WoRMS taxon details

Xiphiidae Rafinesque, 1815

125574  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125574)

accepted
Family
Genus Xiphias Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Xiphias ensis Lacepède, 1800 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Xiphias estara Phillipps, 1932 accepted as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Xiphias imperator Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Xiphias platypterus Shaw, 1792 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Xiphias rondeletii Leach, 1814 accepted as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Xiphias rondeletti Leach, 1814 accepted as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Xiphias thermaicus Serbetis, 1951 accepted as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Xiphias velifer Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) (synonym)

Genus Histiophorus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Istiophorus Lacepède, 1801 (synonym)
  » Species Histiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804) accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Histiophorus americanus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Histiophorus audax Philippi, 1887 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Histiophorus belone (Rafinesque, 1810) accepted as Tetrapturus belone Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Histiophorus brevirostris Playfair, 1867 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
  » Species Histiophorus dubius Bleeker, 1872 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) (misspelling)
  » Species Histiophorus gladius (Bloch, 1793) accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Histiophorus granulifer Castelnau, 1861 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Histiophorus herschelii (Gray, 1838) accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Histiophorus immaculatus Rüppell, 1830 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Histiophorus indicus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Histiophorus orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Histiophorus pulchellus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
Genus Phaethonichthys Nichols, 1923 accepted as Xiphias Linnaeus, 1758
marine
Not documented
Description Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed,...  
Description Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed, depressed, sharp-edged sword. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Adults scaleless. No pelvic fins and girdle. Adults lacking jaw teeth. One median keel on each side of the caudal peduncle in adults. Vertebrae 26. Maximum length 4.5 m. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Of high commercial value. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Xiphiidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125574 on 2018-11-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed, depressed, sharp-edged sword. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Adults scaleless. No pelvic fins and girdle. Adults lacking jaw teeth. One median keel on each side of the caudal peduncle in adults. Vertebrae 26. Maximum length 4.5 m. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Of high commercial value. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English swordfish  [details]
German Schwertfische  [details]
Japanese メカジキ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål sverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk sverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Swedish svärdfiskar  [details]