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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 127094

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaethonichthys tuberculatus Nichols, 1923
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapterus imperator (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphasia gladius (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias estara Phillipps, 1932
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius estara Phillipps, 1932
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias imperator Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias rondeletti Leach, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias thermaicus Serbetis, 1951
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 248 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Basque Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorezpata-arrain  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeix espasaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoremperador  [details]
Czech Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormečoun obecný  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvaerdfisk  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzwaardvis  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish suckerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormiekkakala  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorespadon  [details]
Galician Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeixe espada  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchwertfisch  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorדג החרב  [details]
Icelandic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverðfiskur  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci spadaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce spada  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordurklažuvė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΞιφίας  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfisk  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwłócznikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwlócznikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorryba mieczUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormiecznik  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorespadarteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoragulha  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorсаблянкаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМеч-рыбаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormech-ryba  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcolgán  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormečarica  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez espada  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvärdfisk  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkılıç balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkilic baligi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorРиба-меч звичайнаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorРиба-мечUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorмеч-риба  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpysgodyn cleddyf  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius estara Phillipps, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic sea [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlack Sea [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Columbia [details]
Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCoastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia [details]
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Djibouti
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDjibouti [details]
Eritrea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEritrea [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndian Ocean [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIsraeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIJsselmeer [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Pacific [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Atlantic [details]
Sri Lanka
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSri Lanka [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Pacific part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 67 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Pacific [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPacific Ocean [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Indian Ocean [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthochondria cornuta (Müller O.F., 1776) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilichthys xiphiae Steenstrup, 1862 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobrachiella ramosa (Richiardi, 1880) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella filosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella instructa Wilson C.B., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella orthagorisci Wright E.P., 1870 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPennella tridentata Listowsky, 1892 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGloiopotes longicaudatus (Marukawa, 1925) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilichthys xiphiae Steenstrup, 1862 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (132 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (749 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FishBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (2526 nucleotides; 564 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Occurs at a temperature range of 5° to 27°C, generally above the thermocline but may descend to depths of 800 m (Ref. 9354), but prefers temperatures of 18°C to 22°C (Ref. 9987). Primarily a warm-water species. Although oceanic, sometimes found in coastal waters (Ref. 9354). Its migrations consist of movements toward temperate or cold waters for feeding in summer and back to warm waters in autumn for spawning and overwintering. Lives a solitary life upon the high seas. Larvae are frequently encountered at temperatures above 24 °C (Ref. 9702). Adults are opportunistic feeders, known to forage for their food from the surface to the bottom over a wide depth range (Ref. 9702). Uses its sword to kill its prey (Ref. 9354). Feeds mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids (Ref. 9354). Also caught with harpoons, drift gill nets and set nets by commercial fisheries and by trolling in sports fishing (Ref. 9702). A good food fish, it is marketed fresh or frozen, and can be made into sashimi, teriyaki or fillets (Ref. 9354). Large individuals may accumulate large percentages of mercury in its flesh (Ref. 9354). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feed mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bonne Bay, over the Grand Bank along the offing of Cape Breton and in to the southern Gulf of St Lawrence and along the outer coast of Nova Scotia, southward along the coast of the United States; into Argentina in the South Atlantic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat oceanic but sometimes found in coastal waters  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial fishery and gamefish [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Spawning takes place in Atlantic during spring in southern Sargasso Sea. [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127094
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2014). Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127094 on 2014-12-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License