WoRMS source details

Fry, C.H., S. Keith & E.K. Urban (1988). The Birds of Africa, Volume III. Academic Press, London.
6170
Publication
Third in the series, it completes the non-passerines. It deals with the Orders Psittaciformes, Musophagiformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Coliiformes, Coraciifromes and Piciformes. As with the previous volume, the colour plates are all by Martin Woodcock. Again the line drawings are by Ian Willis and acoustic references by Claude Chapuis.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Alcedo Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Alcedo semitorquata Swainson, 1823 (basis of record)
Apus (basis of record)
Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Apus berliozi Ripley, 1965 (basis of record)
Asio Brisson, 1760 (basis of record)
Asio capensis (Smith, 1834) (basis of record)
Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) (basis of record)
Bycanistes bucinator (Temminck, 1824) accepted as Ceratogymna bucinator (Temminck, 1824) (source of synonymy)
Caprimulgus Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 (basis of record)
Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823 (basis of record)
Ceratogymna Bonaparte, 1854 (basis of record)
Ceratogymna bucinator (Temminck, 1824) (basis of record)
Ceryle Boie, 1828 (basis of record)
Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Ceuthmochares Cabanis & Heine, 1863 (basis of record)
Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) (basis of record)
Coracias (basis of record)
Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 (basis of record)
Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Corythornis Kaup, 1848 (basis of record)
Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764) (basis of record)
Cuculus Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863 (basis of record)
Cypsiurus Lesson, 1843 (basis of record)
Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) (basis of record)
Halcyon (basis of record)
Halcyon chloris (Boddaert, 1783) accepted as Todiramphus chloris (Boddaert, 1783) (basis of record)
Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834 (basis of record)
Lybius Hermann, 1783 (basis of record)
Lybius melanopterus (Peters, 1854) (basis of record)
Megaceryle Kaup, 1848 (basis of record)
Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769) (basis of record)
Merops Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Merops albicollis Vieillot, 1817 (basis of record)
Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 (basis of record)
Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 (basis of record)
Merops pusillus Müller, 1776 (basis of record)
Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 (basis of record)
Neafrapus Mathews, 1918 (basis of record)
Neafrapus boehmi (Schalow, 1882) (basis of record)
Scotopelia (basis of record)
Scotopelia peli (Bonaparte, 1850) (basis of record)
Aldabra for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Aldabra for Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 
Djibouti for Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823 
Djibouti for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 
Eritrea for Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823 
Eritrea for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eritrea for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 
Eritrea for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 
Eritrea for Melanocorypha bimaculata (Ménétries, 1832) 
Eritrea for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 
Eritrea for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 
Kenya for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Apus berliozi Ripley, 1965 
Kenya for Asio capensis (Smith, 1834) 
Kenya for Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) 
Kenya for Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 
Kenya for Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823 
Kenya for Ceratogymna bucinator (Temminck, 1824) 
Kenya for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Kenya for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) 
Kenya for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 
Kenya for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Kenya for Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764) 
Kenya for Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863 
Kenya for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 
Kenya for Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834 
Kenya for Lybius melanopterus (Peters, 1854) 
Kenya for Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769) 
Kenya for Merops albicollis Vieillot, 1817 
Kenya for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 
Kenya for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 
Kenya for Merops pusillus Müller, 1776 
Kenya for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 
Kenya for Neafrapus boehmi (Schalow, 1882) 
Kenya for Scotopelia peli (Bonaparte, 1850) 
Madagascar for Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863 
Madagascar for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 
Mozambique for Alcedo semitorquata Swainson, 1823 
Mozambique for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Asio capensis (Smith, 1834) 
Mozambique for Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 
Mozambique for Ceratogymna bucinator (Temminck, 1824) 
Mozambique for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) 
Mozambique for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 
Mozambique for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Mozambique for Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764) 
Mozambique for Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863 
Mozambique for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 
Mozambique for Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834 
Mozambique for Lybius melanopterus (Peters, 1854) 
Mozambique for Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769) 
Mozambique for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 
Mozambique for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 
Mozambique for Merops pusillus Müller, 1776 
Mozambique for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 
Mozambique for Neafrapus boehmi (Schalow, 1882) 
Mozambique for Scotopelia peli (Bonaparte, 1850) 
Red Sea for Alaemon alaudipes (Desfontaines, 1789) 
Red Sea for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Red Sea for Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) 
Red Sea for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Red Sea for Halcyon chloris (Boddaert, 1783) 
Red Sea for Melanocorypha bimaculata (Ménétries, 1832) 
Red Sea for Merops pusillus Müller, 1776 
Seychelles for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Seychelles for Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758 
Somalia for Apus berliozi Ripley, 1965 
Somalia for Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) 
Somalia for Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823 
Somalia for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Somalia for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) 
Somalia for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 
Somalia for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Somalia for Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764) 
Somalia for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 
Somalia for Halcyon chloris (Boddaert, 1783) 
Somalia for Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834 
Somalia for Lybius melanopterus (Peters, 1854) 
Somalia for Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769) 
Somalia for Merops albicollis Vieillot, 1817 
Somalia for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 
Somalia for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773 
Somalia for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766 
South Africa (country) for Alcedo semitorquata Swainson, 1823 
South Africa (country) for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
South Africa (country) for Asio capensis (Smith, 1834) 
South Africa (country) for Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857 
South Africa (country) for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
South Africa (country) for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817) 
South Africa (country) for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766 
South Africa (country) for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 
South Africa (country) for Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764) 
South Africa (country) for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 
South Africa (country) for Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834 
South Africa (country) for Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769) 
South Africa (country) for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788 
South Africa (country) for Merops pusillus Müller, 1776 
South Africa (country) for Scotopelia peli (Bonaparte, 1850) 
English African palm swift for Cypsiurus parvus (Lichtenstein, 1823)
English bat-like spinetail for Neafrapus boehmi (Schalow, 1882)
English bee-eater for Merops Linnaeus, 1758
English blue-cheeked bee-eater for Merops persicus Pallas, 1773
English Bohm's spinetail for Neafrapus boehmi (Schalow, 1882)
English brown-breasted barbet for Lybius melanopterus (Peters, 1854)
English carmine bee-eater for Merops nubicus Gmelin, 1788
English common cuckoo for Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758
English common swift for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English European cuckoo for Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758
English European roller for Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758
English European swift for Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Forbes-Watson's swift for Apus berliozi Ripley, 1965
English Gabon nightjar for Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857
English giant kingfisher for Megaceryle maxima (Pallas, 1769)
English green malkoha for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817)
English half-collared kingfisher for Alcedo semitorquata Swainson, 1823
English lilac-breasted roller for Coracias caudatus Linnaeus, 1766
English little bee-eater for Merops pusillus Müller, 1776
English Madagascar bee-eater for Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766
English Madagascar lesser cuckoo for Cuculus rochii Hartlaub, 1863
English malachite kingfisher for Corythornis cristatus (Pallas, 1764)
English mangrove kingfisher for Halcyon senegaloides Smith, 1834
English marsh owl for Asio capensis (Smith, 1834)
English Nubian nightjar for Caprimulgus nubicus Lichtenstein, 1823
English Pel's fishing-owl for Scotopelia peli (Bonaparte, 1850)
English pied kingfisher for Ceryle rudis (Linnaeus, 1758)
English short-eared owl for Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763)
English square-tailed for Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, 1857
English trumpeter hornbill for Ceratogymna bucinator (Temminck, 1824)
English white-collared kingfisher [from synonym] for Halcyon chloris (Boddaert, 1783)
English white-throated bee-eater for Merops albicollis Vieillot, 1817
English yellowbill for Ceuthmochares aereus (Vieillot, 1817)
 Description

Generally does not possess any of the elaborate feather modifications of other genera; e.g. elongate wing feathers, ... [details]

 Description

Length: 115-120 mm. Shaggy crest. Colour: Adult: upperparts deep blue; top of head turquoise with black bars; ... [details]

 Description

Length: 14-17 cm. Plumage: uniform brownish-grey; tail long and deeply forked and pointed. Immature edges to ... [details]

 Description

Length: 14-18 cm. Plumage: above green; below ochre-yellow belly, chestnut to cinnamon breast, black breast-band ... [details]

 Description

Length: 16-17 cm. Plumage: sooty-brown with large white throat patch; sometimes with forehead whitish; some with ... [details]

 Description

Length: 16-18 cm. Plumage: uniform dark brown with whitish throat; forked tail. Immature below, white edges to ... [details]

 Description

Length: 17-20 cm. Plumage: blue green above; white collar continuous with all-white underparts; narrow white ... [details]

 Description

Length: 180-200 mm. Colour: Adult: Bright blue and turquoise upperparts; white nape patches, chin and throat; white ... [details]

 Description

Length: 18-19 cm. Plumage: crown to back black with red tips to feathers; wing coverts brown with white shafts; ... [details]

 Description

Length: 19-20 cm not including median rectrix extension which is over 12.5 cm. Plumage: above, olive green on back, ... [details]

 Description

Length: 21-23 cm. Plumage: head and back silvery-grey with rufous collar on hindneck and white line from bill to ... [details]

 Description

Length: 215-230 mm. Colour: Adult: head, breast, flanks and belly grey, blue grey on back, rump azure blue; wings ... [details]

 Description

Length: 230-250 mm. Crest flat. Colour: Adult: Crest black, superciliary stripe white; ear coverts black; cheeks, ... [details]

 Description

Length: 23-24 cm not including elongate central rectrices which can be 7 cm. Plumage: above dull olive green, paler ... [details]

 Description

Length: 23-24 cm. Plumage: back and wing coverts dark brown with pale edges; mantle buff crown dark brown bordered ... [details]

 Description

Length: 23-24.5 cm exclusive of elongate central rectrices which may be 7 cm. Plumage: above and below bright ... [details]

 Description

Length: 24-26 cm not including elongate central rectrices which can add 10 cm. Plumage: almost entirely various ... [details]

 Description

Length: 26-28 cm. Plumage: dark grey above; throat grey; breast to crissum barred black and white; crissum cream; ... [details]

 Description

Length: 30-35 cm. Plumage: above soft greenish grey with diffuse blue or green iridescence on back and long tail; ... [details]

 Description

Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: above grey; below throat and chest pale grey, belly barred black and white; long heavy ... [details]

 Description

Length: 32-36 cm. Plumage: above, back light brown, rump purplish blue; deeply forked tail greenish cobalt blue; wing ... [details]

 Description

Length: 32-38 cm. Plumage: brown above and below, vermiculated and barred with buff below; round face pale brown ... [details]

 Description

Length: 38 cm. Plumage: pale tawny buff with darker streaks; facial disc pale buff with darker border; dusky around ... [details]

 Description

Length: 380-430 mm. Colour: Adult male: Crest dark slate with white speckles; back and wings slatey-black with ... [details]

 Description

Length: 58-65 cm. Plumage: black above with rump and ends of outer rectrices white; tips of secondaries and inner ... [details]

 Description

Length: 61-63 cm. Plumage: above tawny rufous barred brownish black; below tawny buff streaked and spotted blackish ... [details]

 Description

Length: 7.8-10 cm. Plumage: above black; rump white; belly white, throat, breast and sides brownish-grey. Wings ... [details]

 Description

Size: medium to giant size. Plumage: hard in texture; markedly sexually dimorphic; tail long; inter-ramal feathers ... [details]

 Description

Size: medium to large. Plumage: lacks bold facial stripes; tail short to moderate. Other characters: large deep ... [details]

 Description
 for Coracias

Size: medium. Plumage: blue and pink. Other characters: black bill. Display flight fast and tumbling. [details]

 Description

Size: medium. Plumage: black and white; feathers of crown large, broad. Other characters: male with large well ... [details]

 Description

Size: medium. Plumage: soft, black and white. Tail long. Slightly sexually dimorphic. Other characters: bill ... [details]

 Description

Size: medium. Plumage: no distinct pattern, soft, diffuse, glossed blue or green above; tail long and graduated; wings ... [details]

 Description
 for Halcyon

Size: medium. Plumage: always some blue in the plumage; tail relatively long; outer primary shorter than 5th; tibia ... [details]

 Description

Size: medium. Plumage: ear tufts placed close together above eyes, either short or long; wings long, narrow; tail ... [details]

 Description
 for Apus

Size: medium. Plumage: black or brown with whitish throats. Other characters: feet heterodactyl, but appear ... [details]

 Description

Size: small to medium. Plumage: rump and belly white: uppertail-coverts dark; tail very short with spines. Other ... [details]

 Description

Size: small to medium. Plumage: most grey above, barred below; rump feathers thick, long and stiff forming a pad; ... [details]

 Description

Size: small, slender. Plumage: colourful; feathers of throat contrasting with breast, but not long or dependent. ... [details]

 Description

Size: small. Plumage: blue upper and rufous under parts; tail short. Other characters: bill laterally flattened, ... [details]

 Description

Size: small. Plumage: plain brown; long forked tail. Other characters: feet modified pamprodactyl, deeply divided ... [details]

 Description

Size: very small. Bill somewhat fattened laterally; red or black. Plumage: blue and chestnut above, chestnut below; ... [details]

 Description
 for Scotopelia

Size; medium to large. Plumage: poorly developed facial disc, no eartufts; head, nape and flank feathers long and ... [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with C. abyssinica and C. caudata. Please remove. [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with C. abyssinica and C. garrulus [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with C. poliocephalus [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with A. pallidus, A. barabtus & A. bradfieldi [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with A. unicolor & A. niansae [details]

 Remark

Forms a superspecies with M. persicus [details]

 Remark

Forms superspecies with M. superciliosus [details]

 Remark

Taxonomically difficult genus, several controversies exist as to placement of certain species within other genera. [details]