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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) 
AphiaID: 103788

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunicata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidiacea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolidobranchia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgulidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula Forbes, 1848
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidea manhattensis De Kay, 1843 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia amphora Agassiz, 1850 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia ampulloides Beneden, 1846 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia tubifera Örstedt, 1844 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaesira ampulloides (Beneden, 1846) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaesira manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaesira sordida (Stimpson, 1852) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnocystis ampulloides (Beneden, 1846) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnocystis manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula ampulloides (Beneden, 1846) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula caepiformis Herdman & Sorby, 1882 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula dentifera Damas, 1904 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula lutkeniana Traustedt, 1893 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolgula sordida Stimpson, 1852 (original combination)
Sources  basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 352-355 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlådden søpung  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeedruifUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorronde zakpijp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea squirtsUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea grapesUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea grapeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormolgula  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormolgule de ManhattanUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormolgule  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMeertraubeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblaugrüne Ascidie  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorluddsjöpung  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Adriatic Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAdriatic Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Argentina
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorArgentina (introduced: alien[details]
Australia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAustralia (introduced: alien[details]
Belgium
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgium (introduced: alien[details]
Black Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBlack Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Canada
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanada (introduced: alien[details]
China
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorChina (introduced: alien[details]
Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCoastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia (introduced: alien[details]
France
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFrance (introduced: alien[details]
Germany
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGermany (introduced: alien[details]
Italy
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorItaly (introduced: alien[details]
Japan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorJapan (introduced: alien[details]
Netherlands
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNetherlands (introduced: origin unknown[details]
Norway
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorway (introduced: alien[details]
Panama
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPanama (introduced: alien[details]
Sea of Japan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorJapanese Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Spain
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSpain (introduced: alien[details]
United States
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCalifornia (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited States (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Arctic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArctic Ocean (introduced: alien[details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpuikom [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorL'Etete [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrevelingen [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of Norway [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWales [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic Europe (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys canui Roland, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus canui Sars G.O., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus laticornis Wilson C.B., 1932 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnteropsis sphinx Aurivillius, 1885 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS) - Molgula manhattensis 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (6 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (152 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (66 nucleotides; 38 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Chordata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGenetic nomenclature abbreviation Momanh [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Molgula manhattensis comprised 42% of the macrofouling on one wharf with highly polluted water, in Golden Horn Bay, Vladivostok, Russia, but was a minor component at two other sites (Koryakova et al. 2002). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Netherlands (Nation) : Shipping [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Argentina (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Norway (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Japan (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlien species The sea grape, Molgula manhattensis, has been present for a long time in Europe, along the east coast of America, and around Australia. Some authors are convinced that the specimens found in America or Europe are different species altogether and therefore in Europe the sea grape can not be considered an exotic species. In Belgium this sea grape was first observed and reported in the middle of the 19th century in the harbour of Ostend. Later the species also established itself in the harbours of Zeebrugge and Blankenberge. The species could have arrived in Belgium via attachment to ship's hulls. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet plankton feeder [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions 34 mm in size [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bay of Fundy to Gulf of Mexico [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution circum-global [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Molgula manhattensis
Molgula manhattensis
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103788
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Monniot, Claude
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z  checked  Sanamyan, Karen
  
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  Citation: Sanamyan, K. (2014). Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843). In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103788 on 2014-10-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License