WoRMS taxon details

Muraena Linnaeus, 1758

125637  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125637)

accepted
Genus
Species Muraena appendiculata (Guichenot, 1848)
Species Muraena argus (Steindachner, 1870)
Species Muraena augusti (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena clepsydra Gilbert, 1898
Species Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
Species Muraena lentiginosa Jenyns, 1842
Species Muraena melanotis (Kaup, 1859)
Species Muraena pavonina Richardson, 1845
Species Muraena retifera Goode & Bean, 1882
Species Muraena robusta Osório, 1911

Species Muraena acuminata Gronow, 1854 accepted as Myrichthys breviceps (Richardson, 1848)
Species Muraena acutirostris Gronow, 1854 accepted as Ophisurus serpens (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Muraena afra (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Gymnothorax afer Bloch, 1795
Species Muraena alba Zuiew, 1793 accepted as Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793)
Species Muraena albimarginata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena albomarginata Pfaff, 1933 accepted as Muraena melanotis (Kaup, 1859)
Species Muraena alusis Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)
Species Muraena amblyodon Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Echidna amblyodon (Bleeker, 1856)
Species Muraena anatina Lowe, 1838 accepted as Enchelycore anatina (Lowe, 1838)
Species Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Muraena anguina Gronow, 1854 accepted as Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Muraena angusticauda Weber & de Beaufort, 1916 accepted as Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber & de Beaufort, 1916)
Species Muraena annulata Ahl, 1789 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
Species Muraena arabica Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775) (synonym)
Species Muraena arabicus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
Species Muraena argentea Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
Species Muraena aurea Mowbray, 1931 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena australiae Richardson, 1848 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
Species Muraena australis (Richardson, 1841) accepted as Anguilla australis australis Richardson, 1841
Species Muraena bagio Hamilton, 1822 accepted as Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)
Species Muraena balearica Delaroche, 1809 accepted as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche, 1809)
Species Muraena bengalensis Gray, 1831 accepted as Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
Species Muraena bettencourti Osório, 1911 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
Species Muraena boschii Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Echidna nebulosa (Ahl, 1789)
Species Muraena bostoniensis Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Catostomus commersonii (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
Species Muraena brummeri Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Pseudechidna brummeri (Bleeker, 1858)
Species Muraena bullata Richardson, 1848 accepted as Gymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832)
Species Muraena buroensis Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Gymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker, 1857)
Species Muraena caeca Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Apterichtus caecus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Muraena callorhyncha Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax prasinus (Richardson, 1848)
Species Muraena cancellata Richardson, 1848 accepted as Gymnothorax undulatus (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
Species Muraena canina Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Enchelynassa canina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Species Muraena cassini Risso, 1810 accepted as Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche, 1809)
Species Muraena catenata (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795)
Species Muraena chilensis Günther, 1872 accepted as Gymnothorax porphyreus (Guichenot, 1848)
Species Muraena chlorostigma (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw, 1795)
Species Muraena cinerascens Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)
Species Muraena cinerea Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
Species Muraena colubrina Boddaert, 1781 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
Species Muraena compressa Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Gempylus serpens Cuvier, 1829 (synonym)
Species Muraena conger Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Muraena corallina Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Gymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker, 1857) (synonym)
Species Muraena dovii Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax dovii (Günther, 1870)
Species Muraena elaborata Poey, 1860 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena euptera Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax nubilus (Richardson, 1848)
Species Muraena fasciata Ahl, 1789 accepted as Myrichthys colubrinus (Boddaert, 1781)
Species Muraena fascigula Peters, 1855 accepted as Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)
Species Muraena fimbriata Bennett, 1832 accepted as Gymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832)
Species Muraena flavimarginata Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830) (synonym)
Species Muraena flavopicta (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena fusca Zuiew, 1793 accepted as Yirrkala fusca (Zuiew, 1793)
Species Muraena gracilis Richardson, 1848 accepted as Gymnothorax tile (Hamilton, 1822) (synonym)
Species Muraena guttata Risso, 1827 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758
Species Muraena guttata Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Species Muraena gymnopterus Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Muraenichthys gymnopterus (Bleeker, 1853)
Species Muraena halmaherensis Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844 (synonym)
Species Muraena hauannensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Ophichthus ophis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Muraena helaena Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
Species Muraena hepatica Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)
Species Muraena insularum Jordan & Davis, 1891 accepted as Muraena lentiginosa Jenyns, 1842
Species Muraena interrupta Kaup, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax rueppelliae (McClelland, 1844) (synonym)
Species Muraena irregularis (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena isingteena Richardson, 1845 accepted as Gymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)
Species Muraena javanica Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Gymnothorax javanicus (Bleeker, 1859)
Species Muraena kailuae Jordan & Evermann, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena kauila Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena kidako Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena labiata Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla labiata (Peters, 1852) accepted as Anguilla bengalensis labiata (Peters, 1852) (synonym)
Species Muraena lampra Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena laysana Steindachner, 1900 accepted as Gymnothorax eurostus (Abbott, 1860)
Species Muraena longicauda Peters, 1877 accepted as Anarchias longicauda (Peters, 1877) (synonym)
Species Muraena longicollis Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Echelus myrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Muraena macrocephala Lesueur, 1817 accepted as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
Species Muraena macrocephala Rapp, 1849 accepted as Anguilla bicolor bicolor McClelland, 1844
Species Muraena macrophthalma Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla bengalensis labiata (Peters, 1852)
Species Muraena macrophthalmos Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla labiata (Peters, 1852) accepted as Anguilla bengalensis labiata (Peters, 1852) (synonym)
Species Muraena macrurus Bleeker, 1854 accepted as Strophidon sathete (Hamilton, 1822)
Species Muraena maculata Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Species Muraena maculosa Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Myrichthys maculosus (Cuvier, 1816)
Species Muraena maderensis (Johnson, 1862) accepted as Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862)
Species Muraena manillensis Bleeker, 1864 accepted as Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
Species Muraena mauritiana Kaup, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830)
Species Muraena melanospilos Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Gymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)
Species Muraena meleagris Shaw, 1795 accepted as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw, 1795) (synonym)
Species Muraena micropterus Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker, 1852)
Species Muraena microspila Günther, 1870 accepted as Gymnothorax reevesii (Richardson, 1845) (synonym)
Species Muraena miliaris (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena milliaris (Kaup, 1856) accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856) (misspelling)
Species Muraena minor Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Gymnothorax minor (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Species Muraena moa (Bleeker, 1849) accepted as Anguilla bicolor bicolor McClelland, 1844
Species Muraena molendinaris Bennett, 1833 accepted as Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)
Species Muraena moluccensis (Bleeker, 1864) accepted as Gymnothorax moluccensis (Bleeker, 1864)
Species Muraena monochrous Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Gymnothorax monochrous (Bleeker, 1856)
Species Muraena monostigma Regan, 1909 accepted as Gymnothorax monostigma (Regan, 1909)
Species Muraena mordax Ayres, 1859 accepted as Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859)
Species Muraena moringa Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829)
Species Muraena mossambica Peters, 1852 accepted as Anguilla mossambica (Peters, 1852)
Species Muraena multiocellata Poey, 1860 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena myrialeucostictus Fowler, 1912 accepted as Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)
Species Muraena myrus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena mystax Delaroche, 1809 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena nebulosa Ahl, 1789 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena nigra Risso, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena nigricans Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena nigrolineata Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena nubila Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena nudivomer Günther, 1867 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena ocellata (Agassiz, 1831) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena ophis Rüppell, 1830 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena ophis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena oxyrhina Ekström, 1831 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena panamensis Steindachner, 1876 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena pardalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena pekinensis Basilewsky, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena peli (Kaup, 1856) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena petelli Bleeker, 1856 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena picta Ahl, 1789 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena platyrhina Ekström, 1831 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena polyuranodon Bleeker, 1854 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena polyzona Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena porphyrea (Guichenot, 1848) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena prasina Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena prosopeion Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena pseudothyrsoidea Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena punctata Gronow, 1854 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena punctata Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena raitaborua Hamilton, 1822 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena reevesii Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena reticularis (Bloch, 1795) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena rhodochilus (Bleeker, 1863) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena richardsonii Bleeker, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena romana Shaw, 1803 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena rostrata Lesueur, 1817 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena ruppelli (McClelland, 1844) (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Muraena saga (Risso, 1810) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena sagenedota Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Muraena sagenodeta Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena sanctaehelenae Günther, 1870 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena sathete (Hamilton, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena schismatorhynchus Bleeker, 1853 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena serpens Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena serpentina Lesueur, 1817 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena sordida Cuvier, 1816 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena tessellata Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena thrysoidea Richardson, 1845 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena tigrina Rüppell, 1830 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena tile (Hamilton, 1822) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena trinitatis Miranda Ribeiro, 1919 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena tristis Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena unicolor (Delaroche, 1809) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena unicolor (Kaup, 1856) (unaccepted)
Species Muraena vagrans Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena variegata Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena vermiculata Richardson, 1848 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Muraena virescens Peters, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena viridipinna Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena viridipinnna Seale, 1917 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena vorax Ogilby, 1907 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena vulgaris Kaup, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena xanthospilos Bleeker, 1859 (unaccepted)
Species Muraena zebra (Shaw, 1797) (unaccepted)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Muraena Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125637 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-01-04 15:09:25Z
changed
2014-11-21 13:09:37Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



LanguageName 
Japanese トラウツボ  [details]
Murena
 Murena