WoRMS taxon details

Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840

105694  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105694)

accepted
Family
Genus Eusphyra Gill, 1862
Genus Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Sphyrna corona Springer, 1940
  » Species Sphyrna couardi Cadenat, 1951
  » Species Sphyrna gilberti Quattro, Driggers III, Grady, Ulrich & Roberts, 2013
  » Species Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  » Species Sphyrna media Springer, 1940
  » Species Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822)
  » Species Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyrna bigelowi Springer, 1944 accepted as Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822)
  » Species Sphyrna blochii (Cuvier, 1816) accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816)
  » Species Sphyrna diplana Springer, 1941 accepted as Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  » Species Sphyrna leweni (Griffith & Smith, 1834) accepted as Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834) (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyrna ligo Fraser-Brunner, 1950 accepted as Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Sphyrna mokorran Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837) (misspelling)
  » Species Sphyrna nana Sadowsky, 1965 accepted as Sphyrna media Springer, 1940
  » Species Sphyrna vespertina Springer, 1940 accepted as Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Sphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)

Genus Cestracion Ogilby, 1916 accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810 (objective synonym)
Genus Eusphyrna accepted as Eusphyra Gill, 1862 (misspelling)
  » Species Eusphyrna blochi (Cuvier, 1816) accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816) (misspelling)
  » Species Eusphyrna blochii (Cuvier, 1816) accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816) (misspelling)
Genus Spyrna accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
  » Species Spyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822) accepted as Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822) (misspelling)
  » Species Spyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Genus Zygaena Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Zygaena blochii Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816)
  » Species Zygaena dissimilis Murray, 1887 accepted as Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Zygaena erythraea Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  » Species Zygaena indica van Hasselt, 1823 accepted as Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  » Species Zygaena laticeps Cantor, 1837 accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816)
  » Species Zygaena latycephala van Hasselt, 1823 accepted as Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816)
  » Species Zygaena lewini Griffith & Smith, 1834 accepted as Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
  » Species Zygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Zygaena mokarran Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Zygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Zygaena tudes Valenciennes, 1822 accepted as Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822)
  » Species Zygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
marine, brackish
Not documented
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with...  
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with eyes and nasal openings much widely set than in other sharks. No spiracle. A maximum length of 4.5 m was reported for Sphyrna tudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fish, elasmobranchs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and other prey. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105694 on 2018-08-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with eyes and nasal openings much widely set than in other sharks. No spiracle. A maximum length of 4.5 m was reported for Sphyrna tudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fish, elasmobranchs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and other prey. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English scoophead sharkhammerheadbonnethead  [details]
Japanese シュモクザメ  [details]