ventraux pinniformes. Reproduction par génération alternante. Individus sexués semblables à ceux des Syllis.'' [details]

Editor's comment The type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii. This has always been true as it is a type by monotypy, and thus no other possible candidate for type exists, and a subsequent designation from all originally included species (one) is clearly not needed. It is not possible for T. zebra for example to be considered as the type species, but nevertheless its name may appear as type in loose usages in past literature simply because it was then the senior synonym of T. krohnii, and the two entities were thus not considered different. Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo (2017: 492, 522) stated that they were newly clarifying the situation regarding T. zebra versus T. krohnii as type, because "Many years later Hartman (1959) designed [sic] Trypanosyllis zebra as the type species of the genus by subsequent designation (ICZN, article 69.1), and since then all the authors except Day (1967) considered this designation as valid [...] Our study found that Hartman’s designation is in fact not valid ...". However, Article 69 does not apply here. It is true that Hartman wrongly stated the type species, but the Hartman Catalogue cannot be considered as subsequently designating T. zebra as Trypanosyllis type species, because T. zebra was not an originally included species in the genus (Art. 68) and the type is already fixed by monotypy (Art. 68.3) to be T. krohnii. Day (1967) more exactly presented the type species as "Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparede, 1864 (= Syllis zebra Grube, 1860)". Other authors may have understood this also but were less rigorous in their presentation or they may have simply copied the type from Hartman's listing [G. Read, March, 2017] [details]

Etymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and refers to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]

Type species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]