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Hooper, J.N.A. (1996). Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 40: 1-626.
7645
Hooper, J.N.A.
1996
Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species
Memoirs of the Queensland Museum
40: 1-626
Publication
A phylogenctic revision of the poccilosclcrid Microcionidae is based on type material, the worldwide literature, and comprehensive Australian collections. Of 73 available generic names 7 genera and 12 subgenera are recognised here. Of 561 available species names 455 are considered valid (1 virtually unrecognisable), including 52 new species. The Australian fauna, including Australian Antarctic Territory, contains 148 species (31 new), many new records, most are new combinations, and many illustrated for the first time. A synonymy of world species is provided. Valid taxa include: Clalhria (with 7 subgenera: C (Clathria) (with 31 Ausiralian species, S2 other species worldwide, with new species murphyi, noarlungae, biclathrata, borealis, burioni, sarai. sarospinifera). C. ( Wilsonella) (6, 8, abrolhosensis, ensiae, lindgreni spp. nov.), C. (Microciona) (5, 91. illawarrae, lizardensis. simae, brondstedi. campecheae. ciaudei, hentscheli, leighensis, stephensae, tunisiae, urizae, vacelettia spp. nov.), C {Dendrocia) (7 species endemic to Australia), C. (Axociella) (6. 6, patula, fromontae. georgiaensis spp. nov.), C. (Isoociella) (4, 1, selachia* skia spp. nov.), and C (Thalysias) (36, 53, aphylla, craspedia, darwinensis, fusterna, hallmanni, hesperia, lematolae. phorbasiformis, styloprothesis, tingens, wesselensis, amiranteiensis, hechteli spp. nov.); Antho (with 3 subgenera: A. (Antho) (12, 10), A. (Plocamia) (2, 17) and A, ilsopentctya) (3.1. punuea, saintvincenti spp. nov.); Echinoiiathria (14, 15. bergquistae, levii, notialis, parkeri. riddlei spp. nov.); Holopsamma (9 species endemic to Australia, I indeterminate species); Echinochulina (with 2 subgenera: E iFjiiinochalina) (10, 2, felhi sp. nov,), £ (Protttphlifo spongio) (8 species endemic to Australia and New Caledonia, callata, favulosa, isitaci, tuberosa spp. nov.)); Artemisimi (4, 10); and Pandoras (incertae sedis) (0, 2"), Generic keys are provided. Morphometric characters of primary importance include the origin, geometry and distribution of structural meg3scleres within the skeleton, modification of megasclercs to monactinal or diactinal forms, the presence or absence of a specialised ectosomal skeleton, presence of detritus incorporated into spongin fibres, and overall skeletal structure (including compression of the axial skeleton and differentiation of axial and extra-axial regions). Brief zoogeographical comparisons are made between continental Australian and adjacent Indo-west Pacific faunas. Australian species comprise about 32% of the world's microcionid diversity; about 75% of species arc endemic for the Australian region, and temperate species (81 %.) have higher levels of endemism than tropical species{59%).
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Antho (Acarnia) anisotyla (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) anisotyla (Lévi, 1960) (basis of record)
Antho (Acarnia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Antho (Acarnia) plena (Sollas, 1879) accepted as Rotuloplocamia plena (Sollas, 1879) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) paucispina Sarà & Siribelli, 1962 (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) burtoni (Lévi, 1952) accepted as Antho (Antho) burtoni (Lévi, 1952) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) borealis Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) caespes (Ehlers, 1870) accepted as Crella caespes (Ehlers, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) echinonematissima (Carter, 1887) (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) flabellata (Burton, 1936) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) mauriceburtoni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) horrida (Row, 1911) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) juncea Burton, 1931 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) labyrinthica (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) marissuperi Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) oculata Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) pachystyla Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) parva Lévi, 1963 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) plurityla Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) prolifera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) spongodes Dendy, 1922 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) tortuosa Uriz, 1988 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) toxistricta Topsent, 1925 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) toxistyla (Sarà, 1959) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) transiens Hallmann, 1912 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) typica sensu Kirkpatrick, 1903 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) antarctica (Topsent, 1916) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) assimilis Topsent, 1925 (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) brondstedi Hooper, 1996 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pennata Brøndsted, 1932 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925 (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) densa (Burton, 1959) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) frogeti (Vacelet, 1969) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) ixauda (Lévi, 1969) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) laevissima (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Monanchora laevissima (Dendy, 1922) (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Microciona) longistyla (Burton, 1959) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) microxea (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) namibiensis (Uriz, 1984) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) poecilosclera (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) stephensae Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) tenuis (Stephens, 1915) (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) toxitenuis Topsent, 1925 (basis of record)
Clathria (Microciona) tunisiae Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) urizae Hooper, 1996 accepted as Eurypon urizae (Hooper, 1996) (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) vacelettia Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) amirantiensis Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) anomala (Burton, 1933) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) cervicornis (Thiele, 1903) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) cullingworthi Burton, 1931 (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) fusterna Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) lambda (Lévi, 1958) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) robusta (Dendy, 1922) (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Clathria (Wilsonella) cercidochela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (basis of record)
Clathria (Wilsonella) mixta Hentschel, 1912 (basis of record)
Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Clathria axociona Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria conica Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria cullingworthi Burton, 1931 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) cullingworthi Burton, 1931 (basis of record)
Clathria curvichela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) vacelettia Hooper, 1996 (source of synonymy)
Clathria dayi Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria elastica Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria juncea Burton, 1931 represented as Clathria (Clathria) juncea Burton, 1931 (basis of record)
Clathria lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Clathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880 represented as Clathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (basis of record)
Clathria madrepora Dendy, 1922 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) spongodes Dendy, 1922 (basis of record)
Clathria mixta Hentschel, 1912 represented as Clathria (Wilsonella) mixta Hentschel, 1912 (basis of record)
Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) pachystyla Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria parva Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) parva Lévi, 1963 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)