WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)

105817 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105817)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island terraces, and in passes and lagoons. Nomadic and migratory. Feeds on small bony fishes, crabs and squid, also on other sharks, rays, and lobsters. Viviparous, with 13 to 38 young in a litter. Size at birth 50 to 70 cm. Potentially dangerous. Meat utilized for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, and hides for leather. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory species) [details]
Bailly, N. (2008). Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837). In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105817 on 2017-11-25

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

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basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna ligo Fraser-Brunner, 1950) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena dissimilis Murray, 1887) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena mokarran Rüppell, 1837) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna mokorran Rüppell, 1837) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong marine fish database. AFCD. , available online at http://www.hk-fish.net/eng/database/index.htm [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark, found close inshore and well offshore, over the continental shelves, island terraces, and in passes and lagoons. Nomadic and migratory. Feeds on small bony fishes, crabs and squid, also on other sharks, rays, and lobsters. Viviparous, with 13 to 38 young in a litter. Size at birth 50 to 70 cm. Potentially dangerous. Meat utilized for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, and hides for leather. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feeds on stingrays and other batoids, groupers and sea catfishes, but also preys on other small bony fishes, crabs, squid, other sharks, rays, and lobsters  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North Carolina to Uruguay (highly migratory species) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found at depths of 1 - 300m. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, fisheries [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Viviparous species, produces 13-42 of 56 to 70 cm young a litter  [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion elegans Capart, 1953 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCathetocephalus australis Schmidt & Beveridge, 1990 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudactylina pollex Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteronybelinia heteromorphi Palm, 1999 [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria gemursa Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus crypturus Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus orientalis Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaorygmatobothrium sinclairtaylori Cutmore, Bennett, Miller & Cribb, 2017 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoreiobothrium manirei Caira, Healy & Swanson, 1996 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreat hammerhead sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreat hammerhead  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgroßer Hammerhai  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorヒラシュモクザメ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordidysis kūjaryklis  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgłowomłot olbrzymi  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorакула-молот гигантская  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón martillo giganteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda gigante  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordev çekiçbaş  [details]