WoRMS source details

Meißner, Karin. (2005). Revision of the genus Spiophanes (Polychaeta, Spionidae); with new synonymies, new records and descriptions of new species. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Zoologische Reihe. 81(1): 3-65.
70428
10.1002/mmnz.200310001 [view]
Meißner, Karin
2005
Revision of the genus <i>Spiophanes</i> (Polychaeta, Spionidae); with new synonymies, new records and descriptions of new species
Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Zoologische Reihe
81(1): 3-65
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The paper presents a comprehensive revision of the genus Spiophanes (Polychaeta, Spionidae) based on type material. The identity of Spiophanes kroyeri, the type species of the genus, is fixed by lectotype designation. Enhanced diagnoses with illustrations, notes on their distribution and comments on species identification for all valid species are provided. S. chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 and S. söderströmi Hartman, 1953 are synonymized with S. duplex (Chamberlin, 1919). S. kroyeri reyssi Laubier, 1964 is raised to species status. S. fimbriata and S. malayensis are considered as valid species not synonymous with S. kroyeri. Also, 8 species are newly described: S. algidus, S. mediterraneus, S. inflatus, S. afer, S. kimballi, S. similis, S. longisetus and S. aucklandicus. An identification key to species of Spiophanes is given.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Auckland Islands for Spiophanes aucklandicus Meißner, 2005 
Balear Sea for Spiophanes afer Meißner, 2005 
Crozet Islands for Spiophanes algidus Meißner, 2005 
Durban for Spiophanes inflatus Meißner, 2005 
Greenland Sea for Spiophanes kroyeri Grube, 1860 
Israeli Exclusive Economic Zone for Spiophanes mediterraneus Meißner, 2005 
Northern California for Spiophanes kimballi Meißner, 2005 
United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean for Spiophanes longisetus Meißner, 2005 
Holotype USNM 123296, verbatimGeounit coastal off N. Calif..., identified as Spiophanes kimballi Meißner, 2005
Nontype CAS 153860, geounit Monterey Bay, identified as Spiophanes berkeleyorum Pettibone, 1962
Holotype SAMC 21466, verbatimGeounit near Crozet Islands,..., identified as Spiophanes algidus Meißner, 2005
Nontype CAS 23817, geounit Gulf of Alaska, identified as Spiophanes berkeleyorum Pettibone, 1962
Holotype MNCN 2571, verbatimGeounit off spain, Mediterra..., identified as Spiophanes afer Meißner, 2005
Holotype SMF 4513, verbatimGeounit Offshore Israel, Med..., identified as Spiophanes mediterraneus Meißner, 2005
Holotype LACM-AHF POLY 2140, verbatimGeounit Milne Edwards Deep, ..., identified as Spiophanes similis Meißner, 2005
Holotype LACM-AHF POLY 2143, verbatimGeounit USA offshore, along ..., identified as Spiophanes longisetus Meißner, 2005
Holotype LACM-AHF POLY 2144, verbatimGeounit off Durban, South Af..., identified as Spiophanes inflatus Meißner, 2005
Lectotype ZMB Q4746, verbatimGeounit Greenland Sea, North..., identified as Spiophanes kroyeri Grube, 1860
Holotype AM W28630, verbatimGeounit Waterfall Inlet, Auc..., identified as Spiophanes aucklandicus Meißner, 2005
 Depth range

Not stated by the author. Type said to be intertidal by Blake (1996: 149) and Meißner (2005: 31). [details]

 Depth range

From low tide to less than 200 m. Pettibone (1962) recorded the species from about 460 m (250 fathoms).  [details]

 Distribution

Northeast Pacific Ocean, from Alaska to California.  [details]

 Etymology

afer is Latin for Africa, referring to the species’ distribution around the African continent. [details]

 Etymology

algidus is Latin for cold, referring to the occurrence of the species in cold waters of the Southern Ocean. [details]

 Etymology

Named for type locality. [details]

 Etymology

inflatus is Latin for puffed up, swollen, thickened, and refers to the swollen margins of postchaetal lobes on ... [details]

 Etymology

refers to A. Kimball, a person who had formerly worked on the material. [details]

 Etymology

'longisetus' refers to unique character of this species of having very long and granulated notochaetae in parapodia ... [details]

 Etymology

Refers to geographical distribution of the species, so far restricted to the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. [details]

 Etymology

similis, Latin for resemble or like, refers to the limited number of diagnostic characters of this species. [details]

 Habitat

More common on sandy sediments, but also found in mud, normally from subtidal to less than 200 m.  [details]

 Reproduction

Gravid specimens found in March in British Columbia (USNM 81750), and in May and June in California (CAS 153860, ... [details]

 Spelling

The correct spelling is 'kroyeri'. There was no accent in the original spelling. However, the name has been ... [details]

 Spelling

Spiophanes kroyeri Grube, 1860 [details]

 Type locality

off spain, Mediterranean Sea (between Cape San Antonio and Valencia harbour, approximate geolocation 39.1385, -0.0439) [details]

 Type locality

Near Crozet Islands, Southern Indian Ocean, 45 59′ 48″ S, 49 58′ 18″ E (-45.996667, 49.971667) [details]

 Type locality

Waterfall Inlet, Auckland Island, Auckland Islands, New Zealand, -50.81504, 166.2197 (more precise than as given, ... [details]

 Type locality

off Durban, South Africa, South Indian Ocean, 29 26′ 0″ S, 31 46′ 0″ E (-29.433333, 31.766667) [details]

 Type locality

coastal off N. California, East Pacific, 41 20′ 27.6″ N, 124 26′ 18.6″ W (41.341, -124.4385) [details]

 Type locality

Lectotype locality Greenland Sea, Northwest Atlantic Ocean, regional location approximated at 77.655, -5.976. [details]

 Type locality

USA offshore, along the axis of the Gulf stream, North Atlantic Ocean, 38 33′ 0″ N, 68 32′ 0″ W (38.55, ... [details]

 Type locality

Offshore Israel, Mediterranean Sea, 32 19′ 57.6″ N, 34 31′ 27.6″ E (32.332667, 34.524333) [details]

 Type locality

Milne Edwards Deep, off Peru, South East Pacific, 8 21′ 0″ S, 81 25′ 0″ W (-8.35, -81.41666) [details]

 Type species

Type species S. kroyeri Grube 1860. [details]