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SourceID23045
NameLicher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336
Type Publication
NoteWorld Polychaeta Database (WPolyD). Issue date 1999, but published early 2000.
AbstractThe genus Typosyllis (Langerhans, 1879) (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Syllinae) is revised for the first time. All distinct species of this taxon are described in detail and synonyms listed. Altogether, more than 1850 specimens representing 213 taxa were examined. Twenty-three taxa, previously assigned to Syllis, Langerhansia, Ehlersia or Pionosyllis, are transferred to the genus Typosyllis. Eight species previously assigned to Typosyllis or Syllis are transfered to other syllid taxa. One junior homonym is renamed. The following four species are described as new to science: T. hyllebergi sp. nov., T. mauretanica sp. nov., T. silkeae sp. nov. and T. taiwanensis sp. nov. Three names are treated as Syllinae incertae sedis. Fifty-five names are regarded as younger synonyms of previously described Typosyllis-species. Fifty-seven names are considered nomina dubia. Nine names are considered nomina nuda. The names Syllis atlantico and S. atlantica lineata originally erected as nomina nova have to be eliminated. According to this revision the genus Typosyllis comprises 107 distinct species. A key for identification of all species is provided. Four lectotypes and several paralectotypes are designated: Typosyllis vittata (Grube, 1840) (MPW 673), T. valida Grube, 1857 (ZMUC 881; ZMUC 890), T. neglecta (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 843 (LT); ZMB Verm. 11074 (PLT)) und T. violacea (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 844; ZMB 11073). For two species neotypes are designated: Typosyllis cornuta (Rathke, 1843) (NTNU) und T. prolifera (Krohn, 1852) (NHMG Inve-21334). In the computer-based, cladistic analysis of Typosyllis revealed 3 large monophyletic groups of complexes: the complex-group cornuta (22 species, 6 species-groups), the complex-group prolifera (49 species, 8 species-groups) and the complex-group armillaris (25 species, 4 species-groups). Eleven species cannot be assigned with certainty to any of these 18 species-groups. It is shown that the taxa previously assigned to the genus Langerhansia (species with falcigerous and pseudospinigerous chaetae) probably form a monophylum, whereas the taxa previously assigned to the genus Typosyllis (species with falcigerous chaetae only) form a paraphylum. Nevertheless, the taxa Langerhansia is eliminated by referring the respective species to the genus Typosyllis, since the distinction of these two groups is based only on slight, gradual differences in some characters, providing no sound reasoning for a correct assignment of some species to Typosyllis or to Langerhansia.
Taxa
(328)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmblyosyllis formosa (Claparède, 1863) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis bathyalis (Kirkegaard, 1995) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis maculata (Imajima, 1966) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis salina (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis verruculosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetosyllis oerstedi Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis oerstedi (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentatisyllis inflata (Marenzeller, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentatisyllis kiaorensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1992) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia (Syllis) cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia (Syllis) simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia beneliahui (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia ferrugina Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia ferruginea Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia garciai (Campoy, 1982) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis garciai (Campoy, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia rosea Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis rosea (Langerhans, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia rosea magna Westheide, 1974 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis (Syllis) [auct.] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis (Syllis) hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis chamaeleon Laubier, 1960 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis cratericola (Buzhinskaja, 1980) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongiphila (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida macrophthalma Johnston, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida macrophthalmus Johnston, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pontica (Czerniavsky, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsosyllis Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsosyllis armoricana (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia beneliahui Campoy & Alquézar, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia japonica Imajima, 1966 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLycastis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis incisa O. Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis incisa (O. Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis cucullata (Mc Intosh, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis glandulosa Augener, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegasyllis glandulosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis aciculigrossa San Martín, 1990 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis alternosetosa (Saint Joseph, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis hyalina (Grube, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerkinsyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1990) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis prolifera (Krohn, 1852) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis riojai San Martín, 1990 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis typica Moore, 1909 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longicirrata (Örsted, 1845) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) hyperioni Dorsey & Phillips, 1987 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) simplex (Langerhans, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) hamata Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) spongicola Grube, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) ferruginosa (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gracilis Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) alternata kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) alternosetosa Saint Joseph, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) amica Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) bouvieri Gravier, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) capensis Mc Intosh, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) cirropunctata Michel, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis cirropunctata (Michel, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corallicoides Augener, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corallicola Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corruscans (Haswell, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) fasciata Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis fasciata Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) hyalina Grube, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) krohni Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis krohni Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) krohnii Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis krohni Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) truncata cryptica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) truncata mediterranea Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) variegata Grube, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) variegata variegata Cognetti, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) vittata Grube, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis vittata Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) vivipara Krohn, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis vivipara Krohn, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) zonata (Haswell, 1833) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis abyssicola Ehlers, 1874 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis aesthetica Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis alternata Moore, 1908 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis alternosetosa Saint Joseph, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armandi Claparède, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis atlantica Cognetti, 1960 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis atlantica lineata Cognetti, 1960 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis bacilligera Claparède, 1868 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (redescription)

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