WoRMS taxon details

Dinophysis tripos Gourret, 1883

109662  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109662)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Gourret, P. (1883). Sur les Péridiniens du Golfe de Marseille. <em>Annales du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Marseille, Zoologie.</em> 1(8): 1-114. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Gulf of Marseille  
type locality contained in Gulf of Marseille [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47011  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47011 [details]

Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters of both hemispheres. Also found occasionally in colder areas such as...  
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters of both hemispheres. Also found occasionally in colder areas such as the northern Norwegian Sea (transported by warmer water masses, Johnsen and Lømsland, 2012) and subantarctic waters of the South Atlantic. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Dinophysis tripos Gourret, 1883. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109662 on 2019-06-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-24 06:37:28Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description Gourret, P. (1883). Sur les Péridiniens du Golfe de Marseille. <em>Annales du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Marseille, Zoologie.</em> 1(8): 1-114. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Lee J.S., lgarashi T., Fraga S., Dahl E., Hovgaard P. & Yasumoto T. (1989). Determination of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in various dinoflagellate species. <em>J. Appl. Phycol.</em> 1, 147-152. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K.A.; Tangen, K. (1997). Dinoflagellates. pp. 387-584. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.) (1997). Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780126930184500057 [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. <em>En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía.</em> pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47011 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters of both hemispheres. Also found occasionally in colder areas such as the northern Norwegian Sea (transported by warmer water masses, Johnsen and Lømsland, 2012) and subantarctic waters of the South Atlantic. [details]

Harmful effect 36 pg/cell of DTX1 in HPLC-FD analyses of picked cells according to Lee et al. (1989). No toxins found in picked cells from Hokkaido (Suzuki et al. 2009).
High levels of PTX2 (179-232 pg/cell) in cultures of Galician strains analyzed by LC-MS (Rodríguez et al., 2012). When D. tripos was the only species in Dinophysis blooms (45-90 pg PTX2/cell), no toxins detected in shellfish. This could be explained because PTX2 is very quickly converted into non toxic PTX2 SA by mussels.
 [details]

Synonymy See Schiller 1933 page 159 for old synonyms. Dinophysis diegensis Kofoid 1907 and D. taylorii Hernandez-Becerril 1992 have been suggested as 'small cells' in the life cycle of D. caudata and D. tripos (Reguera & Gonzalez-Gil 2001, J. Phycol. 37: 318-333). However, small cells of D. tripos, observed in cultures of this species, are different from Dinophysis diegensis, the small cells of D. caudata. Therefore, D. diegensis should not be considered a synonym of D. tripos (Rodríguez et al. 2012) [details]

From other sources
Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]