WoRMS source details

Massin, C. (1999). Reef-dwelling Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) of the Spermonde Archipelago (South-West Sulawesi, Indonesia). Zoologische Verhandelingen 329, Leiden. 144 pp.
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Afrocucumis Deichmann, 1944 (basis of record)
Bohadschia drachi Cherbonnier, 1954 accepted as Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Bohadschia vitiensis (Semper, 1868) (additional source)
Cladolabes Brandt, 1835 (basis of record)
Cucumaria semperi Bell, 1884 accepted as Hemithyone semperi (Bell, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria turbinata (Hutton, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Hemithyone Pawson, 1963 (basis of record)
Holothuria (Microthele) fuscogilva Cherbonnier, 1980 (source of synonymy)
Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) (additional source)
Holothuria Gräffei Semper, 1868 accepted as Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria miliaris Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (basis of record)
Holothuria miliaris Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria rugosa Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria vitiensis Semper, 1868 accepted as Bohadschia vitiensis (Semper, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) (additional source)
Microthele nobilis (Selenka, 1867) accepted as Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Muelleria lecanora Jaeger, 1833 accepted as Actinopyga lecanora (Jaeger, 1833) (source of synonymy)
Mülleria nobilis Selenka, 1867 accepted as Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) (additional source)
Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) (basis of record)
Stichopus herrmanni Semper, 1868 (basis of record)
Stichopus quadrifasciatus Massin, 1999 (original description)
Synapta recta Semper, 1867 accepted as Synaptula recta (Semper, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Synaptula recta (Semper, 1867) (additional source)
Urodemas ehrenbergii Selenka, 1868 accepted as Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Urodemas gracile Selenka, 1868 accepted as Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Urodemella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) accepted as Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Aldabra for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Aldabra for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Aldabra for Chiridota stuhlmanni Lampert, 1896 
Aldabra for Euapta godeffroyi (Semper, 1868) 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis Semper, 1868 
Aldabra for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Aldabra for Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) 
Aldabra for Polyplectana kefersteinii (Selenka, 1867) 
Aldabra for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Chagos for Bohadschia argus Jaeger, 1833 
Chagos for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Chagos for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Chagos for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Chagos for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Chagos for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Chagos for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Chagos for Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) 
Chagos for Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) 
Comores for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Comores for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Comores for Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) 
Djibouti for Synaptula recta (Semper, 1867) 
Kenya for Actinopyga lecanora (Jaeger, 1833) 
Kenya for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Kenya for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Kenya for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Kenya for Holothuria (Stauropora) fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833 
Kenya for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Kenya for Labidodemas semperianum Selenka, 1867 
Kenya for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Madagascar for Actinopyga lecanora (Jaeger, 1833) 
Madagascar for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Madagascar for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Madagascar for Bohadschia argus Jaeger, 1833 
Madagascar for Bohadschia vitiensis (Semper, 1868) 
Madagascar for Chiridota stuhlmanni Lampert, 1896 
Madagascar for Euapta godeffroyi (Semper, 1868) 
Madagascar for Hemithyone semperi (Bell, 1884) 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis Semper, 1868 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Platyperona) excellens (Ludwig, 1875) 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Semperothuria) flavomaculata Semper, 1868 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Stauropora) fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Stauropora) hawaiiensis Fisher, 1907 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Stauropora) olivacea Ludwig, 1888 
Madagascar for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Madagascar for Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) 
Madagascar for Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) 
Madagascar for Opheodesoma grisea (Semper, 1867) 
Madagascar for Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) 
Madagascar for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Madagascar for Thelenota anax Clark, 1921 
Madagascar for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
Mauritius for Actinopyga lecanora (Jaeger, 1833) 
Mauritius for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Mauritius for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Mauritius for Euapta godeffroyi (Semper, 1868) 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis Semper, 1868 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Stauropora) fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833 
Mauritius for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Mauritius for Thelenota ananas (Jaeger, 1833) 
Mozambique for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Mozambique for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Mozambique for Hemithyone semperi (Bell, 1884) 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Stauropora) fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Mozambique for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
Red Sea for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Red Sea for Chiridota stuhlmanni Lampert, 1896 
Red Sea for Euapta godeffroyi (Semper, 1868) 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
 Description

Spotted specimens came from Zanzibar, the black specimens from Hawaii (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-20 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); widespread indo-West ... [details]

 Distribution

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific, excluding the Persian Gulf and Hawaii (Conand, 1998). [details]

 Holotype

Holotype whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Bohol, Philippines (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Zoologisches Museum für Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany). Type docality: Fiji (as 'viti-Inseln') (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Remark

In family Cucumariidae in Cherbonnier (1988). Type species: Cucumaria semperi Bell, 1884 by original designation ... [details]

 Remark

In family Phyllophoridae in Cherbonnier, 1988. Type species: Cucumaria africana Semper, 1868 by original ... [details]

 Remark

Lectotype: Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 819. Type ... [details]

 Remark

See remark under S. variegatus. S. hermanni (new status assignment) in Rowe & Gates (1995). Stichopus variegatus ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany), Zoologisches Museum, ... [details]

 Spelling

Spelled P. gräffei in Cherbonnier, 1988 [210]. Type locality: Viti Island, Fiji [details]

 synonymy

Original combination. According to Rowe & Gates (1995) is a synonym of Bohadschia marmorata (Jaeger, 1833). [details]

 synonymy

Original combination. Regarded as a Subgenus (Microthele) brandt, 1835. Treated as a synonym of H. (M.) maculata ... [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination. According to Rowe & Gates (1995) is a synonym of Bohadschia graeffei (Semper, 1868). [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]