WoRMS taxon details

Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg, 1839

109604  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109604)

marine, fresh, terrestrial
Ehrenberg, C.G. 1841. Über noch jetzt zahlreich lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien. Abhandl. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 81-174. [details]   
Type locality contained in Kiel Bay  
type locality contained in Kiel Bay [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47066  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47066 [details]

Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate waters worldwide  
Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate waters worldwide [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg, 1839. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109604 on 2018-02-21
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2006-07-20 06:41:05Z
Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-11-03 14:11:26Z
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z

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original description Ehrenberg, C.G. 1841. Über noch jetzt zahlreich lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien. Abhandl. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 81-174. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Sampayo M.A., Alvito P., Franca S. & Sousa I. 1990. Dinophysis spp. toxicity and relation to accompanying species. In: Toxic Marine Phytoplankton (Ed. by E. Granéli, B. Sundström, L. Edler & D.M. Anderson), pp. 215-220. Elsevier, New York [details]   

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Martin, J.L., M.M. LeGresley and P.M. Strain. 2001. Phytoplankton monitoring in the Western Isles region of the Bay of Fundy during 1997-98. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2349. iv + 85 p. [details]   

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Horner, R.A. 2002. A taxonomic guide to some common marine phytoplankton. Biopress Ltd. Bristol. 195 p.  [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Daiguji M., Satake M., James K.J., Bishop A., MacKenzie L., Naoki H. & Yasumoto T. 1998. Structures of new pectenotoxin analogs, pectenotoxin-2 seco acid and 7-epi-pectenotoxin-2 seco acid, isolated from a dinoflagellate and greenshell mussels. Chem. Lett.: 653-654., available online at https://doi.org/10.1246/cl.1998.653 [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47066 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Habitat Neritic temperate water species. Associated with stratified waters in late summer-autumn, and with downwelling events in upwelling systems.  [details]

Harmful effect The main agent of DSP outbreaks in Chile (Lembeye et al. 1993). A bloom of D. acuta in Chile in 1972 was the first case of a Dinophysis bloom associated with a diarrhetic outbreak, but the event was not reported to the international community until 1991 (Lembeye et al. 1993) following the description of the DSP syndrome by Yasumoto et al. (1978).

The most important DSP agent (after D. acuminata) in Atlantic European coastal waters (in particular Norway, Sweden, Ireland, Portugal and Spain) and in New Zealand.

Most strains produce diarrhetic shellfish toxins (OA, DTX1 and/or DTX2) and pectenotoxins (PTX2 and PTX11 or PTX12) (Fernández-Puente et al. 2004; Miles et al. 2004; MacKenzie et al. 2005; Pizarro et al. 2009; Nielsen et al. 2013), but strains with a simpler profile (e.g. with only PTX2) may occasionally occur (Fernández et al. 2006).

From other sources
Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Distribution neritic and oceanic; cold temperate waters worldwide [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Publication date Listed as 1839 on algaebase. [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]