WoRMS source details

Clark AH (1931) A monograph of the existing crinoids. 1(3) Superfamily Comasterida. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 82. viii + 816 pp., 82 pls.
129946
10.5479/si.03629236.82.3 [view]
Clark, A. H.
1931
A monograph of the existing crinoids, vol. 1 . The comatulids, pt. 3: Superfamily Comasterida
Bulletin of the United States National Museum
(82), i-vii, 1-816, 82 pls
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Actinometra albonotata Bell, 1882 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Actinometra bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia bennetti (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Actinometra borneensis Bell, 1882 accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Actinometra coppingeri Bell, 1882 accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Actinometra fimbriata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Actinometra imperialis Müller, 1841 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Actinometra intermedia Bell, 1884 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Actinometra macrobrachius Hartlaub, 1890 accepted as Capillaster macrobrachius (Hartlaub, 1890) (basis of record)
Actinometra notata Bell, 1888 accepted as Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Actinometra peronii Carpenter, 1881 accepted as Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia bennetti (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Actinometra sentosa Carpenter, 1888 accepted as Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Actinometra solaris (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Actinometra strota Carpenter, 1884 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Actinometra tenax Carpenter, 1879 accepted as Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Alecto fimbriata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Alecto parvicirra Müller, 1841 accepted as Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (additional source)
Alecto purpurea Müller, 1843 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843) (additional source)
Alecto rotalaria (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Comatula (Validia) rotalaria Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Antedon bassett-smithi Bell, 1894 accepted as Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Asterias multiradiata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Asterias pectinata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Capillaster asterias AH Clark, 1931 (original description)
Capillaster clarki Reichensperger, 1913 accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Capillaster coccodistoma (Carpenter, 1882) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Capillaster gracilicirra AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Capillaster gracilicirrus AH Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Capillaster macrobrachius (Hartlaub, 1890) (additional source)
Capillaster mariae (AH Clark, 1907) (basis of record)
Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Capillaster sentosa (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Capillaster tenuicirra AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Capillaster tenuicirrus AH Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Cenolia AH Clark, 1916 (additional source)
Comactinia AH Clark, 1909 (additional source)
Comactinia echinoptera (Müller, 1840) (additional source)
Comantheria briareus (Bell, 1882) accepted as Comanthus briareus (Bell, 1882) (basis of record)
Comantheria delicata (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Comanthus delicata (AH Clark, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Comantheria imbricata (AH Clark, 1908) accepted as Comanthus imbricatus (AH Clark, 1908) (basis of record)
Comantheria intermedia AH Clark, 1916 accepted as Oxycomanthus intermedius (AH Clark, 1916) accepted as Anneissia intermedia (AH Clark, 1916) (basis of record)
Comantheria perplexum (HL Clark, 1916) accepted as Clarkcomanthus perplexum (HL Clark, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Comantheria polycnemis AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Comanthus alternans (Carpenter, 1881) accepted as Clarkcomanthus alternans (Carpenter, 1881) (basis of record)
Comantheria rotula AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Comanthus briareus (Bell, 1882) (basis of record)
Comantheria taviana (AH Clark, 1911) accepted as Comanthus taviana (AH Clark, 1911) (source of synonymy)
Comantheria weberi AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Comanthus weberi (AH Clark, 1912) (basis of record)
Comanthina AH Clark, 1909 accepted as Comaster L. Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Comanthina belli (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Comaster multifidus (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Comanthina nobilis (Carpenter, 1884) accepted as Comaster nobilis (Carpenter, 1884) (basis of record)
Comanthina schlegelii (Carpenter, 1881) accepted as Comaster schlegelii (Carpenter, 1881) (basis of record)
Comanthoides AH Clark, 1931 accepted as Cenolia AH Clark, 1916 (original description)
Comanthoides spanoschistum (HL Clark, 1916) accepted as Cenolia spanoschistum (HL Clark, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Comanthus (Cenolia) benhami (AH Clark, 1916) accepted as Cenolia benhami (AH Clark, 1916) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia bennetti (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) japonica (Müller, 1841) accepted as Oxycomanthus japonicus (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia japonica (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) pinguis (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Oxycomanthus pinguis (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Anneissia pinguis (AH Clark, 1909) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) plectrophorum (HL Clark, 1916) accepted as Oxycomanthus plectrophorum (HL Clark, 1916) accepted as Anneissia plectrophorum (HL Clark, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Comanthus (Cenolia) samoana (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Comanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) solaster (AH Clark, 1907) accepted as Oxycomanthus solaster (AH Clark, 1907) accepted as Anneissia solaster (AH Clark, 1907) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) tasmaniae (AH Clark, 1918) accepted as Cenolia tasmaniae (AH Clark, 1918) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) trichoptera (Müller, 1846) accepted as Cenolia trichoptera (Müller, 1846) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Cenolia) wahlbergi (Müller, 1843) accepted as Comanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (basis of record)
Comanthus (Comanthus) bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia bennetti (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) accepted as Anneissia bennetti (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comanthus parvicirra (Müller, 1841) accepted as Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comanthus timorensis (Müller, 1841) accepted as Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comaster L. Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Comaster brevicirra (Bell, 1894) accepted as Phanogenia distincta (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Comaster distincta (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Phanogenia distincta (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Comaster fruticosus AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Phanogenia fruticosa (AH Clark, 1911) (basis of record)
Comaster gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) accepted as Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) (basis of record)
Comaster minima (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) (basis of record)
Comaster multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Comaster multifida (Müller, 1841) accepted as Comaster multifidus (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Comaster pulcher AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Aphanocomaster pulcher (AH Clark, 1912) (basis of record)
Comaster schönovi AH Clark, 1918 accepted as Phanogenia schoenovi (AH Clark, 1918) (basis of record)
Comaster serrata (AH Clark, 1907) accepted as Phanogenia serrata (AH Clark, 1907) (basis of record)
Comaster sibogae AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Phanogenia sibogae (AH Clark, 1912) (basis of record)
Comaster tenella AH Clark, 1931 accepted as Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Comasteridae AH Clark, 1908 accepted as Comatulidae Fleming, 1828 (additional source)
Comasteroidea AH Clark, 1908 accepted as Comatuloidea Fleming, 1828 (additional source)
Comatella AH Clark, 1908 (additional source)
Comatella brachycirra Gislén, 1922 accepted as Comatulidae incertae sedis brachycirra (Gislén, 1922) (basis of record)
Comatella maculata (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (additional source)
Comatella nigra (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (additional source)
Comatilia iridometriformis AH Clark, 1909 (basis of record)
Comatonia AH Clark, 1916 (basis of record)
Comatula Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Comatula (Comatula) cratera HL Clark, 1916 (basis of record)
Comatula (Comatula) micraster AH Clark, 1909 (basis of record)
Comatula (Comatula) pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843) (additional source)
Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Comatula (Comatula) tenuicirra AH Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Comatula (Validia) AH Clark, 1918 (basis of record)
Comatula (Validia) rotalaria Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Comatula cumingii Müller, 1847 accepted as Comatula (Comatula) pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Comatula etheridgei AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Comatula (Validia) rotalaria Lamarck, 1816 (source of synonymy)
Comatula fimbriata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Comatula parvicirra Müller, 1841 accepted as Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (additional source)
Comatulella brachiolata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Comatulides AH Clark, 1918 (additional source)
Comatulides decameros (AH Clark, 1908) (basis of record)
Andaman Islands for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Andaman Islands for Comatula (Comatula) micraster AH Clark, 1909 
Andaman Islands for Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Balabac Strait for Comissia horrida (AH Clark, 1911) 
Balabac Strait for Rowemissia scitulus (AH Clark, 1911) 
Burma for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Cape Padaran for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Ceram for Capillaster tenuicirrus AH Clark, 1912 
China for Phanogenia schoenovi (AH Clark, 1918) 
China Sea for Capillaster macrobrachius (Hartlaub, 1890) 
Fiji for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
Fujian for Oxycomanthus grandicalyx (Carpenter, 1882) 
Great Barrier Reef for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
Guangzhou for Oxycomanthus grandicalyx (Carpenter, 1882) 
Indonesia for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Indonesia for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Indonesia for Comanthus delicata (AH Clark, 1909) 
Indonesia for Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843) 
Indonesia for Comissia parvula AH Clark, 1912 
Indonesia for Phanogenia fruticosa (AH Clark, 1911) 
Indonesia for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
Indonesia for Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Java Sea for Capillaster tenuicirrus AH Clark, 1912 
Kepulauan Kai for Capillaster asterias AH Clark, 1931 
Kepulauan Kai for Comatulides decameros (AH Clark, 1908) 
Kepulauan Kai for Comissia gracilipes AH Clark, 1912 
Kepulauan Kai for Comissia hispida AH Clark, 1911 
Kepulauan Kai for Palaeocomatella difficilis (Carpenter, 1888) 
Madura Island for Capillaster gracilicirra AH Clark, 1912 
Madura Island for Comatula (Comatula) tenuicirra AH Clark, 1912 
Madura Island for Phanogenia sibogae (AH Clark, 1912) 
Makassar Strait for Capillaster macrobrachius (Hartlaub, 1890) 
Malaysia for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Maldives for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Maldives for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Maldives for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
New Britain for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comanthus delicata (AH Clark, 1909) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comanthus imbricatus (AH Clark, 1908) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comaster serrata (AH Clark, 1907) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comatulidae incertae sedis brachycirra (Gislén, 1922) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comissia magnifica (Gislén, 1922) 
Ogasawara Islands for Comissia minuta (Gislén, 1922) 
Philippines for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Philippines for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Philippines for Comanthus delicata (AH Clark, 1909) 
Philippines for Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843) 
Philippines for Comatulidae incertae sedis littoralis (AH Clark, 1912) 
Philippines for Comatulidae incertae sedis peregrina (Bell, 1894) 
Philippines for Comissia hispida AH Clark, 1911 
Philippines for Comissia parvula AH Clark, 1912 
Philippines for Palaeocomatella difficilis (Carpenter, 1888) 
Philippines for Phanogenia fruticosa (AH Clark, 1911) 
Philippines for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
Philippines for Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Sagami Bay for Comissia gracilipes AH Clark, 1912 
Sapeh Strait for Comanthus weberi (AH Clark, 1912) 
Selat Duroa for Comaster pulcher AH Clark, 1912 
Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone for Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843) 
Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone for Phanogenia schoenovi (AH Clark, 1918) 
South China Sea for Phanogenia gracilis (Hartlaub, 1893) 
South Japan for Comatulides decameros (AH Clark, 1908) 
South Japan for Comissia parvula AH Clark, 1912 
South West Japan for Capillaster mariae (AH Clark, 1907) 
South West Japan for Palaeocomatella decora (AH Clark, 1912) 
Sri Lankan Exclusive Economic Zone for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Sri Lankan Exclusive Economic Zone for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Sri Lankan Exclusive Economic Zone for Comissia chadwicki AH Clark, 1912 
Sulu Island for Comanthus taviana (AH Clark, 1911) 
Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Tuticorin for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
West Australia for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Holotype NHMW, identified as Comatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816
Syntype ZMA, identified as Comatula (Comatula) tenuicirra AH Clark, 1912
Unknown type ZMA, identified as Comissia parvula AH Clark, 1912
Unknown type ZMA, identified as Comissia gracilipes AH Clark, 1912
Holotype ZMB, identified as Comatula (Comatula) purpurea (Müller, 1843)
Holotype ZMUC, identified as Phanogenia schoenovi (AH Clark, 1918)
Holotype BMNH, identified as Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888)
Unknown type BMNH, identified as Neocomatella europaea AH Clark, 1913
 Diagnosis

Capillaster with >10 cirri, not distally tapered; >40 arms (usually >60); distal cirrus segments about as long as broad. [details]

 Diagnosis

Very small Antedonidae with well-developed combs as far as second pinnule, composed of 3 segments, each with a ... [details]

 Distribution

Shark Bay, West Australia to Cape Flattery, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 0-292 m [details]

 Distribution

Southern Japan from Korean Straits to Sagami Bay; Depth range : 20-91 m [details]

 Distribution

S Japan from Korean Strait to Sagami Bay; Depth range : 100-174 (?210) m [details]

 Distribution

Burma to eastern Indonesia; Depth range : 22-109 m [details]

 Distribution

China Sea to Philippine Islands, Indonesia and Queensland to Western Australia; Depth range : 0-73 m [details]

 Distribution

Between Fremantle and Geraldton, West Australia to Port Molle, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 0-93 m (?292 m) [details]

 Distribution

South West of Timor; Depth range : 311-984 [details]

 Distribution

Korean Strait to Indonesia; Depth range : 113-210 m [details]

 Distribution

Off Frederiksted, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Depth range: ~91-183 m. [details]

 Distribution

Sagami Bay, Japan, S to Amoy, China; Depth range : 36 (shallow water?)-150 m [details]

 Distribution

S Japan from Korean Straits to Tokyo Bay; Depth range : 0-256 m [details]

 Distribution

Hong Kong to Korean Straits and East to Tokyo Bay; Depth range : 25-188 (?288) m [details]

 Distribution

Taiwan Strait to Korean Strait and East to Tokyo Bay; Depth range : 0-197 m [details]