WoRMS taxon details

Spio Fabricius, 1785

129625  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129625)

accepted
Genus
Nereis filicornis Müller, 1776 accepted as Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (type by subsequent designation)
Euspio McIntosh, 1915 (subjective synonym)
Paraspio Czerniavsky, 1881 (subjective synonym)
Subgenus Spio (Microspio)
  » Species Spio (Microspio) gaucha Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974 accepted as Scolelepis gaucha (Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974) (superseded original combinaiton)
Species Spio aequalis Ehlers, 1904
Species Spio armata (Thulin, 1957)
Species Spio arndti Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Species Spio bengalensis Willey, 1908
Species Spio blakei Maciolek, 1990
Species Spio borealis Okuda, 1937
Species Spio butleri Berkeley & Berkeley, 1954
Species Spio celata Dalyell, 1853
Species Spio cirrifera (Banse & Hobson, 1968)
Species Spio decorata Bobretzky, 1870
Species Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776)
  » Subspecies Spio filicornis pacifica Berkeley, 1936
  » Subspecies Spio filicornis picta Zachs, 1933 accepted as Spio picta Zachs, 1933 (rank change)
Species Spio goniocephala Thulin, 1957
Species Spio gorbunovi Averincev, 1990
Species Spio kurilensis Buzhinskaya, 1990
Species Spio limicola Verrill, 1879
Species Spio maciolekae Blake, 1996
Species Spio maculata (Hartman, 1961)
Species Spio malmgreni Sikorski in Jirkov, 2001
Species Spio martinensis Mesnil, 1896
  » Subspecies Spio martinensis pacifica Berkeley, 1927 accepted as Spio filicornis pacifica Berkeley, 1936 (superseded original combination)
Species Spio mesnili Augener, 1914
Species Spio multioculata (Rioja, 1918)
Species Spio obtusa Ehlers, 1913
Species Spio parva (Dalyell, 1853)
Species Spio pettiboneae Foster, 1971
Species Spio picta Zachs, 1933
Species Spio quadrisetosa Blake, 1983
Species Spio readi Blake, 1984
Species Spio seticornis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Spio setosa Verrill, 1873
Species Spio singularis Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Spio symphyta Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Species Spio theeli (Söderström, 1920)
Species Spio thulini Maciolek, 1990
Species Spio tridentata Hutchings & Turvey, 1984
Species Spio tzetlini Sikorski in Jirkov, 2001
Species Spio unidentata Chlebovitsch, 1959

Species Spio crenaticornis Montagu, 1816 (taxon inquirendum, unused, indeterminable)
Species Spio mesnili (McIntosh, 1915) (taxon inquirendum, unreplaced secondary homonym, possible synonym)

Species Spio californica Fewkes, 1889 (nomen dubium)

Species Spio acuta Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) acuta (Treadwell, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio africana (Rullier, 1964) accepted as Dispio africana (Rullier, 1964) (superseded recombination)
Species Spio arctica (Soderstrom, 1920) accepted as Spio limicola Verrill, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Spio atlanticus Langerhans, 1880 accepted as Microspio atlantica (Langerhans, 1880) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio bombyx Claparède, 1870 accepted as Spiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio calcarea Templeton, 1836 accepted as Polydora calcarea (Templeton, 1836) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio caudatus Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (superfluous replacement name)
Species Spio caudatus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1827 accepted as Neanthes acuminata (Ehlers, 1868) (misidentification)
Species Spio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean] accepted as Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (objective synonym, pre-Linnaean)
Species Spio coccineus Delle Chiaje, 1822 accepted as Platynereis coccinea (Delle Chiaje, 1822) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio decoratus Bobretzky, 1870 accepted as Spio decorata Bobretzky, 1870 (mandatory gender agreement requires 'decorata')
Species Spio fuliginosus Claparède, 1870 accepted as Malacoceros fuliginosus (Claparède, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio gattyi McIntosh, 1909 accepted as Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio hirsuta Treadwell, 1928 accepted as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio inversa Kuhlgatz, 1898 accepted as Pygospio elegans Claparède, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Species Spio jirkovi (Sikorski, 1993) accepted as Malacoceros jirkovi Sikorski, 1993 (superseded recombination)
Species Spio laevicornis Rathke, 1837 accepted as Malacoceros laevicornis (Rathke, 1837) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio magnus Day, 1955 accepted as Dispio magna (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Spio mecznikowianus Claparède, 1869 accepted as Microspio mecznikowianus (Claparède, 1869) (synonym)
Species Spio mimus Chamberlin, 1920 accepted as Spio theeli (Söderström, 1920) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio nemertinaeformis Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Saccocirrus papillocercus Bobretzky, 1872 (subjective synonym)
Species Spio pacifica Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Spio blakei Maciolek, 1990 (junior primary homonym to Spio martinensis pacifica)
Species Spio punctata Hartman, 1961 accepted as Malacoceros indicus (Fauvel, 1928) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio quadricornis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spio crenaticornis Montagu, 1816 (missapplied superfluous name)
Species Spio rathbuni Webster & Benedict, 1884 accepted as Pygospio elegans Claparède, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Species Spio robusta Verrill, 1873 accepted as Spio setosa Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Species Spio ventilabrum Delle Chiaje, 1827 accepted as Perinereis cultrifera (Grube, 1840) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio viridis Johnston, 1828 accepted as Scolelepis foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (subjective synonym)
Species Spio vulgaris Johnston, 1827 accepted as Malacoceros vulgaris (Johnston, 1827) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Fabricius, O. (1785). Von dem Spio-Geschlecht, einem neuen Wurmgeschlecht Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis, mit Abbildungen. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. 6: 256-270, plate V., available online at http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/diglib/aufkl/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde.htm
page(s): 258-259 [details]   
Etymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology, designating one of the Nereids, the 50 daughters of Nereus by Doris, goddesses...  
Etymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology, designating one of the Nereids, the 50 daughters of Nereus by Doris, goddesses of the sea, and patrons of sailors and fishermen. Spio (Speio, in Greek), was the nereid of the sea caves. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Spio Fabricius, 1785. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129625 on 2018-06-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-29 12:39:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Fabricius, O. (1785). Von dem Spio-Geschlecht, einem neuen Wurmgeschlecht Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis, mit Abbildungen. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. 6: 256-270, plate V., available online at http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/diglib/aufkl/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde.htm
page(s): 258-259 [details]   

original description  (ofParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, V. (1881). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 56(2): 338-420, 1 plate., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/128933#page/406/mode/1up
page(s): 360, 367 [details]   

original description  (ofEuspio McIntosh, 1915) McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids. The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38532650
page(s): 176 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27, available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2011/2815.html [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

subsequent type designation Söderström, Adolf 1920. Studien über die Polychätenfamilie Spionidae. 1-286. Uppsala University. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Day, John H. (1973). New Polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars. 375: 1-140., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62852
page(s): 76; note: informal placement as synonym of Spio [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 33 [details]   

status source  (ofParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 382; note: has Paraspio as the senior synonym of Microspio [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Maciolek, Nancy J. 1990. A redescription of some species belonging to the genus Spio and Microspio (Polychaeta: Annelida) and descriptions of three new species from Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Natural History, 24: 1109-1141., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939000770701
page(s): 1 111; note: included as a synonym of Spio.  [details]   

additional source  (ofEuspio McIntosh, 1915) Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 33 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Etymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology, designating one of the Nereids, the 50 daughters of Nereus by Doris, goddesses of the sea, and patrons of sailors and fishermen. Spio (Speio, in Greek), was the nereid of the sea caves. [details]

Grammatical gender Spio, named after a female mythological entity, must be feminine, and has almost invariably been treated as feminine (with Spio decoratus one exception). [details]