WoRMS taxon details

Molgula Forbes, 1848

103509  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103509)

accepted
Genus
Species Molgula aidae Oka, 1914
Species Molgula amesophleba (Codreanu & Mack-Fira, 1956)
Species Molgula antiborealis Millar, 1967
Species Molgula appendiculata Heller, 1877
Species Molgula arenata Stimpson, 1852
Species Molgula azorensis Monniot C., 1971
Species Molgula bacca (Herdman, 1910)
Species Molgula bathybia (Hartmeyer, 1912)
Species Molgula bisinus Monniot C., 1989
Species Molgula bleizi (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877)
Species Molgula bourbonis Monniot C., 1994
Species Molgula bouvetensis (Michaelsen, 1904)
Species Molgula braziliensis Millar, 1958
Species Molgula brieni Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1976
Species Molgula calvata Sluiter, 1904
Species Molgula caminae Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1988
Species Molgula celata (Michaelsen, 1914)
Species Molgula celebensis Millar, 1975
Species Molgula celtica Monniot C., 1970
Species Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848
Species Molgula coactilis Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1977
Species Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870
Species Molgula conchata Sluiter, 1898
Species Molgula contorta Sluiter, 1898
Species Molgula cooperi (Huntsman, 1912)
Species Molgula crinita Sluiter, 1904
Species Molgula crustosa Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1988
Species Molgula cryptica Millar, 1962
Species Molgula cynthiaeformis Hartmeyer, 1903
Species Molgula davidi Monniot C., 1972
Species Molgula delicata Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1991
Species Molgula dextrocarpa Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1974
Species Molgula diaguita Monniot C. & Andrade, 1983
Species Molgula dicosta Millar, 1988
Species Molgula dione (Savigny, 1816)
Species Molgula diversa Kott, 1972
Species Molgula dolichentera Millar, 1960
Species Molgula ellistoni Kott, 1972
Species Molgula elva Kott, 2008
Species Molgula enodis (Sluiter, 1912)
Species Molgula eobia Redikorzev, 1941
Species Molgula estadosi Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1983
Species Molgula eugyroides Traustedt, 1883
Species Molgula euplicata Herdman, 1923
Species Molgula euprocta (Drasche, 1884)
Species Molgula falsensis Millar, 1955
Species Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859)
Species Molgula flagrifera Sluiter, 1904
Species Molgula fortuita Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1984
Species Molgula georgiana Michaelsen, 1922
Species Molgula gigantea (Cunningham, 1871)
Species Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825)
Species Molgula habanensis Van Name, 1945
Species Molgula hartmeyeri Oka, 1914
Species Molgula helleri Drasche, 1884
Species Molgula herdmani Brewin, 1958
Species Molgula herdmanina Monniot & Dettai, 2015
Species Molgula hirta Monniot F., 1965
Species Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910
Species Molgula hozawai Oka, 1932
Species Molgula impura Heller, 1877
Species Molgula incidata Kott, 1985
Species Molgula japonica Hartmeyer, 1906
Species Molgula karubari Monniot F. & Monniot C., 2003
Species Molgula kerguelenensis Kott, 1954
Species Molgula kiaeri Hartmeyer, 1901
Species Molgula kolaensis Ärnbäck-Christie-Linde, 1928
Species Molgula kophameli Michaelsen, 1900
Species Molgula lapidifera Redikorzev, 1941
Species Molgula longipedata Sluiter, 1904
Species Molgula longitubis Monniot C., 2002
Species Molgula longivascula Millar, 1982
Species Molgula lutulenta Herdman, 1923
Species Molgula macquariensis Kott, 1954
Species Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938
Species Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)
Species Molgula marioni Millar, 1960
Species Molgula millari Kott, 1971
Species Molgula mira (Ärnbäck, 1931)
Species Molgula mollis Herdman, 1899
Species Molgula monodi Peres, 1949
Species Molgula mortenseni (Michaelsen, 1922)
Species Molgula napiformis Lambert, 1993
Species Molgula novaeselandiae (Michaelsen, 1912)
Species Molgula occidentalis Traustedt, 1883
Species Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875
Species Molgula oculata Forbes, 1848
Species Molgula oligostriata Tokioka, 1949
Species Molgula oregonia Ritter, 1913
Species Molgula pacifica (Huntsman, 1912)
Species Molgula pedunculata (Herdman, 1881)
Species Molgula phytophila Monniot C., 1970
Species Molgula pigafettae Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1983
Species Molgula pila Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1985
Species Molgula plana Monniot C., 1971
Species Molgula platana Van Name, 1945
Species Molgula platei Hartmeyer, 1914
Species Molgula platybranchia Monniot C., 1970
Species Molgula primitiva Redikorzev, 1941
Species Molgula provisionalis Van Name, 1945
Species Molgula pugetiensis Herdman, 1898
Species Molgula pulchra Michaelsen, 1900
Species Molgula pumila Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1976
Species Molgula pyriformis Herdman, 1881
Species Molgula redikorzevi Oka, 1914
Species Molgula regularis Ritter, 1907
Species Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871
Species Molgula rheophila (Pérès, 1956)
Species Molgula riddlei Monniot F., 2011
Species Molgula ridgewayi (Herdman, 1906)
Species Molgula rima Kott, 1972
Species Molgula robini Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1983
Species Molgula robusta (Van Name, 1912)
Species Molgula romeri Hartmeyer, 1903
Species Molgula rotunda Oka, 1914
Species Molgula roulei Monniot C., 1969
Species Molgula sabulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Species Molgula salvadori Monniot C., 1970
Species Molgula satyrus Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1993
Species Molgula scutata Millar, 1955
Species Molgula setigera Ärnbäck, 1938
Species Molgula shimodensis Nishikawa, 1982
Species Molgula simplex Alder & Hancock, 1870
Species Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896
Species Molgula siphonata Alder, 1850
Species Molgula sluiteri (Michaelsen, 1922)
Species Molgula socialis Alder, 1863
Species Molgula solenata (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877)
Species Molgula somaliensis Millar, 1988
Species Molgula sphaera Kott, 1972
Species Molgula spiralis Kott, 1954
Species Molgula susana Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1976
Species Molgula tagi Michaelsen, 1923
Species Molgula taprobane Herdman, 1906
Species Molgula tectiformis Nishikawa, 1991
Species Molgula tethys Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1974
Species Molgula topata Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1987
Species Molgula tubifera (Örstedt, 1844)
Species Molgula tzetlini Sanamyan, 1993
Species Molgula undulata (Tokioka, 1949)
Species Molgula vara Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1979
Species Molgula variazizi Monniot C., 1978
Species Molgula verrilli (Van Name, 1912)
Species Molgula verrucifera Ritter & Forsyth, 1917
Species Molgula xenophora Oka, 1914

Species Molgula inconspicua Stimpson, 1855 (nomen dubium)
Species Molgula labeculifera Stimpson, 1855 (nomen dubium)
Species Molgula recumbens Herdman, 1899 (nomen dubium)

Species Molgula sydneyensis Herdman, 1898 accepted as Molgula mollis Herdman, 1899 (nomen nudum)

Species Molgula africana Sluiter, 1915 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875 (original combination)
Species Molgula amokurae Bovien, 1921 accepted as Molgula enodis (Sluiter, 1912) (original combination)
Species Molgula ampulloides (Beneden, 1846) accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (new combination)
Species Molgula angulata Ärnbäck, 1938 accepted as Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910 (original combination)
Species Molgula arctica Kiaer, 1896 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (original combination)
Species Molgula arenosa Alder & Hancock, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848) (original combination)
Species Molgula bancalis Monniot C., 1970 accepted as Molgula georgiana Michaelsen, 1922 (original combination)
Species Molgula batemani Kott, 1952 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula bathamae Millar, 1982 accepted as Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938 (original combination)
Species Molgula birulai Redikorzev, 1907 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (original combination)
Species Molgula borealis Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896 (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula boreas Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896 (original combination)
Species Molgula caepiformis Herdman & Sorby, 1882 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (original combination)
Species Molgula camina Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1988 accepted as Molgula caminae Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1988 (misspelling)
Species Molgula carpenteri Herdman, 1886 accepted as Microcosmus glacialis (Sars, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula chrystallina (Moeller, 1842) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825) (new combination)
Species Molgula conchilega (Mueller, 1776) accepted as Ascidia conchilega Müller, 1776 (new combination)
Species Molgula concomitans Herdman, 1910 accepted as Molgula hodgsoni Herdman, 1910 (original combination)
Species Molgula confluxa (Sluiter, 1912) accepted as Molgula enodis (Sluiter, 1912) (new combination)
Species Molgula congata Sluiter, 1898 accepted as Molgula conchata Sluiter, 1898 (misspelling)
Species Molgula coreni Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875 (original combination)
Species Molgula crystallina (Moeller, 1842) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula dentifera Damas, 1904 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (original combination)
Species Molgula discogona Millar, 1975 accepted as Molgula sphaera Kott, 1972 (original combination)
Species Molgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (molecular data )
Species Molgula exigua Kott, 1972 accepted as Pareugyrioides exigua (Kott, 1972) (original combination)
Species Molgula filholi Pizon, 1898 accepted as Paramolgula filholi (Pizon, 1898) (original combination)
Species Molgula forbesi Herdman, 1881 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula forbesii Herdman, 1881 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula galatheae Millar, 1959 accepted as Pareugyrioides galatheae (Millar, 1959) (original combination)
Species Molgula glomerata Pizon, 1898 accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830) (original combination)
Species Molgula goddeffroyi Michaelsen, 1908 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula godeffroyi Michaelsen, 1908 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula graphica Ritter, 1901 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871 (original combination)
Species Molgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830) accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830) (new combination)
Species Molgula griffithsi (MacLeay, 1825) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula groenlandica Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871 (original combination)
Species Molgula hannensis Peres, 1949 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875 (original combination)
Species Molgula horrida Herdman, 1881 accepted as Paramolgula gregaria (Lesson, 1830) (original combination)
Species Molgula hupferi Michaelsen, 1908 accepted as Hartmeyeria hupferi (Hartmeyer, 1909) (original combination)
Species Molgula immunda (Hartmeyer, 1909) accepted as Molguloides immunda (Hartmeyer, 1909) (new combination)
Species Molgula interrupta Tokioka, 1953 accepted as Molgula xenophora Oka, 1914 (original combination)
Species Molgula inversa Sluiter, 1900 accepted as Paramolgula filholi (Pizon, 1898) (original combination)
Species Molgula janis Kott, 1952 accepted as Molgula sabulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (original combination)
Species Molgula koreni Sumner & Osburn, Cole, 1913 accepted as Molgula robusta (Van Name, 1912) (original combination)
Species Molgula litoralis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula littoralis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (original combination)
Species Molgula longicaulis Herdman, 1910 accepted as Molgula pedunculata (Herdman, 1881) (original combination)
Species Molgula longicollis Wagner, 1885 accepted as Molgula retortiformis Verrill, 1871 (original combination)
Species Molgula lutkeniana Traustedt, 1893 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (original combination)
Species Molgula macrosiphonica Kupffer, 1872 accepted as Molgula provisionalis Van Name, 1945 (original combination)
Species Molgula malviniensis Ärnbäck, 1938 accepted as Molgula malvinensis Ärnbäck, 1938 (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula martensi (Traustedt, 1885) accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula martensii Traustedt, 1885 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula maxima Sluiter, 1905 accepted as Molgula pedunculata (Herdman, 1881) (original combination)
Species Molgula medusa Kott, 1952 accepted as Molgula calvata Sluiter, 1904 (original combination)
Species Molgula minuta Kott, 1952 accepted as Molgula calvata Sluiter, 1904 (original combination)
Species Molgula mortoni Kesteven, 1909 accepted as Molgula ficus (Macdonald, 1859) (original combination)
Species Molgula nana Kupffer, 1873 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (original combination)
Species Molgula natalensis (Michaelsen, 1918) accepted as Molgula conchata Sluiter, 1898 (new combination)
Species Molgula nodosa Hartmeyer, 1922 accepted as Molgula sabulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (original combination)
Species Molgula norvegica Kiaer, 1896 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896 (original combination)
Species Molgula novaezelandiae (Michaelsen, 1912) accepted as Molgula novaeselandiae (Michaelsen, 1912) (misspelling)
Species Molgula nuda Wagner, 1885 accepted as Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848 (original combination)
Species Molgula pannosa Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896 (original combination)
Species Molgula papillosa Verrill, 1871 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870 (original combination)
Species Molgula pellucida (Stimpson, 1852) accepted as Molgula griffithsii (MacLeay, 1825) (new combination)
Species Molgula pilularis Verrill, 1871 accepted as Bostrichobranchus pilularis (Verrill, 1871) (original combination)
Species Molgula piriformis Herdman, 1881 accepted as Molgula pyriformis Herdman, 1881 (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula producta Stimpson, 1852 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870 (original combination)
Species Molgula psammodes Traustedt, 1880 accepted as Molgula occulta Kupffer, 1875 (original combination)
Species Molgula psammophora (Agassiz, 1850) accepted as Molgula arenata Stimpson, 1852 (new combination)
Species Molgula reducta Hartmeyer, 1922 accepted as Molgula calvata Sluiter, 1904 (original combination)
Species Molgula ridgwayi (Herdman, 1906) accepted as Molgula ridgewayi (Herdman, 1906) (spelling mistake)
Species Molgula roemeri Hartmeyer, 1903 accepted as Molgula romeri Hartmeyer, 1903 (spelling mistake)
Species Molgula septentrionalis Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula siphonalis Kiaer, 1896 (original combination)
Species Molgula singularis (Van Name, 1912) accepted as Cratostigma singularis (Van Name, 1912) (new combination)
Species Molgula sordida Stimpson, 1852 accepted as Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) (original combination)
Species Molgula sphaeroidea Millar, 1970 accepted as Molguloides sphaeroidea (Millar, 1970) (original combination)
Species Molgula sydneyensis Herdman, 1899 accepted as Molgula mollis Herdman, 1899 (original combination)
Species Molgula tenax Traustedt, 1883 accepted as Molgula complanata Alder & Hancock, 1870 (original combination)
Species Molgula tenuis Kott, 1954 accepted as Molguloides tenuis Kott, 1954 (synonym)
Species Molgula tubularis Forbes, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848) (original combination)
Species Molgula tubulosa Forbes, 1848 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848) (literature misspelling)
Species Molgula valvata Alder & Hancock, 1907 accepted as Eugyra arenosa (Alder & Hancock, 1848) (original combination)
Species Molgula vitrea Sluiter, 1904 accepted as Molguloides vitrea (Sluiter, 1904) (original combination)
Species Molgula wagneri Hartmeyer, 1903 accepted as Microcosmus glacialis (Sars, 1859) (original combination)
marine, terrestrial
Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. <em>London, van Voorst.</em> 1:1-486., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55180#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 36 [details]   
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Molgula Forbes, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103509 on 2018-10-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 10:29:40Z
checked

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original description Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. <em>London, van Voorst.</em> 1:1-486., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55180#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 36 [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

 



LanguageName 
Japanese フクロボヤ  [details]