WoRMS taxon details

Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)

105817  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105817)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island...  
Description A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island terraces, and in passes and lagoons. Nomadic and migratory. Feeds on small bony fishes, crabs and squid, also on other sharks, rays, and lobsters. Viviparous, with 13 to 38 young in a litter. Size at birth 50 to 70 cm. Potentially dangerous. Meat utilized for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, and hides for leather. [details]

Distribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory species)  
Distribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory species) [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105817 on 2018-06-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSphyrna ligo Fraser-Brunner, 1950) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofZygaena dissimilis Murray, 1887) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofZygaena mokarran Rüppell, 1837) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSphyrna mokorran Rüppell, 1837) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong marine fish database. AFCD. , available online at http://www.hk-fish.net/eng/database/index.htm [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island terraces, and in passes and lagoons. Nomadic and migratory. Feeds on small bony fishes, crabs and squid, also on other sharks, rays, and lobsters. Viviparous, with 13 to 38 young in a litter. Size at birth 50 to 70 cm. Potentially dangerous. Meat utilized for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, and hides for leather. [details]

Diet Feeds on stingrays and other batoids, groupers and sea catfishes, but also preys on other small bony fishes, crabs, squid, other sharks, rays, and lobsters  [details]

Distribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory species) [details]

Habitat Found at depths of 1 - 300m. [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Importance Social- Commercial, fisheries [details]

Reproduction Viviparous species, produces 13-42 of 56 to 70 cm young a litter  [details]
 

LanguageName 
English great hammerhead sharkgreat hammerhead  [details]
German großer Hammerhai  [details]
Japanese ヒラシュモクザメ  [details]
Lithuanian didysis kūjaryklis  [details]
Polish głowomłot olbrzymi  [details]
Russian акула-молот гигантская  [details]
Spanish tiburón martillo gigantecornuda gigante  [details]
Turkish dev çekiçbaş  [details]