The earliest record of Marivagia stellata Galil and Gershwin, 2010 species was initially described in 2010 from the southeastern Levantine coast of the Mediterranean Sea (Galil et al. 2010; Zaatari 2010. Later, in 2013, this species was reported from Kerala, India in the south-east of the Arabian Sea (Galil et al. 2013), and after that the species has been found off the mouth of the River Indus, Pakistan in 2014 for the first time (Gul et al. 2014). Even though the species has been discovered in the Mediterranean water before its discovery in the Indian Ocean, Galil et al. (2010) argued that M. stellata is a non-indigenous species. It is highly unlikely that a large native littoral species, markedly different from all known scyphozoans in the Mediterranean, would remain unknown until the 21 century. As the Southeastern Levant has been inundated by alien biota, it is likely M. stellata is an alien as well (Galil et al. 2010; Galil et al. 2013). It has been suggested that the origin of M. stellata species is from the Indian Ocean. It probably entered the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal.
Mamish, S.; Durgham, H.; Al-Masri, M. S. (2016). First record of the new alien sea jelly species Marivagia stellata Galil and Gershwin, 2010 off the Syrian coast. <em>Marine Biodiversity Records.</em> 9(1): 23.