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Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Zootaxa. 3523: 25-38.
165015
Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D.
2012
Revision of the genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae)
Zootaxa
3523: 25-38
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Long-bodied polynoids, like Polyeunoa laevis McIntosh, 1885 and similar species which are often associated with coldwater corals, are regularly reported from Antarctic, Subantarctic and adjacent cold-temperate waters. The taxonomy of these species is confused and has been subject to various discussions in the past. For the revision presented here we examined the available type material and additional specimens of the following species: Polynoe antarctica Kinberg, 1858, Polyeunoa laevis McIntosh, 1885, Enipo rhombigera Ehlers, 1908, Hololepidella flynni Benham, 1921, Polyeunoe dubia Hartmann-Schröder, 1965, Polyeunoa monroi Averincev, 1978, and Polynoe thouarellicola Hartmann-Schröder, 1989. As a result we consider Polyeunoa laevis McIntosh, 1885, Parapolyeunoa flynni (Benham, 1921) n. comb., and Neopolynoe antarctica (Kinberg, 1858) n. comb. as valid species. Enipo rhombigera Ehlers, 1908, Polyeunoe dubia Hartmann-Schröder, 1965, and Polynoe thouarellicola Hartmann-Schröder, 1989 are junior synonyms of Polyeunoa laevis. Polyeunoa monroi Averincev, 1978 is a junior synonym of Hololepidella flynni Benham, 1921 for which the new genus Parapolyeunoa n. gen. is erected. Polynoe antarctica Kinberg, 1858 is transferred to the genus Neopolynoe Loshamn, 1981 and represents the third known species within this genus. Three comprehensive tables illustrating the distinctive characters of the considered genera and species are given to facilitate the identification of the valid species.
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