WoRMS taxon details

Carapidae Poey, 1867

125504  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125504)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Carapinae Poey, 1867
  » Genus Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Echiodon Thompson, 1837
  » Genus Encheliophis Müller, 1842
  » Genus Eurypleuron Markle & Olney, 1990
  » Genus Onuxodon Smith, 1955
  » Genus Diaphasia Lowe, 1843 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Disparichthys Herre, 1935 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Echeliophis accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842 (misspelling)
  » Genus Encheiliophis accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842 (misspelling)
  » Genus Enchelyophis accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842 (misspelling)
  » Genus Fierasfer Oken, 1817 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Lefroyia Jones, 1874 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Leptofierasfer Meek & Hildebrand, 1928 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Oxybeles Richardson, 1846 accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842
  » Genus Porobronchus Kaup, 1860 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Genus Rhizoiketicus Vaillant, 1893 accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842
  » Genus Vexillifer Gasco, 1870 accepted as Carapus Rafinesque, 1810
Subfamily Pyramodontinae Smith, 1955
Subfamily Tetragondacninae Anderson & Satria, 2007

Genus Encheliophiops Reid, 1940 accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842 (synonym)
Genus Jordanicus Gilbert, 1905 accepted as Encheliophis Müller, 1842 (synonym)
marine
Not documented
Distribution Distribution: tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin rays shorter than opposite anal...  
Distribution Distribution: tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin rays shorter than opposite anal rays. Anus of adults and origin of anal fin located behind head and usually under pectoral fin. No scales. Wide gill openings, reaching far forward. Vomerine, palatine and jaw teeth present. No opercular spines. Branchiostegal rays 6-7. No supramaxillary. Vertebrae about 85-145. Vexillum present in larvae. Pearlfishes are free-living (Echiodon), commensal (Carapus, Onuxodon), or parasitic (Encheliophis, Jordanicus), living in association with shallow-water invertebrate hosts (holothurians, bivalves, starfishes), largely in coral-dominated communities. Family members occur in shelf and slope waters of 0-2,000 m depth and range from about 65°N to 60°S. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Carapidae Poey, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125504 on 2018-10-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Distribution Distribution: tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin rays shorter than opposite anal rays. Anus of adults and origin of anal fin located behind head and usually under pectoral fin. No scales. Wide gill openings, reaching far forward. Vomerine, palatine and jaw teeth present. No opercular spines. Branchiostegal rays 6-7. No supramaxillary. Vertebrae about 85-145. Vexillum present in larvae. Pearlfishes are free-living (Echiodon), commensal (Carapus, Onuxodon), or parasitic (Encheliophis, Jordanicus), living in association with shallow-water invertebrate hosts (holothurians, bivalves, starfishes), largely in coral-dominated communities. Family members occur in shelf and slope waters of 0-2,000 m depth and range from about 65°N to 60°S. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English pearlfishes  [details]
Japanese カクレウオ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål snyltefiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk snyltefiskfamilien  [details]