WoRMS taxon details

Scaridae Rafinesque, 1810

125557  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125557)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Scarinae Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Bolbometopon Smith, 1956
  » Genus Cetoscarus Smith, 1956
  » Genus Chlorurus Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Hipposcarus Smith, 1956
  » Genus Scarus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Bolbomatopon accepted as Bolbometopon Smith, 1956 (misspelling)
  » Genus Bulbometopon accepted as Bolbometopon Smith, 1956 (misspelling)
  » Genus Hemistoma Swainson, 1839 accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Margaritodon Smith, 1956 accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Novacula Catesby, 1771 accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775 (synonym)
  » Genus Pseudocarus accepted as Pseudoscarus Bleeker, 1861 accepted as Chlorurus Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  » Genus Pseudoscarus Bleeker, 1861 accepted as Chlorurus Swainson, 1839 (synonym)
  » Genus Sacrus accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775 (misspelling)
  » Genus Scarius accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775 (misspelling)
  » Genus Scarops Schultz, 1958 accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775
Subfamily Sparisomatinae Gill, 1893
  » Genus Calotomus Gilbert, 1890
  » Genus Cryptotomus Cope, 1871
  » Genus Leptoscarus Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Nicholsina Fowler, 1915
  » Genus Sparisoma Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Calliodon Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Scarus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Escarus accepted as Euscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Sparisoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  » Genus Euscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Sparisoma Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Scarichthys Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Leptoscarus Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Scaridae [sic] accepted as Scaridea Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Calotomus Gilbert, 1890 (Genus misspelling)
  » Genus Scaridea Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Calotomus Gilbert, 1890
  » Genus Sparidosoma accepted as Sparisoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  » Genus Xenoscarus Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917 accepted as Nicholsina Fowler, 1915

Genus Callyodon Gronow, 1763 (nomen dubium, Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 261).)

Genus Xanothon Smith, 1956 accepted as Chlorurus Swainson, 1839 (synonym)
marine
Not documented
Description Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in dorsal fin 9;...  
Description Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in dorsal fin 9; soft rays 10. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 9. One spine in pelvic; soft rays 5. Caudal fin with 11 branched rays. Scales large; cycloid. Lateral line with usually 22-24 scales. Vertebrae 25. Herbivorous, usually scraping algae from dead coral substrates. At night, some species rest enveloped in their mucoid secretion. Sex change seems a common occurence, with the females either primary or secondary in most species. Many species could be identified by their live coloration but this may be lost in preservation, or can vary between juveniles and adults and with sex change.  [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Scaridae Rafinesque, 1810. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125557 on 2018-08-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in dorsal fin 9; soft rays 10. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 9. One spine in pelvic; soft rays 5. Caudal fin with 11 branched rays. Scales large; cycloid. Lateral line with usually 22-24 scales. Vertebrae 25. Herbivorous, usually scraping algae from dead coral substrates. At night, some species rest enveloped in their mucoid secretion. Sex change seems a common occurence, with the females either primary or secondary in most species. Many species could be identified by their live coloration but this may be lost in preservation, or can vary between juveniles and adults and with sex change.  [details]
 



LanguageName 
English parrotfishes  [details]
Japanese ブダイ  [details]