WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe Johnston, 1839

129439 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129439)
accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839 (type by monotypy)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe anoculata Hartman, 1965
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe assimilis Örsted, 1845
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe baltica Örsted, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe chinensis Wu, Zhao & Ding, 1994
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe courtneyae Blake, 1995
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe fauveli Kirkegaard, 1983
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe glabra Hartman, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe longa (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe microantennata Padovanni & Amaral, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minutissima Hartmann-Schröder, 1980
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe pallida Chambers, 1985
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe petersenae Ravara & Cunha, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe polymorpha (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe spinosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe tecta Stimpson, 1854
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe tuamotuensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1992

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe antarctica [check list lapsus] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe antarctica (Kinberg, 1858) (non-existent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe antipoda Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe antipoda (Hartman, 1967)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe brevicornis Panceri, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubadyte pellucida (Ehlers, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe dorsipapillata Marenzeller, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoides dorsipapillatus (Marenzeller, 1893) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe eximia Johnston, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe mendeleevi Averincev, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoides mendeleevi (Averincev, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe parva Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImajimapholoe parva (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe swedmarki Laubier, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaubierpholoe swedmarki (Laubier, 1975) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe synophthalmica Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe inornata Johnston, 1839 (junior synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe tuberculata Southern, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe baltica Örsted, 1843 (probable junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Johnston, George 1839. Miscellanea Zoologica. VI. The British Aphroditaceæ. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 1, 2(12): 424-441.
page(s): 437; note: for Pholoe inornata new species [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as type species (eg Hartman Catalogue p.117) are based on the (incorrect) assumption that Pholoe inornata is a junior synonym of P. minuta (it was referred to P. minuta by Malmgren, 1865). Also, even if a junior synonym, the type species name would still be P. inornata [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Latinised personal name from the Greek....  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Latinised personal name from the Greek. According to Johnston Pholoe was one of the nereid nymphs. Author quote "As Pholoe, most that rules the monsters of the main." Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xx. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and abundant in marine benthos. In northern Europe, 1 to 3 species may be present in a single sample but not recognised as distinct. Four valid species are common in European inshore waters, but inadequate descriptions and species misidentifications have resulted in most of them being misidentified as the western North Atlantic P. minuta, not known to occur in European waters. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as type species (eg Hartman Catalogue p.117) are based on the (incorrect) assumption that Pholoe inornata is a junior synonym of P. minuta (it was referred to P. minuta by Malmgren, 1865). Also, even if a junior synonym, the type species name would still be P. inornata [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K.; Bellan, G. (2016). Pholoe. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129439 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-11 09:30:41Z
changed
2007-01-24 08:43:46Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-31 21:07:29Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Johnston, George 1839. Miscellanea Zoologica. VI. The British Aphroditaceæ. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 1, 2(12): 424-441.
page(s): 437; note: for Pholoe inornata new species [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Included in the Sigalionidae by Fauchald (1977). Following Petersen (1998) they should be included in a separate family Pholoidae [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Latinised personal name from the Greek. According to Johnston Pholoe was one of the nereid nymphs. Author quote "As Pholoe, most that rules the monsters of the main." Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xx. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Worms of the genus Pholoe are common and abundant in marine benthos. In northern Europe, 1 to 3 species may be present in a single sample but not recognised as distinct. Four valid species are common in European inshore waters, but inadequate descriptions and species misidentifications have resulted in most of them being misidentified as the western North Atlantic P. minuta, not known to occur in European waters. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Records giving Aphrodita minuta Fabricius as type species (eg Hartman Catalogue p.117) are based on the (incorrect) assumption that Pholoe inornata is a junior synonym of P. minuta (it was referred to P. minuta by Malmgren, 1865). Also, even if a junior synonym, the type species name would still be P. inornata [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Feeding Type
carnivore [details]
predator [details]