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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphiidae 
AphiaID: 125574

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorswordfish  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchwertfische  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsverdfiskfamilien  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsvärdfiskar  [details]
Direct child
taxa

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistiophorus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIstiophorus Lacepède, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaethonichthys accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXiphias Linnaeus, 1758
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed, depressed, sharp-edged sword. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Adults scaleless. No pelvic fins and girdle. Adults lacking jaw teeth. One median keel on each side of the caudal peduncle in adults. Vertebrae 26. Maximum length 4.5 m. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Of high commercial value. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125574
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2013). Xiphiidae. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2013) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125574 on 2014-04-16
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License