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Webster, Henry E. (1879). The Annelida Chaetopoda of the Virginian coast. Transactions of the Albany Institute. 9: 202-269, plates I-XI.
52034
Webster, Henry E.
1879
The Annelida Chaetopoda of the Virginian coast
Transactions of the Albany Institute
9: 202-269, plates I-XI
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
[None. The work starts as:]
The Annelida catalogued and described in the following pages were collected in the summer months of 1874 and 1876, by the zoölogical expeditions which, for some years past, Union College has sent out during the summer vacation. The locality was in Northampton Co., Virginia, (Eastern shore of Va.), between the main-land and the line of outside islands. Collecting on the eastern shore is in many respects unpleasant. The coast is monotonous; there is very little variety of station, unless a change from soft black mud to softer blacker mud can be called variety. At low-water a great area is exposed, but from high-water mark to the edges of the channels it is always mud; and when the dredge is let down it comes up filled with the same variety of mud; of course under such circumstances the work itself can not be pleasant. However, there was abundence of life. At low water the flats were black with Ilyanassa obsoleta Stimp., and two species of Gelasimus were present in numbers that defied computation; oysters and blue-crabs were everywhere; Amphitrite ornata was so common that in many places their extended tentacles almost touched each other; Marphysa sanguinea appeared at every turn of the spade or haul of the dredge; Nereis limbata, Drilonereis longa, Cirratulus grandis, Enoplobranchus sanguineus and other worms were present in the mud in great numbers; small annelids and molluscs abounded among the oysters. By far the greater part of our work was done with the spade at low-water. With the exception of the Syllidae and some other small forms, nearly every species dredged was also found between tides. In a few places we found what our boatmen called "rocky bottoms." The rocks were a thin layer of dead shells, that had been washed into the deeper parts of the channels and remained there. These shells had been very thoroughly excavated by a species of sponge and other boring animals, and in the galleries thus formed most of the smaller species of annelids were found.
North-western Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Antinoe parasitica Webster, 1879 accepted as Lepidametria commensalis Webster, 1879 (original description)
Aricia rubra Webster, 1879 accepted as Scoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Aricidea Webster, 1879 (original description)
Aricidea fragilis Webster, 1879 represented as Aricidea (Aricidea) fragilis Webster, 1879 (original description)
Cabira Webster, 1879 (original description)
Cabira incerta Webster, 1879 (original description)
Drilonereis longa Webster, 1879 (original description)
Enoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (additional source)
Eumida maculosa Webster, 1879 accepted as Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) (original description)
Lepidametria Webster, 1879 (original description)
Lepidametria commensalis Webster, 1879 (original description)
Lepidonote armadillo (Bosc, 1802) sensu Leidy, 1855 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Lepidonotus variabilis Webster, 1879 (original description)
Lysilla alba Webster, 1879 (original description)
Melinna maculata Webster, 1879 (original description)
Nereis irritabilis Webster, 1879 accepted as Ceratonereis (Composetia) irritabilis (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Nerine heteropoda Webster, 1879 accepted as Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (original description)
Paedophylax dispar Webster, 1879 accepted as Exogone dispar (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Pectinaria (Lagis) dubia Webster, 1879 accepted as Cistenides gouldii Verrill, 1873 (original description)
Phronia Webster, 1879 accepted as Pilargis Saint-Joseph, 1899 (original description)
Phronia tardigrada Webster, 1879 accepted as Pilargis tardigrada (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Phyllodoce fragilis Webster, 1879 accepted as Nereiphylla fragilis (original description)
Polydora hamata Webster, 1879 accepted as Boccardiella hamata (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Polynoe dasypus Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Potamilla tortuosa Webster, 1879 accepted as Pseudopotamilla oculifera (Leidy, 1855) (original description)
Proceraea caerulea Webster, 1879 (original description)
Proceraea tardigrada Webster, 1879 accepted as Autolytus ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (original description)
Sabellaria varians Webster, 1879 accepted as Sabellaria vulgaris Verrill, 1873 (original description)
Sphaerosyllis fortuita Webster, 1879 (original description)
Spiochaetopterus M Sars, 1856 (redescription)
Spiochaetopterus oculatus Webster, 1879 (original description)
Staurocephalus sociabilis Webster, 1879 accepted as Dorvillea sociabilis (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Syllis fragilis Webster, 1879 accepted as Eusyllis fragilis (Webster, 1879) (original description)
Trophonia arenosa Webster, 1879 accepted as Pherusa arenosa (Webster, 1879) (original description)
 Depth range

Subtidal to 75 m.  [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Webster (1879: 255): ''One antenna. Feet biramous. Dorsal rami with cirri; ventral rami with ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Webster (1879: 268): "Head divided into palpi. Body elongate, flattened, composed of numerous ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description, but probably the generic name Phronia refers to Phronia, the nymph of the ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, uncertain.  [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet incerta is a Latin adjective, feminine of incertus and meaning 'uncertain', ... [details]

 Habitat

Originally found in a fragment of loosely compacted sandstone. In medium-fine to fine-very fine sand, silty sand, ... [details]

 Homonymy

Original name pre-occupied by Polydora hamata Webster, 1879 (Annelida, Spionidae), replaced by Polydora posthamata ... [details]

 Homonymy

Saint-Joseph (1899: footnote on page 179) pointed that the name Phronia had already been in 1863 by Winnertz, for a ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Adjectival epithet anglica is not in gender agreement with genus. All genera names ending in -pterus are masculine. [details]

 Taxonomy

Webster (1879:246) emended the genus, removing the restriction of Sars to two segments for the mid body, and ... [details]

 Type locality

Northampton County, eastern shore of Virginia, between the mainland and the line of outside islands, Virginia, USA, ... [details]

 Type material

Type material was not found in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington (USNM), where most of Webster's polychaete ... [details]