WoRMS taxon details

Euclymene Verrill, 1900

129347  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129347)

accepted
Genus
Species Euclymene africana (Gravier, 1905)
Species Euclymene annandalei Southern, 1921
Species Euclymene aucklandica Augener, 1923
Species Euclymene collaris (Claparède, 1869)
Species Euclymene corallicola (Treadwell, 1929)
Species Euclymene coronata Verrill, 1900
Species Euclymene delineata Moore, 1923
Species Euclymene dispar (Verrill, 1873)
Species Euclymene droebachiensis (Sars, 1872)
Species Euclymene gracilis
Species Euclymene insecta (Ehlers, 1904)
Species Euclymene lindrothi Eliason, 1962
Species Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866)
Species Euclymene luderitziana Augener, 1918
Species Euclymene mossambica (Day, 1957)
Species Euclymene natalensis (Day, 1957)
Species Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863)
Species Euclymene palermitana (Grube, 1840)
Species Euclymene papillata (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939)
Species Euclymene trinalis Hutchings, 1974
Species Euclymene uncinata Imajima & Shiraki, 1982
Species Euclymene watsoni (Gravier, 1906)

Species Euclymene zonalis (Verrill, 1874) represented as Clymenella zonalis (Verrill, 1874) (superseded combination)

Species Euclymene affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) accepted as Praxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872)
Species Euclymene campanula Hartman, 1969 accepted as Isocirrus campanulatus (Hartman, 1969) (superseded original combination)
Species Euclymene glandularis (Day, 1955) accepted as Isocirrus glandularis (Day, 1955) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene grossa (Baird, 1873) accepted as Maldanella grossa (Baird, 1873) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene lumbricoides [auct. misspelling] accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (lapsus)
Species Euclymene lyrocephala (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Isocirrus lyrocephalus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene oerstedi [auct. misspelling for oerstedii] accepted as Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (Spelling variation)
Species Euclymene praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) accepted as Praxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene reticulata Moore, 1923 accepted as Isocirrus reticulatus (Moore, 1923) (superseded original combination)
Species Euclymene robusta (Arwidsson, 1906) accepted as Heteroclymene robusta Arwidsson, 1906 (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) accepted as Macroclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Euclymene tropica (Monro, 1928) accepted as Isocirrus tropicus (Monro, 1928) (superseded subsequent combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27731368 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Clymene Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   
Note Verrill (1900: 654) replaced Clymene Lamarck...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Verrill (1900: 654) replaced Clymene Lamarck (he used Savigny as author) with nomen novum Euclymene because of a possibly junior homonymy, and Verrill stated the type was now Clymene oerstedii Claparède, 1863 [instead of Lamarck's species]. The Hartman Catalogue and Fauchald, 1977 repeat this. However, under the current code (article 67.8) this is clearly not possible. The type remains Clymene amphistoma Lamarck, by monotypy. A species described forty years later for obvious reasons of maintaining stability cannot possibly be the type, which must be a species originally included in the original genus so that the original author's concept is maintained. Subsequent statements such as Verrill's in reassigning the type of a genus to another species have no effect.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Euclymene Verrill, 1900. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129347 on 2020-10-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-04 06:49:09Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2020-10-25 05:25:06Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27731368 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Clymene Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Verrill (1900) included Praxillella Verrill, 1882, type species P. gracilis (Sars), as a subgenus in Euclymene, with the possibility that "Praxillella should include the entire genus as being the earliest tenable name." This seems to mean that Verrill considered Praxillella to be equivalent to his new name Euclymene, and possibly to Clymene, since Euclymene was erected to replace Clymene. Thus, the new name he has just erected was probably superfuous. However Arwidsson (1906) uses Euclymene, and has Praxillella as a separate genus [details]

Type species Verrill (1900: 654) replaced Clymene Lamarck (he used Savigny as author) with nomen novum Euclymene because of a possibly junior homonymy, and Verrill stated the type was now Clymene oerstedii Claparède, 1863 [instead of Lamarck's species]. The Hartman Catalogue and Fauchald, 1977 repeat this. However, under the current code (article 67.8) this is clearly not possible. The type remains Clymene amphistoma Lamarck, by monotypy. A species described forty years later for obvious reasons of maintaining stability cannot possibly be the type, which must be a species originally included in the original genus so that the original author's concept is maintained. Subsequent statements such as Verrill's in reassigning the type of a genus to another species have no effect.  [details]