WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1766)

110377

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110377

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBonellia fabricii Diesing, 1851 (junior objective synonym of Holothuria forcipata Fabricius, 1780 (now Echiurus forcipatus))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus forcipatus (Fabricius, 1780) (junior subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus luetkenii Diesing, 1859 (junior subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus pallasii (Guérin-Méneville, 1831) (junior objective synonym (of Thalassema (Echiurus) pallasii))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus vulgaris (Savigny, 1822) (junior subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalassema echiura (Pallas, 1766) (superseded subsequent combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalassema vulgaris Savigny, 1822 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus echiurus Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. 1766. Lumbricus echiurus. Miscellania Zoologica. Hagae Comitum. p. 146-151, 1 pl., 6 figs. [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is widely distributed in the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is widely distributed in the arctic both in the Northern part of the North Atlantic and in the North Pacific. It is found as far south as at 45,0 N. Lat. it is especiallly common in Danish waters, the North sea, and is reported from the Channel both from England, Belgium and France; from the Atlantic coast of France it is only reported once from Charente- Inférieure. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley) [details]
Pilger, John F.; Murina, G. (2014). Echiurus echiurus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110377 on 2017-11-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-04 16:37:03Z
changed
2008-08-08 08:28:57Z
checked
2014-08-05 13:52:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus echiurus Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. 1766. Lumbricus echiurus. Miscellania Zoologica. Hagae Comitum. p. 146-151, 1 pl., 6 figs. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1847). Etudes sur les types inférieurs de l'embranchement des Annelés. Mémoire sur l'Echiure de Gaertner (Echiurus gaertnerii Nob.). Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, 3rd Series, Zoologie. 7: 307-343, plate 6., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13406375
page(s): 309 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBonellia fabricii Diesing, 1851) Diesing, C. M. (1851). Systema Helminthum. Vol. II. Wilhelmum Braumüller, Vindobonae., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101210#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 75 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus luetkenii Diesing, 1859) Diesing, K. M. (1859). Revision der Rhyngodeen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 37: 719–782., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30207#page/789/mode/1up
page(s): 777 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalassema vulgaris Savigny, 1822) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1-128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 102 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Echiura, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 178 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1-41, 4 Pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Murina, Vantsetti. List of Echiura. [details]   

additional source Satô, H. (1939). Studies on the Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea and Priapuloidea of Japan. Science Reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Fourth Series, Biology. 14 (4): 339–460, plates XIX–XXIII. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Cutler, E.B. (2009). Phylum Echiura: spoon worms, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 308-311. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Wesenberg-Lund, E. (1933). The collections of gephyreans in the Royal Museum of Natural History of Belgium. Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. 9(6): 1–16., available online at http://biblio.naturalsciences.be/rbins-publications/bulletin-of-the-royal-belgian-natural-history-museum/bulletin-of-the-royal-belgian-natural-history-museum-1930-1948/wesenberg-lund_collections_1933 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus forcipatus (Fabricius, 1780)) Diesing, K. M. (1859). Revision der Rhyngodeen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 37: 719–782., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30207#page/789/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus luetkenii Diesing, 1859) Stephen, A. C., Edmonds, S. J. (1972). The Phyla Sipuncula and Echiura. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus vulgaris (Savigny, 1822)) Forbes, E. (1841). A history of British Starfishes and other animals of the class Echinodermata. London; John Van Voorst. 267 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18506#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalassema echiura (Pallas, 1766)) Bosc, L. A. G. (1802). [Bosc. Vol 1 only. USE FOR POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Histoire naturelle des vers contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. Tome Premiere. De l'imprimerie de Guilleminet; a Paris, chez Deterville., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41757836 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus vulgaris (Savigny, 1822)) Forbes, E., Goodsir, J. (1841). On the natural history and anatomy of Thalassema and Echiurus. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal. 30: 369–378., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/52042#page/399/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus echiurus Pallas, 1766) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847) Skorikov, A. S. (1909). Echiurini, sousfamille des Gephyrea armata. Apercu systematique et monographique. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg. 14: 77–102., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/36240#page/449/mode/1up
page(s): 80; note: included under Echiurus echiurus [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847) Diesing, K. M. (1859). Revision der Rhyngodeen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 37: 719–782., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30207#page/789/mode/1up
page(s): 776; note: usage as valid, with brief diagnosis, spelling as 'gaertneri' [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847) Greeff, Richard. (1879). Die Echiuren (Gephyrea armata). Nova acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum. 41: 1–172, plates 16-24., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/45213#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 136; note: placed as synonym of Echiurus pallasii Guerin (= Lumbricus echiurus) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus chrysacanthophorus (Couthouy, 1838)) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus chrysacanthophorus (Couthouy, 1838)) Diesing, K. M. (1859). Revision der Rhyngodeen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 37: 719–782., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30207#page/789/mode/1up [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus chrysacanthophorus (Couthouy, 1838)) Pourtalés, L. F. de. (1851). On the Gephyrea of the Atlantic coast of the United States. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1851: 39-42., available online at https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=zwoLAAAAYAAJ&printsec=titlepage&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchiurus gaertnerii Quatrefages, 1847) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 593; note: brief repeat record  [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Proud, A. J. (1977). An ecological survey of the D' Aguilar Peninsula, Hong Kong, with recommendations for its future management. Mphil thesis. The University of Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is widely distributed in the arctic both in the Northern part of the North Atlantic and in the North Pacific. It is found as far south as at 45,0 N. Lat. it is especiallly common in Danish waters, the North sea, and is reported from the Channel both from England, Belgium and France; from the Atlantic coast of France it is only reported once from Charente- Inférieure. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat shelf [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
LanguageName 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmindelig tungeorm  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandworm  [details]