WoRMS source details

Kato, T.; Pleijel, F. (2003). A revision of Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 138(4): 379-429.
1263
10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00069.x [view]
Kato, T.; Pleijel, F.
2003
A revision of Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocidae)
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
138(4): 379-429
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (Phyllodocidae, Polychaeta) is revised based on an examination of all available types and newly collected specimens. Redescriptions are provided of the 11 previously described species considered valid: P. wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865), P. abyssalis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1975), P. benthicola (Knox, 1960), P. bowersi (Benham, 1927), P. caeca (Moore, 1903), P. gardineri Perkins, 1984, P. inflata (Hutchings & Murray, 1984), P. kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867), P. polynoides (Moore, 1909), P. speciosa (Webster, 1879) and P. uschakovi Eibye-Jacobsen, 1991. Paranaitis misakiensis sp. nov., P. moritai sp. nov. and P. pumila sp. nov. are described from Japan. Anaitis peremptoria Claparède, 1870; Anaitis zeylanica Willey, 1905; Phyllodoce (Anaitis) papillosa Ehlers, 1887; and Phyllodoce (Anaitis) rubens Grube, 1880 are referred to as Phyllodocidae incertae sedis, and P. capensis (Day, 1960), P. formosa (Verrill, 1885) and P. picta (Verrill, 1885) to as Paranaitis incertae sedis. Phyllodoce truncata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) comb. nov. is removed from Paranaitis. Some previously unreported characters are introduced, including a series of proboscis characters, morphology of dorsal cirrophores, and symmetry of rostrum of chaetal shaft. Distinguishing characters for all recognized species of Paranaitis are provided in a table. In order to assess the position and delineation of Paranaitis and the relationships within this taxon, we present a morphology-based parsimony analysis of relationships within the Phyllodocidae. Paranaitis is shown to be paraphyletic at the exclusion of Chaetoparia, although current support does not allow for any formal synonymy. Phyllodoce and the Eteone-group appear as consecutive sister taxa to the Paranaitis-Chaetoparia clade. The monophyly of Notophyllinae is well supported, but low consensus resolution is obtained for the positions of major taxa such as Eulalia, Eumida, and the Mystides-group.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Danish Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Italian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Kara Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
North West Atlantic for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Sicily for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Strait of Gibraltar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Strait of Gibraltar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis kosteriensis (Malmgren, 1867) 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis wahlbergi (Malmgren, 1865) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

muddy bottoms, 10-1200 m. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Southern (1914) noted that the name Anaitis was preoccupied by Anaitis Duponchel, 1829 (in Godart & Duponchel, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

No type material exists. Transferred to Phyllodoce by Fauvel (1923). A redescription and taxonomical remarks based ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Arctic Ocean, Norway, Svalbard Archipelago, Spitsbergen, Treurenberg Bay (= Sorgfjorden) (79º56'N, 16º50'E), ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype deposited at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (SMNH Type-233) [details]