WoRMS source details

Thandar, A.S. (1999). Deep-sea Holothuroids taken by the R.V. Africana II in 1959, from off the West Coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., Vol. 105(9): 364-409, 16 figs, 2 tables
6346
Publication
Some 106 specimens of deep-sea holothuroids taken by the R.V. Africana II cruises off the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, in 1959 by the then Division of Sea Fisheries, are diagnosed and/or described. The material is distributed over 10 families, 13 genera, 15 nominal and two indeterminate species, and includes three recently described species (Thander 1998), a new species, Molpadia millardae, and nine new records for the southern African region, south of the tropic of Capricorn. Previous records of Echinocucumis typica sensu Clark, 1923 (non Sars, 1859), and Sphaerothuria talismani (partim) sensu Deichmann, 1930 (non E. Perrier, 1886), are based on misidentifications of Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893).
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis M. Sars, 1859 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElpidia Théel, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElpidia gracilis Belyaev, 1975 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGephyrothuria glauca (Clark, 1908) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaetmogone perplexa Thandar, 1998 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeseres Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOloughlinius Pawson & Pawson in Pawson et al., 2015 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeseres atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1902) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadiodemas atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1898) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia Cuvier, 1817 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrphnurgus protectus (Sluiter, 1901) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudostichopus atlanticus Perrier R., 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadiodemas atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1898) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolidium vitreum Ohshima, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScotoplanes Théel, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScotoplanes globosa (Théel, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerothuria Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria Perrier E., 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerothuria bitentaculata Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerothuria talismani (E. Perrier) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria talismani Perrier E., 1886 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria talismani talismani E. Perrier, 1886 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerothuria talismani (E. Perrier) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria talismani Perrier E., 1886 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria talismani talismani E. Perrier, 1886 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria Perrier E., 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) (additional source)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthodytes typica Théel, 1882 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthodytes lingua Perrier R., 1896 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthodytes typica Théel, 1882 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthodytes valdiviae Hansen, 1975 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElpidia gracilis Belyaev, 1975 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMolpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrphnurgus protectus (Sluiter, 1901) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacucumaria capense Thandar, 1998 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolidium vitreum Ohshima, 1915 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolidothuria octodactyla Thandar, 1998 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYpsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Papillae inconspicuous, dark violet; pedicels not crowded, short, truncate, retractile into pockets; large wheels ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This genus includes ypsilothuriids with thecal plates made up of only a single layer of calcacerous material. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This genus is well characterized by its rod-shaped spicules with two pairs of obliquely placed horizontal arms and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This more or less cosmopolitan genus is represented in southern Africa by Molpadia millardae, described as new to ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Total length up to 29 mm; tail up to one-third body length, often shorter. Colour dirty grey, anterior end (oral ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Christiansund (Selenka, 1867). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Cosmopolitan general distribution at 50-3,257 m. No previous southern African records (Thandar, 1999). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: Atlantic Ocean, 1,316-3,678 m. (Thandar, 1999). Ecology: benthic, continental slope, abyssal, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: Celebes Strait and west coast of South Africa, 1,301-3,255 m. (Thandar, 1999). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: almost cosmopolitan, but not yet known from the North Atlantic, 2,100-6,770 m. (Thandar, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: South Orkney Island and trench, and the Atlantic Ocean (Thandar, 1999). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Known from Japan, the Gulf of Mexico, and South-West Coast of Africa, 184-3,225 m. No previous southern African ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Possibly cosmopolitan, 375-3231 m. (Thandar, 1999). Habitat: green mud (Thandar, 1999). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A22163; paratypes in South African Museum, Cape Town A27711 (3 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Sphaerothuria talismani Deichmann, 1930 is a mis-identification of Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Heding (1942) recognized only two species in this genus, namely Ypsilothuria talismani E. Perrier and Ypsilothuria ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (probable) Indian Museum, Calcutta (India) (2 specimens). Type locality: off Sri Lanka (6°52'N 81°11'E) ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

The genus: Molpadiodemas is treated as a synonym to Meseres. In family Gephyrothuriidae in Rowe & Gates (1995). ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Molpadia musculus Risso, 1826 by monotypy (not confirmed) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Treated as a synonym of Himasthlephora glauca Clark, 1907 in Thandar (1999). In addition, treated as a synonym of ... [details]