WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBowerbankia gracilis Leidy, 1855

111665  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:111665)

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Leidy, J. (1855). Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 3(2) no. 11: 135-152, pls. 10-11. (xii-1855)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36848120 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: Eastern Bradelle Valley); middle North Shore (from Sept- Iles to Cape Whittle, including the Mingan Islands); Florida [details]
Bock, P.; Gordon, D.; Hayward, P. (2017). Bowerbankia gracilis Leidy, 1855. In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2017). World List of Bryozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=111665 on 2017-12-13

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-01 08:42:39Z
checked
2015-07-22 01:49:02Z
changed

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original description Leidy, J. (1855). Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 3(2) no. 11: 135-152, pls. 10-11. (xii-1855)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36848120 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hayward, P.J. (2001). Bryozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 325-333 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gordon, D. P.; Taylor, P. D.; Bigey, F. P. (2009). Phylum Bryozoa: moss animals, sea mats, lace corals. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 271-297. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Loppens, K. (1906). Bryozoaires marins et fluviatiles de la Belgique. Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique et Malacologique de Belgique 41: 286-321. [details]   

additional source Lacourt, A.W. (1949). Bryozoa of the Netherlands. Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie. 8(3): 1-33. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

additional source De_blauwe, H. (2009). Mosdiertjes van de Zuidelijke Bocht van de Noordzee: Determinatiewerk voor België en Nederland. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee, Oostende. 464., available online at http://www.vliz.be/en/imis?module=ref&refid=138282 [details]   

additional source Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

new combination reference Waeschenbach, A.; Vieira, L. M.; Reverter Gil, O.; Souto Derungs, J.; Nascimento, K. B.; Fehlauer Ale, K. H. (2015). A phylogeny of Vesiculariidae (Bryozoa, Ctenostomata) supports synonymization of three genera and reveals possible cryptic diversity. Zoologica Scripta. , available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12130 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDiet Small microorganisms, including diatoms and other unicellular algae. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: Eastern Bradelle Valley); middle North Shore (from Sept- Iles to Cape Whittle, including the Mingan Islands); Florida [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators grazing organisms such as sea urchins and fish; also subject to competition and overgrowth from sponges, algae, and tunicates [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction sexual and asexual; bryozoan colonies consist of replicated series of zooids, each budded asexually from a predecessor. The founding zooid metamorphoses from the sexually produced larva. Hermaphroditic. [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]