WoRMS source details

San Martín, G. 1990. Eusyllinae (Syllidae, Polychaeta) from Cuba and Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 46(3): 590-619.
51681
Sanartín, M.; G
1990
Eusyllinae (Syllidae, Polychaeta) from Cuba and Gulf of Mexico
Bulletin of Marine Science
46(3): 590-619
Publication
Kristian Fauchald's Polychaeta DB
Twenty-one species of the genera Pionosyllis Malmgren, 1867, Eusyllis Malmgren, 1867, Syllides Orsted, 1845, Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857, Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 and Opisthodonta Langerhans, 1879 (Eusyllinae: Syllidae) principally from Cuba and also from the Gulf of Mexico are reported in this paper. The following new species are described: Pionosyllis spinisetosa, P. riojai, P. luquei, P. aciculata, P. aciculigrossa, Syllides gomezi, and Odontosyllis luminosa. The species Pionosyllis divaricata (Keferstein, 1862), P. lamelligera Saint-Joseph, 1856, Eusyllis kupfferi Langerhans, 1879, Amblyosyllis madeirensis Langerhans, 1879, A. dorsigera Claparède, 1864, A. algefnae Viguier, 1886 and Odontosyllis detecta Augener, 1913 are new to the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico area. The species Pionosyllis weissmanni Langerhans, 1879, P. gesae Perkins, 1981, Eusyllis lamelligera Marion and Bobretzky, 1875, Syllides floridanus Perkins, 1981 and Odontosyllis fulgurans (Audouin and M. Edwards, 1834) are furthermore new to the Cuban fauna. The species Syllides sp. and Opisthodonta sp. have been identified to generic level only.
Caribbean region
Gulf of Mexico
Systematics, Taxonomy
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Holotype USNM 122681, geounit Gulf of Mexico, identified as Pionosyllis aciculigrossa San Martín, 1990
Holotype USNM 122682, geounit Gulf of Mexico, identified as Pionosyllis spinisetosa San Martín, 1990
Paratype USNM 122683, geounit Gulf of Mexico, identified as Pionosyllis spinisetosa San Martín, 1990
Holotype MNCN 16.01/659, geounit Cuba, identified as Odontosyllis luminosa San Martín, 1990
Holotype MNCN 16.01/665, geounit Cuba, identified as Syllides gomezi San Martín, 1990
Paratype MNCN 16.01/675, geounit Cuba, identified as Pionosyllis spinisetosa San Martín, 1990
Holotype MNCN 16.01/676, geounit Cuba, identified as Pionosyllis riojai San Martín, 1990
Holotype MNCN 16.01/679, geounit Cuba, identified as Pionosyllis aciculata San Martín, 1990
Holotype MNCN 16.01/682., geounit Cuba, identified as Pionosyllis luquei San Martín, 1990
 Depth range

Sea surface (epitokous specimens) to 45 m (atokous specimens).  [details]

 Depth range

18-35 m. [details]

 Depth range

1-18 m. [details]

 Distribution

Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea (Cuba).  [details]

 Distribution

Caribbean Sea (Cuba).  [details]

 Distribution

Gulf of Mexico.  [details]

 Distribution

Caribbean Sea (Cuba).  [details]

 Distribution

Caribbean Sea (Cuba).  [details]

 Distribution

Gulf of Mexico (Florida) and Caribbean Sea (Cuba).  [details]

 Distribution

Gulf of Mexico (Cuba).  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet luminosa refers to the great power to emit light of living epitokous specimens.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet aciculata refers to the characteristic posterior aciculae of the species. [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet aciculigrossa is composed with the words acicula and the Latin word grossa, meaning thick, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honor of Dr. Angel Antonio Luque del Villar, prominent malacologist and chief of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honor of the late Dr. Enrique Rioja lo Bianco (1895-1963), a prominent Spanish biologist ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet spinisetosa refers to the long spines of the blades of the compound chaetae.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honor of Dr. Osvaldo Gómez, Instituto de Invstigaciones Marinas de la Universidad de la ... [details]

 Habitat

Epitokous specimens in the water column, atokous specimens in coarse sand.  [details]

 Habitat

Amongst algae and in coralline rocks and coral rubble, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Clayey sandy silt.  [details]

 Habitat

Inside coralline rocks and in coral rubble, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Coarse calcareous sand.  [details]

 Habitat

Coarse sand and in sponges on Rhizophora mangle roots, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Amongst algae, in living corals, and in coral rubble, at shallow water.  [details]

 Reproduction

Epitokous specimens emit light while in the water column. [details]

 Type locality

Caribbean Sea, Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (ancient Isle of Pines or Isla de los Pinos), off Punta de los Barcos ... [details]

 Type locality

Caribbean Sea, Cuba, Archipiélago de los Canarreos, off Cayo Matías (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with ... [details]

 Type locality

Gulf of Mexico, off Florida (28º23'59.3"N, 85º15'03"W).  [details]

 Type locality

Caribbean Sea, Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (ancient Isle of Pines or Isla de los Pinos), off Punta del Francés ... [details]

 Type locality

Caribbean Sea, Cuba, Isla de la Juventud (ancient Isle of Pines or Isla de los Pinos), off Punta Pedernales ... [details]

 Type locality

Gulf of Mexico, off Florida (29º54'58.6"N, 86º4'58.5"W).  [details]

 Type locality

Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, NW from La Havana, off La Herradura (geocoordinates not provided, estimated using gazetteer ... [details]