WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758

127094  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127094)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 248 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Occurs at a temperature range of 5° to 27°C,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Occurs at a temperature range of 5° to 27°C, generally above the thermocline but may descend to depths of 800 m (Ref. 9354), but prefers temperatures of 18°C to 22°C (Ref. 9987). Primarily a warm-water species. Although oceanic, sometimes found in coastal waters (Ref. 9354). Its migrations consist of movements toward temperate or cold waters for feeding in summer and back to warm waters in autumn for spawning and overwintering. Lives a solitary life upon the high seas. Larvae are frequently encountered at temperatures above 24 °C (Ref. 9702). Adults are opportunistic feeders, known to forage for their food from the surface to the bottom over a wide depth range (Ref. 9702). Uses its sword to kill its prey (Ref. 9354). Feeds mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids (Ref. 9354). Also caught with harpoons, drift gill nets and set nets by commercial fisheries and by trolling in sports fishing (Ref. 9702). A good food fish, it is marketed fresh or frozen, and can be made into sashimi, teriyaki or fillets (Ref. 9354). Large individuals may accumulate large percentages of mercury in its flesh (Ref. 9354). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bonne Bay, over the Grand Bank along the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bonne Bay, over the Grand Bank along the offing of Cape Breton and in to the southern Gulf of St Lawrence and along the outer coast of Nova Scotia, southward along the coast of the United States; into Argentina in the South Atlantic [details]
Bailly, N. (2008). Xiphias gladius. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127094 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 248 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias estara Phillipps, 1932) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias imperator Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias rondeletti Leach, 1814) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias thermaicus Serbetis, 1951) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaethonichthys tuberculatus Nichols, 1923) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapterus imperator (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius estara Phillipps, 1932) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphasia gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias rondeletii Leach, 1814) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Occurs at a temperature range of 5° to 27°C, generally above the thermocline but may descend to depths of 800 m (Ref. 9354), but prefers temperatures of 18°C to 22°C (Ref. 9987). Primarily a warm-water species. Although oceanic, sometimes found in coastal waters (Ref. 9354). Its migrations consist of movements toward temperate or cold waters for feeding in summer and back to warm waters in autumn for spawning and overwintering. Lives a solitary life upon the high seas. Larvae are frequently encountered at temperatures above 24 °C (Ref. 9702). Adults are opportunistic feeders, known to forage for their food from the surface to the bottom over a wide depth range (Ref. 9702). Uses its sword to kill its prey (Ref. 9354). Feeds mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids (Ref. 9354). Also caught with harpoons, drift gill nets and set nets by commercial fisheries and by trolling in sports fishing (Ref. 9702). A good food fish, it is marketed fresh or frozen, and can be made into sashimi, teriyaki or fillets (Ref. 9354). Large individuals may accumulate large percentages of mercury in its flesh (Ref. 9354). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feed mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bonne Bay, over the Grand Bank along the offing of Cape Breton and in to the southern Gulf of St Lawrence and along the outer coast of Nova Scotia, southward along the coast of the United States; into Argentina in the South Atlantic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat oceanic but sometimes found in coastal waters  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial fishery and gamefish [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Spawning takes place in Atlantic during spring in southern Sargasso Sea. [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthochondria cornuta (Müller O.F., 1776) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBothriocephalus manubriformis (Linton, 1889) Ariola, 1900 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChloromyxum musculoliquefaciens Matsumoto, 1954 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFistulicola plicatus (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1899 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFloriceps saccatus Cuvier, 1817 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGloiopotes longicaudatus (Marukawa, 1927) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrillotia erinaceus (Van Beneden, 1858) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHepatoxylon trichiuri (Holten, 1802) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHuffmanela paronai Moravec & Garibaldi, 2000 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysterothylacium corrugatum Deardorff & Overstreet, 1981 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysterothylacium hanumantharoi (Lakshmi & Shyamasundari, 1988) Bruce, Adlard & Cannon, 1994 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysterothylacium incurvum (Rudolphi, 1819) Deardorff & Overstreet, 1980 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysterothylacium reliquens (Norris & Overstreet, 1975) Deardorff & Overstreet, 1981 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaricostula incurva (Rudolphi, 1819) Bruce & Cannon, 1989 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolicola uncinatus (Linton, 1924) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobrachiella ramosa (Richiardi, 1880) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNybelinia bisulcata (Linton, 1889) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNybelinia lamontae Nigrelli, 1938 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNybelinia lingualis Cuvier, 1817 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOnchophora melanocephala (Rudolphi, 1819) Baudin-Laurencin, 1971 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOtobothrium crenacolle Linton, 1890 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOtobothrium dipsacus Linton, 1897 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanisakis multipapillus Rajyalakshmi, Hanumantha Rao & Shyamasunderi, 1989 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella filosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella instructa Wilson C.B., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella orthagorisci Wright E.P., 1870 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella tridentata Listowsky, 1892 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilichthys xiphiae Steenstrup, 1862 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilichthys xiphiae Steenstrup, 1862 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhadinorhynchus pristis (Rudolphi, 1802) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1802 (parasite)
LanguageName 
Basque Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorezpata-arrain  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeix espasaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoremperador  [details]
Czech Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormečoun obecný  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvaerdfisk  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzwaardvis  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish suckerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormiekkakala  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorespadon  [details]
Galician Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeixe espada  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchwertfisch  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorדג החרב  [details]
Icelandic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverðfiskur  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci spadaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce spada  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorメカジキ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordurklažuvė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΞιφίας  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwłócznikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwlócznikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorryba mieczUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormiecznik  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorespadarteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoragulha  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorсаблянкаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМеч-рыбаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormech-ryba  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcolgán  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormečarica  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez espada  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvärdfisk  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkılıç balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkilic baligi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorРиба-меч звичайнаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorРиба-мечUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorмеч-риба  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpysgodyn cleddyf  [details]