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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScaridae Rafinesque, 1810 
AphiaID: 125557

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopteri (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabroidei (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScaridae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabroidei
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorparrotfishes  [details]
Direct child
taxa (32)

[show all]
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 Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarinae Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBolbometopon Smith, 1956
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetoscarus Smith, 1956
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlorurus Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipposcarus Smith, 1956
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBolbomatopon accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBolbometopon Smith, 1956
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulbometopon accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBolbometopon Smith, 1956
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemistoma Swainson, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMargaritodon Smith, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNovacula Catesby, 1771 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocarus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoscarus Bleeker, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlorurus Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoscarus Bleeker, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlorurus Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSacrus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarius accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarops Schultz, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparisomatinae Gill, 1893
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalotomus Gilbert, 1890
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptotomus Cope, 1871
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptoscarus Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicholsina Fowler, 1915
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparisoma Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliodon Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEscarus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparisoma Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparisoma Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScarichthys Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptoscarus Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScaridae [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScaridea Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalotomus Gilbert, 1890
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScaridea Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalotomus Gilbert, 1890
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparidosoma accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSparisoma Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXenoscarus Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicholsina Fowler, 1915

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyodon Gronow, 1763 (nomen dubium, Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 261).)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXanothon Smith, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChlorurus Swainson, 1839
Environment marine
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in dorsal fin 9; soft rays 10. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 9. One spine in pelvic; soft rays 5. Caudal fin with 11 branched rays. Scales large; cycloid. Lateral line with usually 22-24 scales. Vertebrae 25. Herbivorous, usually scraping algae from dead coral substrates. At night, some species rest enveloped in their mucoid secretion. Sex change seems a common occurence, with the females either primary or secondary in most species. Many species could be identified by their live coloration but this may be lost in preservation, or can vary between juveniles and adults and with sex change.  [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125557
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2015). Scaridae Rafinesque, 1810. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2015) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125557 on 2015-05-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License