WoRMS taxon details

Parasmittina Osburn, 1952

110978  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110978)

accepted
Genus
Species Parasmittina abrolhosensis Ramalho, Taylor & Moraes, 2018
Species Parasmittina acondylata Dick, Ngai & Doan, 2020
Species Parasmittina aculeata Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina acuta (Canu & Bassler, 1929)
Species Parasmittina alanbanneri Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina alaskensis Osburn, 1952
Species Parasmittina alba Ramalho, Muricy & Taylor, 2011
Species Parasmittina aleutensis Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina amazonensis Ramalho & Moraes, 2021
Species Parasmittina anderseni Cheetham & Sandberg, 1964
Species Parasmittina aotea (Brown, 1952)
Species Parasmittina areolata (Canu & Bassler, 1927)
Species Parasmittina atypica (Powell, 1967)
Species Parasmittina avicularissima Gontar, 1982
Species Parasmittina aviculifera Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina aviculifera (d'Hondt, 1986)
Species Parasmittina baccula Hayward & Winston, 2011
Species Parasmittina barbadensis Winston & Woollacott, 2009
Species Parasmittina betamorphaea Winston, 2005
Species Parasmittina bimucronata (Hincks, 1884)
Species Parasmittina breli d'Hondt & Mascarell, 2010
Species Parasmittina californica (Robertson, 1908)
Species Parasmittina californiensis (Robertson, 1908)
Species Parasmittina cheilodon (MacGillivray, 1869)
Species Parasmittina circinanata Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina circularis Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina collifera (Robertson, 1908)
Species Parasmittina contraria Seo, 1992
Species Parasmittina crosslandi (Hastings, 1930)
Species Parasmittina cryptoavicularia Baradari, Nasrolahi & Taylor, 2019
Species Parasmittina delicatula (Busk, 1884)
Species Parasmittina dentigera (Harmer, 1957)
Species Parasmittina dependeo Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina distincta Ramalho, Taylor. & Moraes, 2018
Species Parasmittina dolabrata Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina dubitata Hayward, 1980
Species Parasmittina echinata Canu & Bassler, 1928
Species Parasmittina egyptiaca (Waters, 1909)
Species Parasmittina emersoni Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina erecta Gordon & d'Hondt, 1997
Species Parasmittina exasperatrix d'Hondt, 1986
Species Parasmittina exiguiuncinata Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina fistulata (Harmer, 1957)
Species Parasmittina floridana Winston, 2005
Species Parasmittina fraseri Osburn, 1952
Species Parasmittina galerita Ryland & Hayward, 1992
Species Parasmittina geometrica (Kirkpatrick, 1890)
Species Parasmittina glabra Gordon & d'Hondt, 1997
Species Parasmittina glomerata (Thornely, 1912)
Species Parasmittina hanzawae Kataoka, 1960
Species Parasmittina hastingsae Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina ilioensis Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina inalienata Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina indiginella Winston, 2016
Species Parasmittina japonica (Ortmann, 1890)
Species Parasmittina jeffreysi (Norman, 1876)
Species Parasmittina kauaiensis Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina labellum (Canu & Bassler, 1928)
Species Parasmittina latiavicularia (Kirkpatrick, 1888)
Species Parasmittina lavela Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina leviavicularia Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina livingstonei (Powell, 1967)
Species Parasmittina longirostrata Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina loxa (Marcus, 1937)
Species Parasmittina loxoides Winston, Vieira & Woollacott, 2014
Species Parasmittina macginitiei Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina macphersonae Powell, 1967
Species Parasmittina margaritata Hayward, 1988
Species Parasmittina marsupialis (Busk, 1884)
Species Parasmittina mauritiana Hayward, 1988
Species Parasmittina mexicana Pouyet & Herrera-Anduaga, 1986
Species Parasmittina multiaviculata Souto, Ramalhosa & Canning-Clode, 2016
Species Parasmittina munita (Hincks, 1884)
Species Parasmittina murarmata (Kirkpatrick, 1888)
Species Parasmittina nasuta (Harmer, 1957)
Species Parasmittina natalensis O'Donoghue, 1957
Species Parasmittina nitida (Verrill, 1875)
Species Parasmittina novella Hayward & Cook, 1983
Species Parasmittina obstructa (Waters, 1889)
Species Parasmittina oculinae Winston, 2016
Species Parasmittina onychorrhyncha Ryland & Hayward, 1992
Species Parasmittina ornata (Thornely, 1912)
Species Parasmittina ovilirata Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina papulata Harmer, 1957
Species Parasmittina paradicei (Livingstone, 1926)
Species Parasmittina parsevaliformis Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina parsevalii (Audouin, 1826)
Species Parasmittina parsevalioidea Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina parsloeparsloei Hayward & Parker, 1994
Species Parasmittina parvitatis Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina parviuncinata Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina pectinata Hayward & Parker, 1994
Species Parasmittina pinctatae Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina projecta (Okada & Mawatari, 1937)
Species Parasmittina protecta (Thornely, 1905)
Species Parasmittina proximoproducta Moyano, 1983
Species Parasmittina pugetensis Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina pyriformis Seo, 2002
Species Parasmittina raigiformis Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina raigii (Audouin, 1826)
Species Parasmittina raigioidea Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina recidiva Hayward, 1988
Species Parasmittina regularis Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina rimula Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina rostriformis (Kirkpatrick, 1888)
Species Parasmittina rouvillei (Calvet, 1902)
Species Parasmittina santacruzana Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina serrula Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina serruloides Harmelin, Bitar & Zibrowius, 2009
Species Parasmittina simpulata Winston, Vieira & Woollacott, 2014
Species Parasmittina solenosmilioides Hayward & Parker, 1994
Species Parasmittina soulesi Scholz & Cusi, 1993
Species Parasmittina spathulata (Smitt, 1873)
Species Parasmittina spiculata Gluhak, Lewis & Popijak, 2007
Species Parasmittina spondylicola Harmelin, Bitar & Zibrowius, 2009
Species Parasmittina subtubulata (Harmer, 1957)
Species Parasmittina talismani (Calvet, 1907)
Species Parasmittina tatianae Denisenko, 2015
Species Parasmittina triangularis (Mawatari, 1952)
Species Parasmittina trianguliforma Soule & Soule, 2002
Species Parasmittina trispinosa (Johnston, 1838)
Species Parasmittina tropica (Waters, 1909)
Species Parasmittina trunculata Tilbrook, 2006
Species Parasmittina tubula (Kirkpatrick, 1888)
Species Parasmittina tubulata Osburn, 1952
Species Parasmittina turbula Ryland & Hayward, 1992
Species Parasmittina uncinata Soule & Soule, 1973
Species Parasmittina vacuramosa Lu, Nie & Zhong in Lu, 1991
Species Parasmittina variabilis Liu, 2001
Species Parasmittina winstonae Liu, 2001

Species Parasmittina ensifera (Maplestone, 1909) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Parasmittina cautela Hayward, 1988 accepted as Smittoidea cautela (Hayward, 1988) (Basionym)
Species Parasmittina crosslandii (Hastings, 1930) accepted as Parasmittina crosslandi (Hastings, 1930)
Species Parasmittina egytiaca accepted as Parasmittina egyptiaca (Waters, 1909)
Species Parasmittina hexaspinosa Uttley & Bullivant, 1972 accepted as Hemismittoidea hexaspinosa (Uttley & Bullivant, 1972) (Basionym)
Species Parasmittina hymanae Rogick, 1956 accepted as Exochella hymanae (Rogick, 1956)
Species Parasmittina kirkpatricki Hayward, 1988 accepted as Hemismittoidea kirkpatricki (Hayward, 1988) (Basionym)
Species Parasmittina marginata (Canu & Bassler, 1929) accepted as Smittoidea marginata (Canu & Bassler, 1929) (Superseded combination)
Species Parasmittina parasevalii accepted as Parasmittina parsevalii (Audouin, 1826)
Species Parasmittina pluriavicularis Moyano, 1982 accepted as Smittoidea pluriavicularis (Moyano, 1982) (Basionym)
Species Parasmittina signata accepted as Pleurocodonellina signata (Waters, 1889)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Osburn, R. C. (1952). Bryozoa of the Pacific Coast of America, Part 2, Cheilostomata-Ascophora. <em>Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions.</em> 14(2), 271-611., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11203793#page/285/mode/1up
page(s): 411 [details]   
Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2021). World List of Bryozoa. Parasmittina Osburn, 1952. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110978 on 2021-04-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2019-09-17 06:07:24Z
changed
2020-02-12 07:51:00Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Osburn, R. C. (1952). Bryozoa of the Pacific Coast of America, Part 2, Cheilostomata-Ascophora. <em>Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions.</em> 14(2), 271-611., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11203793#page/285/mode/1up
page(s): 411 [details]   

basis of record Hayward, P.J. (2001). Bryozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 325-333 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gordon, D. P.; Taylor, P. D.; Bigey, F. P. (2009). Phylum Bryozoa: moss animals, sea mats, lace corals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 271-297. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 089479)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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