WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha Baird, 1846

115427

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:115427

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha depressa (Baird, 1837) (type by original designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarillus Goodsir, 1845 (although a senior synonym of Alteutha, this was treated as a nomen oblitum by Huys, 2010)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterope Goodsir, 1845 (although a senior synonym of Alteutha, this was treated as a nomen oblitum by Huys, 2010)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha aberrans Czerniavski, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha alsagopu Gómez & Varela, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha armata Krichagin, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha crenulata (Brady, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha depressa (Baird, 1837)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha dubia Scott T., 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha interrupta (Goodsir, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha langi Monk, 1941
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha litoralis Pallares, 1968
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha nana Brady, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha novaezealandiae (Brady, 1899)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha oblonga (Goodsir, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha ovalis (Goodsir, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha polarsternae Dahms, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha potter Veit-Koehler, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha rara Jakobi, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha roeae Hicks, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha sarsi Monard, 1924
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha sewelli Krishnaswamy, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha signata Brady, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha spinicauda Nicholls, 1941
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha trisetosa Lang, 1936
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha typica Czerniavski, 1868

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha messinensis Claus, 1885 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha messinensis messinensis Claus, 1885

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha austrina Scott T., 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha depressa (Baird, 1837) (junior subjective synonym according to Hicks, 1982)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha bopyroides Claus, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha interrupta (Goodsir, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha norvegica Boeck, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha interrupta (Goodsir, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha purpurocincta Norman, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupelte purpurocincta (Norman, 1869)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteutha villosa Brady, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupelte villosa (Brady, 1910)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Goodsir (1845) established the genus Sterope...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Goodsir (1845) established the genus Sterope Goodsir, 1845 for three new species, S. ovalis, S. armatus and S. interruptus, and created another genus, Carrillus Goodsir, 1845, for the type and only species C. oblongus Goodsir, 1845. Boeck (1865: 272) synonymized Carillus [subsequent emendation of Carrillus Goodsir, 1845 by Vosmaer (1885: 218)] with Alteutha Baird, 1846b (type species: Cyclops depressus Baird, 1837). Similarly, Claus (1889: 6) regarded Sterope also as a synonym of Alteutha. Both A. oblonga (Goodsir, 1845) and A. interrupta (Goodsir, 1845) are now considered valid species while S. ovalis and S. armatus are treated as species incertae sedis in Alteutha (Wells 2007: 77). However, both Sterope and Carillus are senior subjective synonyms of Alteutha. Although the publication date is usually quoted as 1845 (Lang 1948; Wells 2007), in reality Baird’s (1846b: 155) diagnosis was not published until June 1846 while Goodsir’s genera were published in November 1845 and hence, in accordance with the Principle of Priority, take precedence over Alteutha. In the interest of nomenclatural stability, prevailing usage can be maintained since both senior synonyms have not been used as valid names since 1899 (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.1) and Alteutha has been used as a valid name in at least 25 works, published by at least 10 authors in the last 50 years (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.2) [e.g. Por 1960a; Wiborg 1964; Lang 1965; Pallares 1968a; Fives 1969; Apostolov 1973; Gharagozlou-Van Ginneken 1976; Wells 1976, 2007; Hicks 1977, 1982, 1986a; Coffin 1981; McClelland 1982; Apostolov & Marinov 1988; Dahms 1992, 1993a; Song & Chang 1995; Huys et al. 1996; Bodin 1997; Mitwally & Montagna 2001; Apostolov & Pandourski 2002; Duggan et al. 2006; Kane 2007; Michels 2007; Veit-Köhler & Fuentes 2007a, 2007b]. In accordance with ICZN Art. 23.9.2 the junior synonym Alteutha Baird, 1846b is considered the valid name (nomen protectum) which has precedence over the older names Sterope Goodsir, 1845 and Carillus Goodsir, 1845 (nomina oblita). Since this is a case of subjective synonymy, whenever Sterope and/or Carillus are not regarded as synonyms of Alteutha, the older synonyms may be used as valid names (ICZN Art. 23.9.2).
It should also be noted that Dana (1854: 1179) proposed the subfamily Steropinae for the genera Zaus Goodsir, 1845 and Sterope (type genus) (he is less explicit about the inclusion of Porcellidium Claus, 1860). This family-group name is a senior subjective synonym of the name Peltidiidae (type genus Peltidium Philippi, 1839) which is generally attributed to Sars (1904b) (e.g. Lang 1948; Seifried 2003; Boxshall & Halsey 2004). Wells (2007: 101) recently pointed out that the authorship and date of the name lies with Claus (1860: 5) who first published it in vernacular format as “Familie der Peltidien” and subsequently latinized it – as Peltididae or Peltidinae – in his later work (Claus 1862: 89; 1863: 92, 137; 1891: 429). However, in none of these contributions did Claus make the name Peltidiidae available since a family-group name when first published must be formed from the stem of an available generic name then used as valid in the new family- group taxon; the use of the stem alone in forming the name is only accepted as evidence that the author used the generic name as valid in the new family-group taxon if there is no evidence to the contrary (ICZN Art. 11.7.1.1). Claus (1860, 1862, 1863, 1891) did not include Peltidium as a valid genus in his family-group name but regarded it a possible synonym of Oniscidium Claus, 1860 (one of the five genera included, the others being Alteutha, Porcellidium, Zaus and Eupelte Claus, 1860). The first author to make the name Peltidiidae available is Boeck (1873: 58) who proposed the subfamily Peltidinae in the family Harpactidae, accommodating the genera Peltidium (including its junior synonym Oniscidium), Scutellidium Claus, 1866 and Aspediscus [sic] Norman, 1869.
Since the name Steropinae has not been used [details]
Walter, T. Chad; Boxshall, G.; Huys, R. (2015). Alteutha Baird, 1846. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=115427 on 2017-11-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-11-24 20:04:04Z
changed
2011-11-15 15:58:27Z
changed
2015-02-23 08:14:28Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



basis of record Huys, R. (2001). Copepoda - Harpacticoida, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 268-280 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huys, R. (2009). Unresolved cases of type fixation, synonymy and homonymy in harpacticoid copepod nomenclature (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zootaxa. 2183:1-99., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/2/zt02183p099.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bodin, P. (1997). Catalogue of the new marine harpacticoid copepods. 1997 edition. Studiedocumenten van het K.B.I.N. = Documents de Travail de l'I.R.Sc.N.B., 89. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 304 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 155 [details]   

additional source Baird, W. (1845). Arrangement of the British Entomostraca, with a list of species, particularly noticing those which have as yet been discovered within the bounds of the Club. Hist. Berwicksh. Nat. Club 2:145-158.
page(s): 155 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarillus Goodsir, 1845) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarillus Goodsir, 1845) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterope Goodsir, 1845) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterope Goodsir, 1845) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Goodsir (1845) established the genus Sterope Goodsir, 1845 for three new species, S. ovalis, S. armatus and S. interruptus, and created another genus, Carrillus Goodsir, 1845, for the type and only species C. oblongus Goodsir, 1845. Boeck (1865: 272) synonymized Carillus [subsequent emendation of Carrillus Goodsir, 1845 by Vosmaer (1885: 218)] with Alteutha Baird, 1846b (type species: Cyclops depressus Baird, 1837). Similarly, Claus (1889: 6) regarded Sterope also as a synonym of Alteutha. Both A. oblonga (Goodsir, 1845) and A. interrupta (Goodsir, 1845) are now considered valid species while S. ovalis and S. armatus are treated as species incertae sedis in Alteutha (Wells 2007: 77). However, both Sterope and Carillus are senior subjective synonyms of Alteutha. Although the publication date is usually quoted as 1845 (Lang 1948; Wells 2007), in reality Baird’s (1846b: 155) diagnosis was not published until June 1846 while Goodsir’s genera were published in November 1845 and hence, in accordance with the Principle of Priority, take precedence over Alteutha. In the interest of nomenclatural stability, prevailing usage can be maintained since both senior synonyms have not been used as valid names since 1899 (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.1) and Alteutha has been used as a valid name in at least 25 works, published by at least 10 authors in the last 50 years (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.2) [e.g. Por 1960a; Wiborg 1964; Lang 1965; Pallares 1968a; Fives 1969; Apostolov 1973; Gharagozlou-Van Ginneken 1976; Wells 1976, 2007; Hicks 1977, 1982, 1986a; Coffin 1981; McClelland 1982; Apostolov & Marinov 1988; Dahms 1992, 1993a; Song & Chang 1995; Huys et al. 1996; Bodin 1997; Mitwally & Montagna 2001; Apostolov & Pandourski 2002; Duggan et al. 2006; Kane 2007; Michels 2007; Veit-Köhler & Fuentes 2007a, 2007b]. In accordance with ICZN Art. 23.9.2 the junior synonym Alteutha Baird, 1846b is considered the valid name (nomen protectum) which has precedence over the older names Sterope Goodsir, 1845 and Carillus Goodsir, 1845 (nomina oblita). Since this is a case of subjective synonymy, whenever Sterope and/or Carillus are not regarded as synonyms of Alteutha, the older synonyms may be used as valid names (ICZN Art. 23.9.2).
It should also be noted that Dana (1854: 1179) proposed the subfamily Steropinae for the genera Zaus Goodsir, 1845 and Sterope (type genus) (he is less explicit about the inclusion of Porcellidium Claus, 1860). This family-group name is a senior subjective synonym of the name Peltidiidae (type genus Peltidium Philippi, 1839) which is generally attributed to Sars (1904b) (e.g. Lang 1948; Seifried 2003; Boxshall & Halsey 2004). Wells (2007: 101) recently pointed out that the authorship and date of the name lies with Claus (1860: 5) who first published it in vernacular format as “Familie der Peltidien” and subsequently latinized it – as Peltididae or Peltidinae – in his later work (Claus 1862: 89; 1863: 92, 137; 1891: 429). However, in none of these contributions did Claus make the name Peltidiidae available since a family-group name when first published must be formed from the stem of an available generic name then used as valid in the new family- group taxon; the use of the stem alone in forming the name is only accepted as evidence that the author used the generic name as valid in the new family-group taxon if there is no evidence to the contrary (ICZN Art. 11.7.1.1). Claus (1860, 1862, 1863, 1891) did not include Peltidium as a valid genus in his family-group name but regarded it a possible synonym of Oniscidium Claus, 1860 (one of the five genera included, the others being Alteutha, Porcellidium, Zaus and Eupelte Claus, 1860). The first author to make the name Peltidiidae available is Boeck (1873: 58) who proposed the subfamily Peltidinae in the family Harpactidae, accommodating the genera Peltidium (including its junior synonym Oniscidium), Scutellidium Claus, 1866 and Aspediscus [sic] Norman, 1869.
Since the name Steropinae has not been used [details]
 



Alteutha depressa from Sars, G.O. 1904
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Alteutha depressa f...
[image from typetaxon]