WoRMS source details

Clark, A.M. (1974). Notes on some echinoderms from southern Africa. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology). 26(6): 423-487, 3 pls, 16 figs, 1 map, 3 tables.
6308
Clark, A.M.
1974
Notes on some echinoderms from southern Africa
Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology)
26(6): 423-487, 3 pls, 16 figs, 1 map, 3 tables
Publication
The main part of this paper deals with noteworthy species of echinoderms (excepting holothurians) from around the mainland of southern Africa south of the Tropic of Capricorn, with appendices on a few species from off-lying localities including the Vema Seamount, Walter's Shoal, a peak of the South-West Indian Ocean Ridge and Madagascar. Most of the specimens came from the Ecological Survey of the University of Cape Town, but some were collected in conjunction with the International Indian Ocean Year, notably by the 'Anton Bruun' ; a few from the British Museum collections are also dealt with. Three new species of ophiuroids are described and the ranges of four other ophiuroids and two unstalked crinoids are extended to Southern Africa. A lectotype is selected for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John and taxonomic changes are made to several nominal species of other Asterozoa, including transfers to different genera, alterations in rank and synonymies (see p. 483).
Indian Ocean
Madagascar
South Africa
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 (basis of record)
Amphioplus Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Amphioplus (Lymanella) gibbosus Ljungman, 1867 (taxonomy source)
Amphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Amphioplus (Unioplus) falcatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) furcatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Amphioplus (Amphioplus) pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Amphiura adjecta Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Amphiura compressa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Amphiura kalki Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Amphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Amphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 (basis of record)
Anamphiura H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Amphilimna Verrill, 1899 (source of synonymy)
Anamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Amphilimna valida (Clark, 1939) (source of synonymy)
Anamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 accepted as Amphilimna valida (Clark, 1939) (basis of record)
Asteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Marthasterias africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Asterina dyscrita H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Parvulastra dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Asterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Asterodiscides A. M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (basis of record)
Crotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (additional source)
Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (basis of record)
Ophiacantha Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Ophiactis plana Lyman, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 accepted as Ophioleuce seminudum Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Ophiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Ophionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Ophiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 (original description)
Ophiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 (basis of record)
Ophiothela beauforti (Engel, 1949) accepted as Ophiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Ophiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) (additional source)
Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Ophiura trimeni Bell, 1905 represented as Ophiura (Ophiura) trimeni Bell, 1905 (basis of record)
Patiriella dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Parvulastra dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) (new combination reference)
Spatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Cape of Good Hope for Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
Cape Peninsula for Ophiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Town for Ophiura trimeni Bell, 1905 
Cove Rock for Asterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
Durban for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
Durban for Amphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Ophionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Amphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Ophiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 
Hermanus for Spatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Kenya for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Kenya for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936 
Madagascar for Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mauritius for Oligometra serripinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
Mozambique for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
Mozambique for Ophiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Mozambique for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936 
Somalia for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Somalia for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
South Africa (country) for Amphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Amphiodia microplax Burfield, 1924  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura (Amphiura) grandisquama natalensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura albella Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Anamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Asterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
South Africa (country) for Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948 
South Africa (country) for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Ceramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Crotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Glyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Hacelia capensis Mortensen, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Lophaster quadrispinus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Luidia avicularia Fisher, 1913  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Marthasterias glacialis f. africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
South Africa (country) for Oligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
South Africa (country) for Ophiacantha striolata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Ophiactis plana Lyman, 1869 
South Africa (country) for Ophiomitrella corynephora H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Ophionephthys lowelli A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Ophiopsammium nudum H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Ophiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Ophiopsila seminuda A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
South Africa (country) for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Ophiothrix aristulata Lyman, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
South Africa (country) for Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Ophiura trimeni Bell, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Patiriella dyscrita (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Psilaster acuminatus Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Spatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Tanzania for Anamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
Tanzania for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Tanzania for Ophiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Tongati for Ophiopsammium nudum H.L. Clark, 1923 
Tongati for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Tropical Africa for Ophiopsila bispinosa A.M. Clark, 1974 
 Distribution

SW Indian Ocean Ridge N of the Crozet Islands; Depth range : 400 m [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

 Remark

nom. nov. for Asterodiscus Gray, 1847. Type species: Asterodiscus elegans Gray 1847, by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: ( Amphioplus) Verrill, 1899. Type locality: off Durban, 410 m [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: (Lymanella) A.M. Clark, 1970. Type locality: off Tugela River mouth, Natal, 46m [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: Ophiothrix Müller & Troschel, 1840. Type locality: Denmark. [details]

 Remark

Placement in family tentative; classified as incertae sedis in A.M. Clark (1974). Type locality: off Zanzibar, ... [details]

 Remark

Syntype Museum of comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 1164. Type locality: ... [details]

 Remark

Type species of the subgenus: (Unioplus) Fell, 1962 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Type locality: off Durban, 410 m. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha spinulosa Müller & Troschel, 1842 (=Asterias bidentata Retzius, 1805) by subsequent ... [details]

 Synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 Type locality

between [Breede] River and Sebastian Bluff, intertidal. [details]

 Type locality

False Bay, 27-28 m [details]

 Type locality

False Bay, South Africa, 27-28m [details]

 Type locality

Florida Strait, c. 200 m. According to Mortensen (1933) and Clark, H.L. (1946), O. profundi Lütken & Mortensen, ... [details]

 Type locality

NE of Durban, 118 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Type locality

NE of East London, South Africa, 55m [details]

 Type locality

Near Hermanus, between False Bay and Cape Agulhas. Type specie of the genus (Spatagobrissus) H.L. Clark, 1923 ... [details]

 Type locality

near Tongaat River mouth, Natal [details]

 Type locality

near Tugela River mouth, Natal, 77-150 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Type locality

off Durban, 64m [details]

 Type locality

off Southern Somalia, 1289 and 1644 m [details]

 Type locality

Se of Tongaat River, Natal, 66m [details]

 Type locality

SW of Cove Rock, East London, 40m [details]

 Type locality

W of Cape Peninsula, 420 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Type locality

W of Cape Town, 285-420 m [details]