WoRMS source details

Clark, A.M. (1989). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 1: Paxillosida and Notomyotida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1989). Echinoderm Studies, 3: pp. 225-347
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Abyssaster Madsen, 1961 (basis of record)
Abyssaster planus (Sladen, 1883) (additional source)
Abyssaster tara (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (basis of record)
Alternaster Döderlein, 1920 accepted as Luidia Forbes, 1839 (basis of record)
Armaster Döderlein, 1920 accepted as Luidia Forbes, 1839 (basis of record)
Asterias aranciaca Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Astropecten aranciacus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Asterias crispata Bruzelius, 1805 accepted as Ctenodiscus crispatus (Bruzelius, 1805) (additional source)
Asterias polaris Sabine, 1824 accepted as Ctenodiscus crispatus (Bruzelius, 1805) (additional source)
Asteroidea (additional source)
Astrella Perrier in Milne-Edwards, 1882 accepted as Luidia Forbes, 1839 (additional source)
Astropecten Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Astropecten anacanthus H.L. Clark, 1926 (basis of record)
Astropecten andromeda Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Archaster andromeda (Müller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Psilaster andromeda (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926 accepted as Astropecten cingulatus Sladen, 1883 (source of synonymy)
Astropecten aranciacus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Astropecten cingulatus Sladen, 1883 (basis of record)
Astropecten exilis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astropecten inermis de Loriol, 1899 accepted as Astropecten cingulatus Sladen, 1883 (source of synonymy)
Astropecten pugnax Koehler, 1910 (basis of record)
Bathybiaster loripes loripes Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Bathybiaster robustus (Verrill, 1894) accepted as Bathybiaster vexillifer (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Bathybiaster spinulatus Koehler, 1917 accepted as Bathybiaster loripes Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Benthopecten Verrill, 1884 (additional source)
Benthopecten chardyi Sibuet, 1975 accepted as Benthopecten simplex chardyi Sibuet, 1975 (basis of record)
Benthopecten incertus Ludwig, 1910 (basis of record)
Benthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Cheiraster Studer, 1883 (additional source)
Cheiraster (Luidiaster) antarcticus (Koehler, 1907) (basis of record)
Cheiraster (Luidiaster) gerlachei Ludwig, 1903 (basis of record)
Cheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (basis of record)
Cheiraster granulatus Ludwig, 1910 (basis of record)
Ctenodiscus procurator Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Denudaster Döderlein, 1920 accepted as Luidia Forbes, 1839 (basis of record)
Dytaster Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Dytaster aequivocus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Dytaster agassizi Perrier, 1894 (basis of record)
Dytaster anacanthus Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 accepted as Persephonaster gracilis (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Dytaster biserialis Sladen, 1889 accepted as Dytaster insignis (Perrier, 1884) (basis of record)
Dytaster carinata Sladen, 1889 accepted as Dytaster grandis (Verrill, 1884) (basis of record)
Dytaster cherbonnieri Sibuet, 1975 (basis of record)
Dytaster demonstrans Ludwig, 1905 accepted as Dytaster gilberti Fisher, 1905 (basis of record)
Dytaster evaulus Fisher, 1913 represented as Dytaster (Koremaster) evaulus Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Dytaster exilis Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Dytaster insignis (Perrier, 1884) (additional source)
Dytaster intermedius Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Dytaster madreporifer Sladen, 1889 accepted as Dytaster grandis grandis (Verrill, 1884) (basis of record)
Dytaster mollis (Perrier, 1885) (basis of record)
Dytaster nobilis Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Dytaster parvulus Koehler, 1907 accepted as Dytaster semispinosus (Perrier, 1894) (basis of record)
Dytaster rigidus Perrier, 1894 (basis of record)
Dytaster semispinosus (Perrier, 1894) (basis of record)
Dytaster spinosus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Dytaster spinulosus (Perrier, 1894) (basis of record)
Eremicaster Fisher, 1905 (basis of record)
Eremicaster crassus (Sladen, 1883) (basis of record)
Eremicaster vicinus Ludwig, 1907 (basis of record)
Goniopecten intermedius Perrier, 1881 accepted as Plutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (basis of record)
Hyphalaster planus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Abyssaster planus (Sladen, 1883) (additional source)
Hyphalaster scotiae Koehler, 1907 (basis of record)
Ilyaster Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Bathybiaster Danielssen & Koren, 1883 (basis of record)
Ilyaster mirabilis Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Bathybiaster vexillifer (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (basis of record)
Integraster Döderlein, 1920 accepted as Luidia Forbes, 1839 (basis of record)
Koremaster Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Koremaster evaulus (Fisher, 1913) (basis of record)
Koremaster evaulus evaulus Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Koremaster evaulus spiculatus Fisher, 1919 (basis of record)
Leptoptychaster flexuosus Koehler, 1920 accepted as Leptychaster flexuosus (Koehler, 1920) (additional source)
Leptychaster mendosus Koehler, 1923 accepted as Leptychaster kerguelenensis mendosus (Koehler, 1923) (basis of record)
Luidia Forbes, 1839 (additional source)
Luidia aspera Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Luidia orientalis Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Luidia sagamina Döderlein, 1920 (basis of record)
Luidiaster planeta (Sladen, 1889) accepted as Cheiraster (Luidiaster) planeta (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Luidiidae Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Lysaster Bell, 1909 (basis of record)
Lysaster lorioli Bell, 1909 (basis of record)
Machairaster Perrier, 1884 accepted as Styracaster Sladen, 1883 (basis of record)
Machairaster pictus Perrier, 1884 accepted as Styracaster armatus Sladen, 1883 (basis of record)
Macroptychaster accrescens (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Mimaster Sladen, 1882 accepted as Radiaster Perrier, 1881 (additional source)
Pararchaster Sladen, 1885 accepted as Benthopecten Verrill, 1884 (additional source)
Pectinaster Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Pectinaster dispar Verrill, 1915 accepted as Cheiraster (Cheiraster) sepitus (Verrill, 1885) (additional source)
Pectinaster filholi Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Pectinidiscus Ludwig, 1907 (basis of record)
Pectinidiscus annae Ludwig, 1907 (basis of record)
Persephonaster Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 (basis of record)
Persephonaster cingulatus (Fisher, 1906) (basis of record)
Persephonaster facetus (Koehler, 1907) (additional source)
Persephonaster roulei Koehler, 1909 (basis of record)
Persephonaster sewelli Macan, 1938 (basis of record)
Plutonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Plutonaster bifrons (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Porcellanaster Wyville Thomson, 1878 (additional source)
Porcellanaster ceruleus Wyville Thomson, 1878 (additional source)
Porcellanasteridae Sladen, 1883 (additional source)
Psilaster attenuatus Fisher, 1906 (basis of record)
Psilaster charcoti (Koehler, 1906) (basis of record)
Psilasteropsis Fisher, 1906 accepted as Persephonaster Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 (additional source)
Psilasteropsis facetus Koehler, 1907 accepted as Persephonaster facetus (Koehler, 1907) (basis of record)
Crozet Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Benthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889) 
Durban for Astropecten anacanthus H.L. Clark, 1926 
East Africa for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
East Africa for Pectinidiscus annae Ludwig, 1907 
East Africa for Pectinidiscus annae Ludwig, 1907 
East Africa for Sidonaster vaneyi Koehler, 1909 
Gulf of Oman for Sidonaster vaneyi Koehler, 1909 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Cheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) 
KwaZulu-Natal for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948 
Madagascar for Astropecten inermis de Loriol, 1899 
Madagascar for Styracaster elongatus Koehler, 1907 
Mauritius for Astropecten mauritianus Gray, 1840 
Mauritius for Luidia mauritiensis Koehler, 1910 
Mauritius for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Mauritius for Lysaster lorioli Bell, 1909 
Mozambique for Astropecten exilis Mortensen, 1933  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten inermis de Loriol, 1899 
Red Sea for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Red Sea for Astropecten orsinii Leipoldt, 1895 
Red Sea for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Seychelles for Astropecten exilis Mortensen, 1933 
Seychelles for Astropecten pugnax Koehler, 1910 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten exilis Mortensen, 1933  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten inermis de Loriol, 1899 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
South Africa (country) for Benthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Cheiraster (Cheiraster) triplacanthus Fisher, 1913 
South Africa (country) for Cheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) 
South Africa (country) for Luidia sagamina sagamina Döderlein, 1920 
South Africa (country) for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
South Africa (country) for Pectinaster filholi echinatus (Sladen, 1889) 
South Africa (country) for Tethyaster pacei (Mortensen, 1925) 
Tanzania for Persephonaster sewelli Macan, 1938 
Tanzania for Styracaster caroli Ludwig, 1907 
Unknown type, geounit Azores, identified as Pectinaster filholi Perrier, 1885
 Description

Species does not occur in the western Indian Ocean (Aziz (1986) cited in Walenkamp (1990)). Also distributed in ... [details]

 Description

Depth range: 2600-4820 m (Clark, 1989) [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: western Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Also reported from St Helena, Gambia-Congo (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 <554>) [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Western Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean west of Sri Lanka (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: various parts of the Indian Ocean (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Homonymy

Referred to Dytaster (Astropectinidae) by Perrier (1884) so becoming a homonym of Dytaster insignis (Perrier, 1884) ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Asterias aranciana Linnaeus 1758, by subsequent designation by Fisher, 1908 (A.M. Clark, 1989). In ... [details]

 Remark

According to A.M. Clark (1989: 309): "Just sufficient indication to validate" [details]

 Remark

A.M. Clark (1989: 312) indicates that there is "Just sufficient indication to validate". [details]

 Remark

Type species: Porcellanaster (Eremicaster) tenebrarius Fisher, 1905 (=Eremicaster crassus (Sladen 1883)). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Luidia fragilissima Forbes, 1839 (=Asterias ciliaris Philippi, 1837) by original designation (Rowe & ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Pectinidiscus annae Ludwig in Chun, 1900. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Persephonaster croceus Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 by subsequent designation by Fisher (1905). [details]

 Remark

Syntypes in Natural History Museum, London (England) 1890.5.7.118 (3 specimens), 1890.5.7.119 (2 specimens) and ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Sidonaster vaneyi Koehler, 1909 by subsequent designation by Madsen (1961). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Thoracaster cylindratus Sladen, 1883 by monotypy. [details]

 Spelling
 for 

P. caeruleusSladen 1883 and H.E.S. Clark 1970 (without dipthong) are an unjustified emendment of spelling. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Raised to genus by Fell (1963) but not adopted by subsequent workers. Not accepted even as subgenus. [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of A. cingulatus Sladen 1883 according to Doderlein (1917) but a valid species accoridng to Jangoux ... [details]

 Synonymy

This name was emended from Leptychaster Smith, 1876, with type species L. kerguelenensis Smith 1876, but emendment ... [details]

 Synonymy

A.M. Clark (1989: 296) considered that even isolation of the genus Lethmaster to a subfamily was unjustified. ... [details]

 Synonymy

According to A.M. Clark (1989). Type lost or genus and species based only on Pl. 8, Fig. 7a,b. of Seba 1758; probably ... [details]

 Synonymy

Must be suppressed in order to retain the better known Craspidaster hesperus according to A.M. Clark (1989). [details]

 Synonymy

Pararchasterinae is invalidated by the synonymy of the generic name Pararchaster Sladen, 1889 with Benthopecten ... [details]

 Synonymy

The older family group-name Mimasteridae is invalid since Mimaster Sladen, 1882 is a junior synonym of ... [details]

 Taxonomy

A NOMEN NUDUM with 'bare indication' of validity. But subsequent synonymy with Plutonaster notatus Sladen, 1889 ... [details]

 Type locality

SE of Durban, 208-280 m. [details]

 Type locality

unknown but probably off Natal or Mozambique; only one specimen known. [details]

 Type locality

near Crozet Is, Southern Ocean, 2926m [details]

 Type locality

off East Africa, western Indian Ocean, 183-638 m. (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Type locality

Gulf of Oman (A.M. Clark, 1989). [details]

 Type locality

unknown; only one specimen known. [details]

 Validity

Subspecific name valid since not contemporaneously included in Persephonaster with P. brevispinus (Sladen, 1883, ... [details]