WoRMS source details

Thandar, A.S. (1999). Deep-sea Holothuroids taken by the R.V. Africana II in 1959, from off the West Coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., Vol. 105(9): 364-409, 16 figs, 2 tables
6346
Publication
Some 106 specimens of deep-sea holothuroids taken by the R.V. Africana II cruises off the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, in 1959 by the then Division of Sea Fisheries, are diagnosed and/or described. The material is distributed over 10 families, 13 genera, 15 nominal and two indeterminate species, and includes three recently described species (Thander 1998), a new species, Molpadia millardae, and nine new records for the southern African region, south of the tropic of Capricorn. Previous records of Echinocucumis typica sensu Clark, 1923 (non Sars, 1859), and Sphaerothuria talismani (partim) sensu Deichmann, 1930 (non E. Perrier, 1886), are based on misidentifications of Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893).
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin

Echinocucumis M. Sars, 1859 (additional source)
Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) (additional source)
Elpidia Théel, 1876 (additional source)
Elpidia gracilis Belyaev, 1975 (basis of record)
Gephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 (additional source)
Gephyrothuria glauca (Clark, 1908) accepted as Gephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Laetmogone perplexa Thandar, 1998 (basis of record)
Meseres Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Oloughlinius Pawson & Pawson in Pawson et al., 2015 (basis of record)
Meseres atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1902) accepted as Molpadiodemas atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1898) (basis of record)
Molpadia Cuvier, 1817 (additional source)
Molpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 (original description)
Molpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 (basis of record)
Orphnurgus protectus (Sluiter, 1901) (basis of record)
Pseudostichopus atlanticus Perrier R., 1898 accepted as Molpadiodemas atlanticus (R. Perrier, 1898) (source of synonymy)
Psolidium vitreum Ohshima, 1915 (basis of record)
Scotoplanes Théel, 1882 (additional source)
Scotoplanes globosa (Théel, 1879) (basis of record)
Sphaerothuria Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Ypsilothuria Perrier E., 1886 (additional source)
Sphaerothuria bitentaculata Ludwig, 1893 accepted as Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) (source of synonymy)
Sphaerothuria talismani (E. Perrier) accepted as Ypsilothuria talismani Perrier E., 1886 represented as Ypsilothuria talismani talismani E. Perrier, 1886 (basis of record)
Sphaerothuria talismani (E. Perrier) accepted as Ypsilothuria talismani Perrier E., 1886 represented as Ypsilothuria talismani talismani E. Perrier, 1886 (source of synonymy)
Ypsilothuria Perrier E., 1886 (additional source)
Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) (additional source)
Mozambique for Benthodytes typica Théel, 1882 
South Africa (country) for Benthodytes lingua Perrier R., 1896 
South Africa (country) for Benthodytes typica Théel, 1882 
South Africa (country) for Benthodytes valdiviae Hansen, 1975 
South Africa (country) for Echinocucumis hispida (Barrett, 1857) 
South Africa (country) for Elpidia gracilis Belyaev, 1975 
South Africa (country) for Gephyrothuria alcocki Koehler & Vaney, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Molpadia millardae Thandar, 1999 
South Africa (country) for Orphnurgus protectus (Sluiter, 1901) 
South Africa (country) for Paracucumaria capense Thandar, 1998 
South Africa (country) for Psolidium vitreum Ohshima, 1915 
South Africa (country) for Psolidothuria octodactyla Thandar, 1998 
South Africa (country) for Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) 
 Description

Papillae inconspicuous, dark violet; pedicels not crowded, short, truncate, retractile into pockets; large wheels ... [details]

 Description

This genus includes ypsilothuriids with thecal plates made up of only a single layer of calcacerous material. ... [details]

 Description

This genus is well characterized by its rod-shaped spicules with two pairs of obliquely placed horizontal arms and ... [details]

 Description

This more or less cosmopolitan genus is represented in southern Africa by Molpadia millardae, described as new to ... [details]

 Description

Total length up to 29 mm; tail up to one-third body length, often shorter. Colour dirty grey, anterior end (oral ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Christiansund (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Cosmopolitan general distribution at 50-3,257 m. No previous southern African records (Thandar, 1999). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Atlantic Ocean, 1,316-3,678 m. (Thandar, 1999). Ecology: benthic, continental slope, abyssal, ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Celebes Strait and west coast of South Africa, 1,301-3,255 m. (Thandar, 1999). [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: almost cosmopolitan, but not yet known from the North Atlantic, 2,100-6,770 m. (Thandar, ... [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: South Orkney Island and trench, and the Atlantic Ocean (Thandar, 1999). [details]

 Distribution

Known from Japan, the Gulf of Mexico, and South-West Coast of Africa, 184-3,225 m. No previous southern African ... [details]

 Distribution

Possibly cosmopolitan, 375-3231 m. (Thandar, 1999). Habitat: green mud (Thandar, 1999). [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A22163; paratypes in South African Museum, Cape Town A27711 (3 ... [details]

 Remark

Sphaerothuria talismani Deichmann, 1930 is a mis-identification of Ypsilothuria bitentaculata (Ludwig, 1893) ... [details]

 Remark

Heding (1942) recognized only two species in this genus, namely Ypsilothuria talismani E. Perrier and Ypsilothuria ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes (probable) Indian Museum, Calcutta (India) (2 specimens). Type locality: off Sri Lanka (6°52'N 81°11'E) ... [details]

 Remark

The genus: Molpadiodemas is treated as a synonym to Meseres. In family Gephyrothuriidae in Rowe & Gates (1995). ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Molpadia musculus Risso, 1826 by monotypy (not confirmed) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 synonymy

original combination [details]

 synonymy

Treated as a synonym of Himasthlephora glauca Clark, 1907 in Thandar (1999). In addition, treated as a synonym of ... [details]