WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphiidae 
AphiaID: 125574

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchwertfische  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvärdfiskar  [details]
All child
taxa (27)

[hide all]
[sort alpha..]
 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius estara Phillipps, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias ensis Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMakaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias estara Phillipps, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias imperator Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias platypterus Shaw, 1792 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias rondeletti Leach, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias thermaicus Serbetis, 1951 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias velifer Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias velifer Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus Lacepède, 1801
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus americanus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus audax Philippi, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus belone (Rafinesque, 1810) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapturus belone Rafinesque, 1810
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus brevirostris Playfair, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus dubius Bleeker, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus gladius (Bloch, 1793) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus granulifer Castelnau, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus herschelii (Gray, 1838) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMakaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus immaculatus Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus indicus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus pulchellus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaethonichthys accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaethonichthys tuberculatus Nichols, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed, depressed, sharp-edged sword. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Adults scaleless. No pelvic fins and girdle. Adults lacking jaw teeth. One median keel on each side of the caudal peduncle in adults. Vertebrae 26. Maximum length 4.5 m. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Of high commercial value. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125574
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
  
[Taxonomic tree] [List Species] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Xiphiidae. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125574 on 2014-09-16
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License