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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis acuta Ehrenberg, 1839 
AphiaID: 109604

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis acuta (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis Ehrenberg, 1839
Sources  original description Ehrenberg, C.G. 1841. Über noch jetzt zahlreich lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien. Abhandl. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 81-174. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Kiel Bay [details]
From other sources
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (116 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (35 nucleotides; 8 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47066 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHabitat Neritic temperate water species. Associated with stratified waters in late summer-autumn, and with downwelling events in upwelling systems.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect The main agent of DSP outbreaks in Chile (Lembeye et al. 1993). A bloom of D. acuta in Chile in 1972 was the first case of a Dinophysis bloom associated with a diarrhetic outbreak, but the event was not reported to the international community until 1991 (Lembeye et al. 1993) following the description of the DSP syndrome by Yasumoto et al. (1978).

The most important DSP agent (after D. acuminata) in Atlantic European coastal waters (in particular Norway, Sweden, Ireland, Portugal and Spain) and in New Zealand.

Most strains produce diarrhetic shellfish toxins (OA, DTX1 and/or DTX2) and pectenotoxins (PTX2 and PTX11 or PTX12) (Fernández-Puente et al. 2004; Miles et al. 2004; MacKenzie et al. 2005; Pizarro et al. 2009; Nielsen et al. 2013), but strains with a simpler profile (e.g. with only PTX2) may occasionally occur (Fernández et al. 2006).
 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate waters worldwide [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat pelagic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date Listed as 1839 on algaebase. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109604
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Brandt, Sue
2006-07-20 06:41:05Z  changed  Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-11-03 14:11:26Z  changed  Haskins, Tina
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z  checked  Moestrup, Øjvind
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg, 1839. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109604 on 2014-11-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License