WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis Claparède, 1864

129681

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129681

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanoseta) Imajima & Hartman, 1964
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis aeolis Langerhans, 1879
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis agilis (Verrill, 1882)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis ankyloseta Day, 1960
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis attenuata Verrill, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis aurantiacus Nogueira & Fukuda, 2008
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis bidentata Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis brevicirrata Uschakov, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis californiensis Álvarez-Campos & Rouse in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis complanata (Treadwell, 1901)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis crosslandi Potts, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis didenkai Averincev, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis dollfusi (Fauvel, 1933)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis foliosa Imajima, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis gemmulifera Augener, 1918
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis gigantea (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis ingens Johnson, 1902
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis inglei Perkins, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis intermedia Moore, 1909
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis kalkin Álvarez-Campos & Verdes in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis leivai Álvarez-Campos, Riesgo & San Martín in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis luquei Álvarez-Campos & Verdes in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis luzonensis (Pillai, 1965)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis microdenticulata Salcedo Oropeza, San Martín & Solís-Weiss, 2011
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis parazebra Hartmann-Schröder, 1965
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis parvidentata Perkins, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis prampramensis Augener, 1918
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis sanmartini Çinar, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis savagei Perkins, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis taboadai Álvarez-Campos, Riesgo & San Martín in Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis taeniaeformis (Haswell, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis tenella Verrill, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis troll Ramos, San Martín & Sikorski, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis vittigera Ehlers, 1887
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis zebra (Grube, 1860)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis asterobia Okada, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanobia) asterobia (Okada, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis coeliaca Claparède, 1868 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis) coeliaca Claparède, 1868

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanedenta) Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanedenta Imajima & Hartman, 1964 (rank upgrade to genus)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanobia) Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanobia Imajima & Hartman, 1964 (rank upgrade to genus)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis adamanteus Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis adamantea (Treadwell, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis fertilis Verill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis gemmipara Johnson, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanedenta gemmipara (Johnson, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis misakiensis Izuka, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis aeolis Langerhans, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis occipitalis Hutton, 1904 in Augener, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis polycera (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis picta (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis picta (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis richardi Gravier, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis taeniaeformis (Haswell, 1886) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis rosea (Grube, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis (Trypanosyllis) coeliaca Claparède, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrypanosyllis uncinigera Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, É. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and refers to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
Gil, J.; Musco, L.; Bellan, G. (2016). Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129681 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-25 15:50:31Z
changed
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2007-03-29 10:21:37Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-12-04 17:09:27Z
changed
2016-05-30 10:07:57Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Claparède, É. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetraglene Grube, 1863) Grube, Adolph-Eduard. (1863). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Sechster Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 29: 37-69, and plates 4-6., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31367#page/45/mode/1up
page(s): 42 [details]   

taxonomy source Álvarez-Campos, Patricia; Giribet, Gonzalo; San Martín, Guillermo; Rouse, Greg W.; Riesgo, Ana. (2017). Straightening the striped chaos: systematics and evolution of Trypanosyllis and the case of its pseudocryptic type species Trypanosyllis krohnii (Annelida, Syllidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 179(3): 492–540., available online at https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/doi/10.1111/zoj.12443/3058147/Straightening-the-striped-chaos-systematics-and [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240780#page/581/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetraglene Grube, 1863) San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetraglena Quatrefages, 1866) San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by Claparède (1864: 558): ''Syllidés à lobes frontaux très-saillants, séparés sur toute leur longueur. Pharynx rectiligne, armé à son bord antérieur d'un cercle de dentelures comme un trépan. Antennes, au nombre de trois, cirres tentaculaires et cirres dorsaux moniliformes. Cirres ventraux pinniformes. Reproduction par génération alternante. Individus sexués semblables à ceux des Syllis.'' [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment The type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii. This has always been true as it is a type by monotypy, and thus no other possible candidate for type exists, and a subsequent designation from all originally included species (one) is clearly not needed. It is not possible for T. zebra for example to be considered as the type species, but nevertheless its name may appear as type in loose usages in past literature simply because it was then the senior synonym of T. krohnii, and the two entities were thus not considered different. Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo (2017: 492, 522) stated that they were newly clarifying the situation regarding T. zebra versus T. krohnii as type, because "Many years later Hartman (1959) designed [sic] Trypanosyllis zebra as the type species of the genus by subsequent designation (ICZN, article 69.1), and since then all the authors except Day (1967) considered this designation as valid [...] Our study found that Hartman’s designation is in fact not valid ...". However, Article 69 does not apply here. It is true that Hartman wrongly stated the type species, but the Hartman Catalogue cannot be considered as subsequently designating T. zebra as Trypanosyllis type species, because T. zebra was not an originally included species in the genus (Art. 68) and the type is already fixed by monotypy (Art. 68.3) to be T. krohnii. Day (1967) more exactly presented the type species as "Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparede, 1864 (= Syllis zebra Grube, 1860)". Other authors may have understood this also but were less rigorous in their presentation or they may have simply copied the type from Hartman's listing [G. Read, March, 2017] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and refers to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]