WoRMS source details

Clark, A.M. (1974). Notes on some echinoderms from southern Africa. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology). 26(6): 423-487, 3 pls, 16 figs, 1 map, 3 tables.
6308
Clark, A.M.
1974
Notes on some echinoderms from southern Africa
Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology)
26(6): 423-487, 3 pls, 16 figs, 1 map, 3 tables
Publication
The main part of this paper deals with noteworthy species of echinoderms (excepting holothurians) from around the mainland of southern Africa south of the Tropic of Capricorn, with appendices on a few species from off-lying localities including the Vema Seamount, Walter's Shoal, a peak of the South-West Indian Ocean Ridge and Madagascar. Most of the specimens came from the Ecological Survey of the University of Cape Town, but some were collected in conjunction with the International Indian Ocean Year, notably by the 'Anton Bruun' ; a few from the British Museum collections are also dealt with. Three new species of ophiuroids are described and the ranges of four other ophiuroids and two unstalked crinoids are extended to Southern Africa. A lectotype is selected for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John and taxonomic changes are made to several nominal species of other Asterozoa, including transfers to different genera, alterations in rank and synonymies (see p. 483).
Indian Ocean
Madagascar
South Africa
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) gibbosus Ljungman, 1867 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Unioplus) falcatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) furcatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Amphioplus) pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura adjecta Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura compressa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura kalki Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna Verrill, 1899 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna valida (Clark, 1939) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna valida (Clark, 1939) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina dyscrita H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterodiscides A. M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis plana Lyman, 1869 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioleuce seminudum Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela beauforti (Engel, 1949) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura trimeni Bell, 1905 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiura) trimeni Bell, 1905 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Cape of Good Hope for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
Cape Peninsula for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Town for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura trimeni Bell, 1905 
Cove Rock for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 
Hermanus for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia microplax Burfield, 1924  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) grandisquama natalensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura albella Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHacelia capensis Mortensen, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLophaster quadrispinus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia avicularia Fisher, 1913  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis f. africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha striolata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis plana Lyman, 1869 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsammium nudum H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix aristulata Lyman, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura trimeni Bell, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsilaster acuminatus Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Tongati for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsammium nudum H.L. Clark, 1923 
Tongati for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Tropical Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

SW Indian Ocean Ridge N of the Crozet Islands; Depth range : 400 m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

nom. nov. for Asterodiscus Gray, 1847. Type species: Asterodiscus elegans Gray 1847, by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus: ( Amphioplus) Verrill, 1899. Type locality: off Durban, 410 m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus: (Lymanella) A.M. Clark, 1970. Type locality: off Tugela River mouth, Natal, 46m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus: Ophiothrix Müller & Troschel, 1840. Type locality: Denmark. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Placement in family tentative; classified as incertae sedis in A.M. Clark (1974). Type locality: off Zanzibar, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntype Museum of comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 1164. Type locality: ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species of the subgenus: (Unioplus) Fell, 1962 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Type locality: off Durban, 410 m. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha spinulosa Müller & Troschel, 1842 (=Asterias bidentata Retzius, 1805) by subsequent ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

between [Breede] River and Sebastian Bluff, intertidal. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

False Bay, 27-28 m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

False Bay, South Africa, 27-28m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Florida Strait, c. 200 m. According to Mortensen (1933) and Clark, H.L. (1946), O. profundi Lütken & Mortensen, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

NE of Durban, 118 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

NE of East London, South Africa, 55m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Near Hermanus, between False Bay and Cape Agulhas. Type specie of the genus (Spatagobrissus) H.L. Clark, 1923 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

near Tongaat River mouth, Natal [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

near Tugela River mouth, Natal, 77-150 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

off Durban, 64m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

off Southern Somalia, 1289 and 1644 m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Se of Tongaat River, Natal, 66m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

SW of Cove Rock, East London, 40m [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

W of Cape Peninsula, 420 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

W of Cape Town, 285-420 m [details]