WoRMS taxon details

Primnoidae Milne Edwards, 1857

125278  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125278)

accepted
Family
Genus Abyssoprimnoa Cairns, 2015
Genus Acanthoprimnoa Cairns & Bayer, 2004
Genus Aglaoprimnoa Bayer, 1996
Genus Ainigmaptilon Dean, 1926
Genus Armadillogorgia Bayer, 1980
Genus Arntzia López-González, Gili & Orejas, 2002
Genus Arthrogorgia Kükenthal, 1908
Genus Australogorgia Cairns & Bayer, 2009
Genus Callogorgia Gray, 1858
  » Species Callogorgia affinis (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia americana Cairns & Bayer, 2002
  » Species Callogorgia arawak Bayer, Cairns, Cordeiro & Pérez, 2014
  » Species Callogorgia chariessa Bayer, 1982
  » Species Callogorgia cristata Aurivillius, 1931
  » Species Callogorgia delta Cairns & Bayer, 2003
  » Species Callogorgia dubia (Thomson & Henderson, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia elegans (Gray, 1870)
  » Species Callogorgia flabellum (Ehrenberg, 1834)
  » Species Callogorgia formosa Kükenthal, 1907
  » Species Callogorgia galapagensis Cairns, 2018
  » Species Callogorgia gilberti (Nutting, 1908)
  » Species Callogorgia gracilis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857)
  » Species Callogorgia grimaldii (Studer, 1890)
  » Species Callogorgia imperialis Cairns in Cairns, Stone, Moon & Lee, 2017
  » Species Callogorgia indica Versluys, 1906
  » Species Callogorgia joubini (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia kinoshitai (Kükenthal, 1913)
  » Species Callogorgia laevis (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911)
  » Species Callogorgia linguimaris Bayer & Cairns, 2003
  » Species Callogorgia minuta (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia modesta (Studer, 1879)
  » Species Callogorgia pennacea (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia pseudoflabellum Song, 1981
  » Species Callogorgia ramosa (Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908)
  » Species Callogorgia robusta (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia sertosa (Wright & Studer, 1889)
  » Species Callogorgia similis (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Callogorgia versluysi (Thomson, 1905)
  » Species Callogorgia verticillata (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Callogorgia compressa Verrill, 1865 accepted as Fanellia compressa (Verrill, 1865) (synonym)
  » Species Callogorgia fraseri (Hickson, 1915) accepted as Fanellia fraseri (Hickson, 1915) (synonym)
  » Species Callogorgia granulosa (Kinoshita, 1907) accepted as Calicogorgia granulosa Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 (synonym)
  » Species Callogorgia granulosa (Kinoshita, 1907) accepted as Fanellia granulosa (Kinoshita, 1907) (synonym)
  » Species Callogorgia kinoshitae Kükenthal, 1913 accepted as Callogorgia kinoshitai (Kükenthal, 1913)
  » Species Callogorgia tuberculata Versluys, 1906 accepted as Fanellia tuberculata (Versluys, 1906) (synonym)
  » Species Callogorgia ventilabrum (Studer, 1878) accepted as Metafannyella ventilabrum (Studer, 1878)
  » Species Callogorgia weltneri (Versluys, 1906) accepted as Callogorgia cristata Aurivillius, 1931 (synonym)
Genus Callozostron Wright, 1885
Genus Calyptrophora Gray, 1866
  » Species Calyptrophora agassizii Studer, 1894
  » Species Calyptrophora alpha Cairns, 2009
  » Species Calyptrophora angularis (Nutting, 1908)
  » Species Calyptrophora antilla Bayer, 2001
  » Species Calyptrophora bayeri Cairns, 2007
  » Species Calyptrophora clarki Bayer, 1951
  » Species Calyptrophora clinata Cairns, 2007
  » Species Calyptrophora cristata Cairns, 2012
  » Species Calyptrophora cucullata Cairns, 2012
  » Species Calyptrophora diaphana Cairns, 2012
  » Species Calyptrophora gerdae Bayer, 2001
  » Species Calyptrophora inornata Cairns, 2012
  » Species Calyptrophora japonica Gray, 1866
  » Species Calyptrophora josephinae (Lindstroem, 1877)
  » Species Calyptrophora juliae Bayer, 1952
  » Species Calyptrophora laevispinosa Cairns, 2007
  » Species Calyptrophora microdentata Pasternak, 1985
  » Species Calyptrophora monticola Cairns, 2007
  » Species Calyptrophora niwa Cairns, 2012
  » Species Calyptrophora persephone Cairns, 2015
  » Species Calyptrophora pileata Cairns, 2009
  » Species Calyptrophora pinnata Cairns, 2007
  » Species Calyptrophora reedi Cairns, 2018
  » Species Calyptrophora spinosa Pasternak, 1984
  » Species Calyptrophora trilepis (Pourtalès, 1868)
  » Species Calyptrophora wyvillei Wright, 1885
  » Species Calyptrophora japonica Nutting, 1908 accepted as Calyptrophora clarki Bayer, 1951 (Synonym)
  » Species Calyptrophora mariae Versluys, 1906 accepted as Paracalyptrophora mariae (Versluys, 1906) (synonym)
  » Species Calyptrophora pillsburyae Bayer, 2001 accepted as Calyptrophora microdentata Pasternak, 1985 (Synonym)
  » Species Calyptrophora versluysi Nutting, 1908 accepted as Calyptrophora agassizii Studer, 1894 (synonym)
Genus Canarya Ocaña & van Ofwegen, 2003
Genus Candidella Bayer, 1954
Genus Convexella Bayer, 1996
Genus Dasystenella Versluys, 1906
Genus Dicholaphis Kinoshita, 1907
Genus Fanellia Gray, 1870
Genus Fannyella Gray, 1872
  » Subgenus Fannyella (Cyathogorgia) Cairns & Bayer, 2009
  » Subgenus Fannyella (Fannyella) Gray, 1872
  » Subgenus Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) Cairns & Bayer, 2009
  » Species Fannyella kukenthali (Molander, 1929) represented as Fannyella (Fannyella) kuekenthali (Molander, 1929)
  » Species Fannyella liouvillei (Gravier, 1913) represented as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) liouvillei (Gravier, 1913)
  » Species Fannyella rossii Gray, 1872 represented as Fannyella (Fannyella) rossii Gray, 1872
  » Species Fannyella spinosa (Thomson & Rennet, 1931) represented as Fannyella (Cyathogorgia) spinosa (Thomson & Rennet, 1931)
    » Forma Fannyella spinosa f. intermediate form Bayer, 1998 (temporary name)
  » Species Fannyella abies Broch, 1965 accepted as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) abies (Broch, 1965) (synonym)
  » Species Fannyella lepidota Bayer, 1998 accepted as Metafannyella lepidota (Bayer, 1998) (Basionym)
  » Species Fannyella nodosa (Molander, 1929) accepted as Onogorgia nodosa (Molander, 1929) (Basionym)
Genus Helicoprimnoa Cairns, 2012
Genus Heptaprimnoa Cairns, 2012
Genus Metafannyella Cairns & Bayer, 2009
Genus Metanarella Cairns, 2012
Genus Microprimnoa Bayer & Stefani, 1989
Genus Mirostenella Bayer, 1988
Genus Narella Gray, 1870
  » Species Narella abyssalis Cairns & Baco, 2007
  » Species Narella alaskensis Cairns & Baco, 2007
  » Species Narella alata Cairns & Bayer, 2007 [2008]
  » Species Narella allmani (Wright & Studer, 1889)
  » Species Narella alvinae Cairns & Bayer, 2003
  » Species Narella ambigua (Studer, 1894)
  » Species Narella arbuscula Cairns & Baco, 2007
  » Species Narella bayeri Cairns & Baco, 2007
  » Species Narella bellissima (Kükenthal, 1915)
  » Species Narella biannulata (Kinoshita, 1907)
  » Species Narella bowersi (Nutting, 1908)
  » Species Narella candidae Taylor & Rogers, 2017
  » Species Narella clavata (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella compressa (Kinoshita, 1908)
  » Species Narella cristata Cairns & Baco, 2007
  » Species Narella dampieri Cairns, 2012
  » Species Narella dichotoma (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella gaussi (Kükenthal, 1912)
  » Species Narella gigas Cairns & Bayer, 2007 [2008]
  » Species Narella gilberti (Thomson, 1911)
  » Species Narella gilchristi (Thomson, 1911)
  » Species Narella grandiflora (Kükenthal, 1907)
  » Species Narella hawaiinensis Cairns & Bayer, 2007 [2008]
  » Species Narella horrida (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella hypsocalyx Cairns, 2012
  » Species Narella irregularis (Kinoshita, 1907)
  » Species Narella japonensis (Aurivillius, 1931)
  » Species Narella japonicus Aurivillius, 1931
  » Species Narella laxa Deichmann, 1936
  » Species Narella leilae Bayer, 1951
  » Species Narella macrocalyx Cairns & Bayer, 2007 [2008]
  » Species Narella megalepis (Kinoshita, 1908)
  » Species Narella mesolepis Cairns, 2012
  » Species Narella mosaica Cairns, 2012
  » Species Narella muzikae Cairns & Bayer, 2007 [2008]
  » Species Narella obscura (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella orientalis (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella ornata Bayer, 1995
  » Species Narella parva (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella pauciflora Deichmann, 1936
  » Species Narella regularis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  » Species Narella spectabilis Cairns & Bayer, 2003
  » Species Narella speighti Taylor & Rogers, 2017
  » Species Narella studeri (Versluys, 1906)
  » Species Narella valentine Taylor & Rogers, 2017
  » Species Narella vermifera Cairns & Bayer, 2007
  » Species Narella versluysi (Hickson, 1909)
  » Species Narella vulgaris Cairns, 2012
  » Species Narella alvinea Cairns & Bayer, 2003 accepted as Narella alvinae Cairns & Bayer, 2003 (Spelling variation)
  » Species Narella angularis (Nutting, 1980) accepted as Calyptrophora angularis (Nutting, 1908) (synonym)
  » Species Narella elegans Tixier-Durivault & Lafargue, 1968 accepted as Narella versluysi (Hickson, 1909) (synonym)
  » Species Narella nuttingi Bayer, 1997 accepted as Narella dichotoma (Versluys, 1906) (Synonym)
  » Species Narella trilepis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Calyptrophora trilepis (Pourtalès, 1868) (synonym)
Genus Narelloides Cairns, 2012
Genus Onogorgia Cairns & Bayer, 2009
Genus Ophidiogorgia Bayer, 1980
Genus Paracalyptrophora Kinoshita, 1908
Genus Paranarella Cairns, 2007
Genus Parastenella Versluys, 1906
Genus Perissogorgia Bayer & Stefani, 1989
Genus Plumarella Gray, 1870
  » Subgenus Plumarella (Faxiella) Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2012
  » Subgenus Plumarella (Verticillata) Zapata-Guardiola, López-González & Gili, 2013
  » Species Plumarella abietina (Studer, 1894)
  » Species Plumarella aculeata Cairns & Bayer, 2004
  » Species Plumarella acuminata Kinoshita, 1908
  » Species Plumarella adhaerans Nutting, 1912
  » Species Plumarella alba Kinoshita, 1908
  » Species Plumarella aleutiana Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella alternata (Nutting, 1912)
  » Species Plumarella aurea (Deichmann, 1936)
  » Species Plumarella bayeri (Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010)
  » Species Plumarella castellviae Zapata-Guardiola, López-González & Gili, 2013
  » Species Plumarella circumoperculum Cairns, 2010
  » Species Plumarella delicatissima Wright & Studer, 1889
  » Species Plumarella dentata Thomson & Russell, 1910
  » Species Plumarella diadema (Cairns, 2006)
  » Species Plumarella dichotoma Cairns & Bayer, 2004
  » Species Plumarella dofleini Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908
  » Species Plumarella echinata Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella flabellata Versluys, 1906
  » Species Plumarella gracilis Kinoshita, 1908
  » Species Plumarella hapala Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella laevis Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
  » Species Plumarella lata Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908
  » Species Plumarella laxiramosa Cairns & Bayer, 2004
  » Species Plumarella longispina Kinoshita, 1908
  » Species Plumarella nuttingi Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella pellucida Cairns & Bayer, 2004
  » Species Plumarella penna (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Plumarella pourtalesii (Verrill, 1883)
  » Species Plumarella profunda Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella recta (Nutting, 1912)
  » Species Plumarella rigida Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908
  » Species Plumarella robusta Cairns, 2011
  » Species Plumarella spicata Nutting, 1912
  » Species Plumarella spinosa Kinoshita, 1907
  » Species Plumarella superba (Nutting, 1912)
  » Species Plumarella undulata (Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010)
  » Species Plumarella serta (Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908) accepted as Acanthoprimnoa serta (Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908) (synonym)
Genus Primnoa Lamouroux, 1812
  » Species Primnoa bisquama Taylor & Rogers, 2017
  » Species Primnoa costata Nielsen, 1913 †
  » Species Primnoa gracilis Nielsen, 1925 †
  » Species Primnoa notialis Cairns & Bayer, 2005
  » Species Primnoa pacifica Kinoshita, 1907
  » Species Primnoa resedaeformis (Gunnerus, 1763)
  » Species Primnoa wingi Cairns & Bayer, 2005
  » Species Primnoa carinata Kinoshita, 1908 accepted as Acanthoprimnoa cristata (Kükenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoa flabellum Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Callogorgia flabellum (Ehrenberg, 1834) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoa plumatilis (Milne Edwards, 1857) accepted as Pterostenella plumatilis (Milne Edwards, 1857) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoa regularis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Narella regularis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoa reseda (Pallas) accepted as Primnoa resedaeformis (Gunnerus, 1763) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoa willeyi Hickson, 1915 accepted as Primnoa pacifica Kinoshita, 1907 (synonym)
Genus Primnocapsa Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2012
Genus Primnoeides Studer & Wright, 1887
Genus Primnoella Gray, 1858
  » Species Primnoella antarctica Kükenthal, 1907
  » Species Primnoella australasiae (Grey, 1850)
  » Species Primnoella chilensis (Phillipi, 1894)
  » Species Primnoella delicatissima Kükenthal, 1909
  » Species Primnoella distans Studer, 1879
  » Species Primnoella divaricata (Studer, 1879)
  » Species Primnoella gracilis Molander, 1929
  » Species Primnoella grandisquamis Wright & Studer, 1889
  » Species Primnoella jungerseni Madsen, 1944
  » Species Primnoella kukenthali Gravier, 1914
  » Species Primnoella laevis (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911)
  » Species Primnoella polita Deichmann, 1936
  » Species Primnoella scotiae Thomson & Ritchie, 1906
  » Species Primnoella vanhoffen Kükenthal, 1909
  » Species Primnoella biserialis Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Primnoella chilensis (Phillipi, 1894) (Synonym)
  » Species Primnoella compressa Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Primnoella scotiae Thomson & Ritchie, 1906 (Synonym)
  » Species Primnoella delicata Kinoshita, 1907 accepted as Dicholaphis delicata Kinoshita, 1907 (synonym)
  » Species Primnoella divergens Hickson, 1907 accepted as Convexella magelhaenica (Studer, 1879) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoella flagellum Studer, 1878 accepted as Convexella magelhaenica (Studer, 1879) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoella indica Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Callogorgia formosa Kükenthal, 1907 (Junior secondary homonym of P. indica Verrill, 1906)
  » Species Primnoella magelhaenica Studer, 1878 accepted as Convexella magelhaenica (Studer, 1879) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoella murrayi Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Convexella murrayi (Wright & Studer, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Primnoella philippi Aurivillius, 1931 accepted as Primnoella chilensis (Phillipi, 1894) (Synonym)
  » Species Primnoella vanhoefeni Kükenthal, 1912 accepted as Onogorgia nodosa (Molander, 1929) (Synonym)
  » Species Primnoella vanhoeffeni Kükenthal, 1909 accepted as Convexella magelhaenica (Studer, 1879) (synonym)
Genus Pseudoplumarella Kükenthal, 1915
Genus Pterostenella Versluys, 1906
Genus Pyrogorgia Cairns & Bayer, 2009
Genus Scopaegorgia Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
Genus Tauroprimnoa Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
Genus Thouarella Gray, 1870
  » Subgenus Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) Kinoshita, 1908
  » Subgenus Thouarella (Epithouarella) Kükenthal, 1915
  » Subgenus Thouarella (Euthouarella) Kükenthal, 1915
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) grasshoffi Cairns, 2006
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) hilgendorfi (Studer, 1879)
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) longispinosa Kükenthal, 1912
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) moseleyi Wright & Studer, 1889
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) tydemani Versluys, 1906
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) typica Kinoshita, 1907
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) abies Broch, 1965 accepted as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) abies (Broch, 1965)
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) carinata Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) flabellata Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906
    » Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) tenuisquamis Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906
  » Subgenus Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) andeep Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) bipinnata Cairns, 2006
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) clavata Kükenthal, 1908
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) hicksoni Thomson, J.S., 1911
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) minuta Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) pendulina (Roule, 1908)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) sardana Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) striata Kükenthal, 1907
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) alternata Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella alternata (Nutting, 1912)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) bayeri Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010 accepted as Plumarella bayeri (Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) diadema Cairns, 2006 accepted as Plumarella diadema (Cairns, 2006)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) recta Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella recta (Nutting, 1912)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) undulata Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010 accepted as Plumarella undulata (Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010)
    » Species Thouarella (Thouarella) versluysi Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906)
  » Species Thouarella biserialis (Nutting, 1908)
  » Species Thouarella cristata Cairns, 2011
  » Species Thouarella dispersa Kükenthal, 1912
  » Species Thouarella goesi (Aurivillius, 1931)
  » Species Thouarella grandiflora Kükenthal, 1912
  » Species Thouarella parachilensis Taylor, Cairns, Agnew & Rogers, 2013
  » Species Thouarella regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889)
  » Species Thouarella taylorae Cairns in Cairns, Stone, Moon & Lee, 2017
  » Species Thouarella trilineata Cairns, 2011
  » Species Thouarella vitjaz Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2012
  » Species Thouarella antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846) represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846)
  » Species Thouarella coronata (Kinoshita, 1908) represented as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) coronata (Kinoshita, 1908)
  » Subgenus Thouarella (Parathouarella) accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870
  » Species Thouarella abies Broch, 1965 accepted as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) abies (Broch, 1965) (Synonym)
  » Species Thouarella acanthina Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Dasystenella acanthina (Wright & Studer, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Thouarella attenuata Kükenthal, 1924 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) alternata Nutting, 1912 (synonym)
  » Species Thouarella regularis Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) tenuisquamis Kükenthal, 1908 (Junior homonym)
  » Species Thouarella superba (Nutting, 1912) accepted as Plumarella superba (Nutting, 1912)
Genus Tokoprymno Bayer, 1996

Genus Amphilaphis Studer & Wright, 1887 accepted as Thouarella Gray, 1870
  » Species Amphilaphis abietina Studer, 1894 accepted as Plumarella abietina (Studer, 1894)
  » Species Amphilaphis biserialis Nutting, 1908 accepted as Thouarella biserialis (Nutting, 1908)
  » Species Amphilaphis dispersa (Kükenthal, 1912) accepted as Thouarella dispersa Kükenthal, 1912
  » Species Amphilaphis grandiflora (Kükenthal, 1912) accepted as Thouarella grandiflora Kükenthal, 1912
  » Species Amphilaphis parva Kinoshita, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) parva (Kinoshita, 1908) (Synonym)
  » Species Amphilaphis plumacea Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911 accepted as Primnocapsa plumacea (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911)
  » Species Amphilaphis regularis Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Thouarella regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889)
  » Species Amphilaphis superbum Nutting, 1912 accepted as Thouarella superba (Nutting, 1912) (synonym)
Genus Ascolepsis accepted as Fannyella (Fannyella) Gray, 1872 (misspelling of Ascolepis )
  » Species Ascolepsis splendens Thomson & Rennet, 1931 accepted as Fannyella (Fannyella) rossii Gray, 1872 (misspelling of Ascolepis splendens)
Genus Caligorgia Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Callogorgia Gray, 1858 (synonym)
Genus Callirrhabdos Philippi, 1894 accepted as Primnoella Gray, 1858 (Synonym)
Genus Digitogorgia Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010 accepted as Primnoeides Studer & Wright, 1887
Genus Diplocalyptra Kinoshita, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) Kinoshita, 1908
Genus Lycurus Molander, 1929 accepted as Ainigmaptilon Dean, 1926 (Synonym)
Genus Parathouarella Kükenthal, 1915 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870 (Synonym)
Genus Primnodendron Nutting, 1912 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870 (Synonym)
Genus Rhopalonella Roule, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870 (Synonym)
Genus Stachyodes Wright & Studer, 1887 accepted as Narella Gray, 1870
Genus Stenella Gray, 1870 accepted as Candidella Bayer, 1954
marine
Cordeiro, R.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2018). World List of Octocorallia. Primnoidae Milne Edwards, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125278 on 2018-02-20
Date
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2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-07-16 06:29:22Z
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2009-09-15 07:19:11Z
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2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
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basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Daly, M., M.R. Brugler, P. Cartwright, A.G. Collins, M.N. Dawson, D.G. Fautin, S.C. France, C.S. McFadden, D.M. Opresko, E. Rodriquez, S.L. Romano, J.L. Stake. (2007). The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa. (1668): 127-182., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2007f/zt01668p182.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., and Bayer, F.M., 2009. A generic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the Primnoidae (Cnidaria:Octocorallia). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 629. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington DC (USA). 79 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 



LanguageName 
Japanese オオキンヤギ  [details]