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SourceID34433
NameBoero, F., Bouillon J., Gravili C., 2000. A survey of Zanclea, Halocoryne and Zanclella (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Anthomedusae, Zancleidae) with description of new species. Ital. J. Zool. 67 1: 93-124.
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractThe genera Zanclea, Halocoryne and Zanclella are surveyed, with description of all known species. including eight new ones of Zanclea (Z. bomala, Z. divergens, Z. fanella, Z. giancarloi, Z. medusopolypata, Z. retractilis, Z. gilii, Z. birobitoi), two new species of Halocoryne (H. frasca, H. pirainoid), and two new ones of Zanclella (Z. diabolica, Z. glomboides). For most species, the description covers the whole life cycle. The hydroids of this group can be symbiotic with either bryozoans, bivalves, or corals and only few species are not substrate-specialist. Symbiotic relationships led to polymorphism and colony integration with the hosts. The morphologies of hydroid and medusa stages are often not consistent. so that species with very derived hydroids have non-derived medusae (e.g., Halocoryne pirainoid), or species with very derived medusae have non-derived hydroids (e.g., Zanclella diabolica). The architecture of the newly released medusae of Zanclella is exceptional due to a sharp compression of the exumbrella and of the presence of just two radial canals. A phylogenetic scenario is suggested, in spite of the inconsistencies in the rates of change in the two main stages of the cycle. Descriptors: Zanclea bomala, Zanclea divergens, Zanclea fanella, Zanclea giancarloi, Zanclea gilii, Zanclea hirohitoi, Zanclea medusopolypata, Zanclea retractilis, Zanclella diabolica, Zanclella glomboides, Halocoryne frasca, Halocoryne piranoid
Bibliographical
terms
Cycles, Saisonality, Phenology
Evolution
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
term
Hydrozoa
Taxa
(16)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalocoryne Hadzi, 1917 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalocoryne frasca Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalocoryne pirainoid Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea bomala Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea divergens Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea fanella Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea giancarloi Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea gilii Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea hirohitoi Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea hirohitoi Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea medusopolypata Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea protecta Hastings, 1932 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclea retractilis Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZancleidae Russell, 1953 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclella diabolica Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanclella glomboides Boero, Bouillon & Gravili, 2000 (original description)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
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