WoRMS taxon details

Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835

125515  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125515)

accepted
Family
Genus Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Species Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803
  » Species Acanthurus albimento Carpenter, Williams & Santos, 2017
  » Species Acanthurus albipectoralis Allen & Ayling, 1987
  » Species Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956
  » Species Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855
  » Species Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  » Species Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787)
  » Species Acanthurus chronixis Randall, 1960
  » Species Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort, 1951
  » Species Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus grammoptilus Richardson, 1843
  » Species Acanthurus guttatus Forster, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)
  » Species Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927
  » Species Acanthurus leucopareius (Jenkins, 1903)
  » Species Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  » Species Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus maculiceps (Ahl, 1923)
  » Species Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876
  » Species Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929
  » Species Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus nubilus (Fowler & Bean, 1929)
  » Species Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus polyzona (Bleeker, 1868)
  » Species Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  » Species Acanthurus randalli Briggs & Caldwell, 1957
  » Species Acanthurus reversus Randall & Earle, 1999
  » Species Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861
  » Species Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)
  » Species Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860
  » Species Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus tristis Randall, 1993
  » Species Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus elongatus (Lacepède, 1802) (nomen dubium)
  » Species Acanthurus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 represented as Acanthurus triostegus sandvicensis Streets, 1877
  » Species Acanthurus achillas Shaw, 1803 accepted as Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus aliala Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus altivelis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus argenteus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Acanthurus armiger Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834 (synonym)
  » Species Acanthurus aterrimus Günther, 1872 accepted as Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803
  » Species Acanthurus atramentatus (Jordan & Evermann, 1905) accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus bicommatus Smith, 1956 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861 (synonym)
  » Species Acanthurus bipunctatus Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus bleekeri Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus brevis Poey, 1860 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus broussonnetii Desmarest, 1823 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus caeruleus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus carinatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus celebicus Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  » Species Acanthurus chirurgicus (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus chrysosoma Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus coerulus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus crestonis (Jordan & Starks, 1895) accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus ctenodon Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Acanthurus delisiani Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  » Species Acanthurus delisianus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  » Species Acanthurus desjardinii Bennett, 1836 accepted as Zebrasoma desjardinii (Bennett, 1836)
  » Species Acanthurus dussumiere Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus dussumierri Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus eparei Lesson, 1830 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus erythromelas Swainson, 1839 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus flavescens Bennett, 1828 accepted as Zebrasoma flavescens (Bennett, 1828)
  » Species Acanthurus flavoguttatus Kittlitz, 1834 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Acanthurus fuliginosus Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus fuscus Steindachner, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  » Species Acanthurus gahm (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus gemmatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Zebrasoma gemmatum (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Acanthurus glaucoparecius Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus glaucopareius Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus heliodes (Barbour, 1905) accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766) accepted as Paracanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  » Species Acanthurus hirudo Bennett, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus humeralis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus japonica (Schmidt, 1931) accepted as Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus japonicas (Schmidt, 1931) accepted as Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus ketlitzii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Acanthurus kettlitzii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus kingii Bennett, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  » Species Acanthurus lamarrii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus leucosternum Day, 1889 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus leuocheilus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus leuococheilus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus lineolatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus lituratus Forster, 1801 accepted as Naso lituratus (Forster, 1801)
  » Species Acanthurus marginatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus marginatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Acanthurus matoides Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus nigricaudus Duncker & Mohr, 1929 accepted as Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus nigros Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus nummifer Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  » Species Acanthurus pentazona Bleeker, 1850 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus philippinus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)
  » Species Acanthurus phlebotomus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787)
  » Species Acanthurus plagiatus Peters, 1876 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861
  » Species Acanthurus rasi Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus reticulatus Shen & Lim, 1973 accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus rostratus Günther, 1875 accepted as Zebrasoma rostratum (Günther, 1875)
  » Species Acanthurus rubropunctatus Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus ruppelii Swainson, 1839 accepted as Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775) (synonym)
  » Species Acanthurus scopas Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus striatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Acanthurus strigosus Bennett, 1828 accepted as Ctenochaetus strigosus (Bennett, 1828)
  » Species Acanthurus subarmatus Bennett, 1840 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus suillus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus tennenti Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861 (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus theuthis Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Paracanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  » Species Acanthurus triastegus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus triostegust (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  » Species Acanthurus undulatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  » Species Acanthurus unicornis (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Naso unicornis (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Acanthurus velifer Bloch, 1795 accepted as Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Acanthurus violaceus Castelnau, 1855 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Species Acanthurus vittatus Bennett, 1828 accepted as Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Acanthurus weberi Ahl, 1923 accepted as Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Acanthurus xanthurus Blyth, 1852 accepted as Zebrasoma xanthurum (Blyth, 1852)
  » Species Acanthurus zebra Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Genus Ctenochaetus Gill, 1884
  » Species Ctenochaetus binotatus Randall, 1955
  » Species Ctenochaetus cyanocheilus Randall & Clements, 2001
  » Species Ctenochaetus flavicauda Fowler, 1938
  » Species Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis Randall, 1955
  » Species Ctenochaetus marginatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Ctenochaetus strigosus (Bennett, 1828)
  » Species Ctenochaetus tominiensis Randall, 1955
  » Species Ctenochaetus truncatus Randall & Clements, 2001
  » Species Ctenochaetus cyanoguttatus Randall, 1955 accepted as Ctenochaetus marginatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Ctenochaetus magnus Randall, 1955 accepted as Ctenochaetus marginatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Ctenochaetus oculocoeruleus Fourmanoir, 1966 accepted as Ctenochaetus binotatus Randall, 1955
  » Species Ctenochaetus tominienis Randall, 1955 accepted as Ctenochaetus tominiensis Randall, 1955 (misspelling)
Genus Naso Lacepède, 1801
  » Species Naso annulatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Naso brachycentron (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Naso brevirostris (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Naso caeruleacauda Randall, 1994
  » Species Naso caesius Randall & Bell, 1992
  » Species Naso elegans (Rüppell, 1829)
  » Species Naso fageni Morrow, 1954
  » Species Naso hexacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)
  » Species Naso lituratus (Forster, 1801)
  » Species Naso lopezi Herre, 1927
  » Species Naso maculatus Randall & Struhsaker, 1981
  » Species Naso mcdadei Johnson, 2002
  » Species Naso minor (Smith, 1966)
  » Species Naso reticulatus Randall, 2001
  » Species Naso tergus Ho, Shen & Chang, 2011
  » Species Naso thynnoides (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Naso tonganus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Naso tuberosus Lacepède, 1801
  » Species Naso unicolor (Günther, 1861)
  » Species Naso unicornis (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Naso vlamingii (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Naso branchycentron (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Naso brachycentron (Valenciennes, 1835) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso brevirostris (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Naso brevirostris (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Naso herrei Smith, 1966 accepted as Naso annulatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  » Species Naso literatus (Forster, 1801) accepted as Naso lituratus (Forster, 1801) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso lopezii Herre, 1927 accepted as Naso lopezi Herre, 1927 (misspelling)
  » Species Naso macdadei Johnson, 2002 accepted as Naso mcdadei Johnson, 2002 (misspelling)
  » Species Naso rigoletto Smith, 1951 accepted as Naso brachycentron (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Naso thorpei Smith, 1966 accepted as Naso hexacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)
  » Species Naso thynoides (Cuvier, 1829) accepted as Naso thynnoides (Cuvier, 1829) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso valmingi (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Naso vlamingii (Valenciennes, 1835) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso vlamigii (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Naso vlamingii (Valenciennes, 1835) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso vlamingi (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Naso vlamingii (Valenciennes, 1835) (misspelling)
  » Species Naso vomer (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Naso hexacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)
Genus Paracanthurus Bleeker, 1863
Genus Prionurus Lacepède, 1804
Genus Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839
  » Species Zebrasoma desjardinii (Bennett, 1836)
  » Species Zebrasoma flavescens (Bennett, 1828)
  » Species Zebrasoma gemmatum (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Zebrasoma rostratum (Günther, 1875)
  » Species Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Zebrasoma xanthurum (Blyth, 1852)
  » Species Zebrasoma desjardini (Bennett, 1836) accepted as Zebrasoma desjardinii (Bennett, 1836)
  » Species Zebrasoma scopes (Cuvier, 1829) accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829) (misspelling)
  » Species Zebrasoma supraalba Fowler, 1946 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Zebrasoma veliferum (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Zebrasoma xanthurus (Blyth, 1852) accepted as Zebrasoma xanthurum (Blyth, 1852) (misspelling)

Genus Zabrasoma accepted as Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)

Genus Hepatus Scopoli, 1777 (uncertain, Kottelat 2013 requests the Commission to rule that this name be suppressed for the purposes of priority.)
marine, brackish
Not documented
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian...  
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2020). FishBase. Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125515 on 2020-10-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
LanguageName 
English unicornfishestangssurgeonfishes  [details]
Japanese ニザダイ科  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Acanthuridae FIN026096 Slide 35 mm)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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