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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraenidae 
AphiaID: 125431

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguilliformes (Order)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguilliformes
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormoray eels  [details]
Direct child
taxa (48)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subfamily Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMuraeninae
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiaphenchelys
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchidna Forster, 1788
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnchelycore Kaup, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnchelynassa Kaup, 1855
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnomuraena Lacepède, 1803
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonopenchelys Bohlke & McCosker, 1982
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraena Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechidna Bleeker, 1863
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhinomuraena Garman, 1889
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrophidon
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAemasia accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnchelycore Kaup, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAhynnodontophis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchidna Forster, 1788
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnchelicore accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnchelycore Kaup, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvenchelys accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrophidon
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnotorax accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteromyrus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLimamuraena accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraena Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLimmamuraena Kaup in Duméril, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraena Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraenophys accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMurenophis Cuvier, 1797 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraena Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMurenophis Cuvier, 1797 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuraena Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeomuraena accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecilophis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchidna Forster, 1788
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPriodonophis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechilna accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechidna Bleeker, 1863
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechina accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechidna Bleeker, 1863
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoechidna accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudechidna Bleeker, 1863
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomuraena accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRabula accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhinomuraea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhinomuraena Garman, 1889
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSidera Kaup in Duméril, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSideria accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSidera Kaup in Duméril, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThryrsoidea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyrsoidea Kaup, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThrysoidea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyrsoidea Kaup, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
Subfamily Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUropterygiinae
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnarchias Jordan & Starks, 1906
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChannomuraena
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrimaxilla
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScuticaria
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUropterygius Rüppell, 1838
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIchthyophis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScuticaria
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUropteryginus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUropterygius Rüppell, 1838

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLycodontis Jordan & Evermann, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiderea Kaup, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyrsoidea Kaup, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnothorax Bloch, 1795
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUropterygus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUropterygius Rüppell, 1838
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Diverse group of eels with large mouths with numerous teeth; often with fanglike (canine) teeth. Dorsal fin origin usually before the gill openings; median fins confluent with caudal fin; no pelvic and pectoral fins. Gill openings as small roundish lateral openings. Head with 1-3 lateral line pores; absent on body. Scaleless. Recorded maximum length 3.0 m. Some morays cause ciguatera fish poisoning. A skin toxin was noted in an Indo-Pacific moray eel. Adults benthic, generally in shallow water among rocks and coral heads; many species are more active at night and hide in holes and crevices during the day. Vicious reputation is undeserved, although some species will bite if provoked. Feed mainly on crustaceans and small fishes. Larvae (leptocephali) epipelagic, widespread and abundant. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125431
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Muraenidae. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125431 on 2014-09-17
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