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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Euryalidae Gray, 1840

196223  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196223)

accepted
Family
Asteroschematidae Verrill, 1899 (rejected by O'Hara et al, 2018)
Astrocharidae Okanishi et al., 2011 (lowered in rank by O'Hara et al., 2017)
Astrocharinae Okanishi et al., 2011 (rejected by O'Hara et al., 2018)
Euryalidea Gray, 1840 (removed by O'Hara et al., 2017)
Euryalinae Gray, 1840, emended Okanishi et al., 2011 (raised to family level by Okanishi & Fujita (2013))
Genus Asteromorpha Lütken, 1869
Genus Asteroschema Örstedt & Lütken in Lütken, 1856
  » Species Asteroschema ajax A.H. Clark, 1949
  » Species Asteroschema arenosum Lyman, 1878
  » Species Asteroschema bidwillae McKnight, 2000
  » Species Asteroschema brachiatum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema clavigerum Verrill, 1894
  » Species Asteroschema edmondsoni A.H. Clark, 1949
  » Species Asteroschema elongatum Koehler, 1914
  » Species Asteroschema fastosum Koehler, 1904
  » Species Asteroschema flosculus Alcock, 1893
  » Species Asteroschema glaucum Matsumoto, 1915
  » Species Asteroschema hemigymnum Matsumoto, 1915
  » Species Asteroschema horridum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema igloo Baker, 1980
  » Species Asteroschema inornatum Koehler, 1906
  » Species Asteroschema intectum Lyman, 1878
  » Species Asteroschema laeve (Lyman, 1872)
  » Species Asteroschema lissum H.L. Clark, 1939
  » Species Asteroschema migrator Koehler, 1904
  » Species Asteroschema monobactrum H.L. Clark, 1917
  » Species Asteroschema nuttingii Verrill, 1899
  » Species Asteroschema oligactes (Pallas, 1788)
  » Species Asteroschema rubrum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema salix Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema sampadae Parameswaran & Jaleel, 2012
  » Species Asteroschema subfastosum Döderlein, 1930
  » Species Asteroschema sublaeve Lütken & Mortensen, 1899
  » Species Asteroschema sulcata Ljungman, 1872
  » Species Asteroschema tenue Lyman, 1875
  » Species Asteroschema tubiferum Matsumoto, 1911
  » Species Asteroschema tumidum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema vicinum Koehler, 1907
  » Species Asteroschema wrighti McKnight, 2000
  » Species Asteroschema yaeyamensis Murakami, 1944
  » Subgenus Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) accepted as Ophiocreas Lyman, 1879 (raised to genus level)
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) ambonesicum Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Ophiocreas ambonesicum Döderlein, 1927 (synonym)
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) enoshimanum Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Ophiocreas japonicus Koehler, 1907
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) gilolense Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Ophiocreas gilolense Döderlein, 1927
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) glutinosum Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Ophiocreas glutinosum Döderlein, 1911
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) japonicus (Koehler, 1907) accepted as Ophiocreas japonicus Koehler, 1907
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) mindorense Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Ophiocreas mindorense Döderlein, 1927 (superceded combination)
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) monacanthum Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Ophiocreas japonicus Koehler, 1907
    » Species Asteroschema (Ophiocreas) sagaminum Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Ophiocreas caudatus Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema amamiense Okanishi & Fujita, 2009 accepted as Squamophis amamiensis (Okanishi et al., 2009) (transferred to Squamophis by Okanishi et al. (2011))
  » Species Asteroschema capensis Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Asteromorpha capensis (Mortensen, 1925) (superceded combination)
  » Species Asteroschema caudatum (Lyman, 1879) accepted as Ophiocreas caudatus Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema clavigera Verrill, 1894 accepted as Asteroschema clavigerum Verrill, 1894
  » Species Asteroschema ferox Koehler, 1904 accepted as Asteroschema tumidum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Asteroschema koehleri Döderlein, 1898 accepted as Asteromorpha koehleri (Döderlein, 1898)
  » Species Asteroschema rousseaui Michelin, 1862 accepted as Asteromorpha rousseaui (Michelin, 1862)
  » Species Asteroschema steenstrupi (Lütken, 1869) accepted as Asteromorpha rousseaui (Michelin, 1862)
Genus Asterostegus Mortensen, 1933
Genus Astrobrachion Doederlein, 1927
Genus Astroceras Lyman, 1879
  » Species Astroceras annulatum Mortensen, 1933
  » Species Astroceras aurantiacum Stöhr, 2011
  » Species Astroceras calix Murakami, 1944
  » Species Astroceras compar Koehler, 1904
  » Species Astroceras compressum Döderlein, 1927
  » Species Astroceras coniunctum Murakami, 1944
  » Species Astroceras elegans (Bell, 1917)
  » Species Astroceras kermadecensis Baker, 1980
  » Species Astroceras mammosum Koehler, 1930
  » Species Astroceras nodosum Koehler, 1930
  » Species Astroceras paucispinum Murakami, 1944
  » Species Astroceras pergamenum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Astroceras pleiades Baker, 1980
  » Species Astroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933
  » Species Astroceras gemmiferum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astroceras annulatum Mortensen, 1933 (synonymized by Irimura 81982))
  » Species Astroceras maui McKnight, 1968 accepted as Astroceras elegans (Bell, 1917) (synonym)
  » Species Astroceras pergamena Matsumoto, 1917 (non Lyman, 1879) accepted as Astroceras annulatum Mortensen, 1933
  » Species Astroceras pergamena Lyman, 1879 accepted as Astroceras pergamenum Lyman, 1879
  » Species Astroceras verrucosum Koehler, 1930 accepted as Astroceras compar Koehler, 1904
Genus Astrocharis Koehler, 1904
  » Species Astrocharis ijimai Matsumoto, 1911
  » Species Astrocharis monospinosa Okanishi & Fujita, 2011
  » Species Astrocharis virgo Koehler, 1904
  » Species Astrocharis gracilis Mortensen, 1918 accepted as Astrocharis ijimai Matsumoto, 1911 (synonymized by Okanishi & Fujita (2011))
Genus Euryale Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Euryale aspera Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Euryale purpurea Mortensen, 1934
  » Species Euryale anopla H.L. Clark, 1911 accepted as Sthenocephalus anopla (H.L. Clark, 1911)
  » Species Euryale arborescens L. Agassiz, 1839 accepted as Astrospartus mediterraneus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  » Species Euryale euopla H.L. Clark, 1938 accepted as Euryale aspera Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Euryale exiguum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Euryale exiguus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Euryale ludwigi Döderlein, 1896 accepted as Astrocladus ludwigi (Döderlein, 1896)
  » Species Euryale mediterraneus Risso, 1826 accepted as Astrospartus mediterraneus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  » Species Euryale muricatum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astrophyton muricatum (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Euryale palmiferum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Trichaster palmiferus (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym)
  » Species Euryale studeri de Loriol, 1900 accepted as Euryale aspera Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Euryale verrucosum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astrocladus verrucosum (Lamarck, 1816)
Genus Ophiocreas Lyman, 1879
  » Species Ophiocreas ambonesicum Döderlein, 1927
  » Species Ophiocreas carnosus Lyman, 1879
  » Species Ophiocreas caudatus Lyman, 1879
  » Species Ophiocreas gilolense Döderlein, 1927
  » Species Ophiocreas glutinosum Döderlein, 1911
  » Species Ophiocreas japonicus Koehler, 1907
  » Species Ophiocreas lumbricus Lyman, 1869
  » Species Ophiocreas mindorense Döderlein, 1927
  » Species Ophiocreas mortenseni Koehler, 1930
  » Species Ophiocreas oedipus Lyman, 1879
  » Species Ophiocreas sibogae Koehler, 1904
  » Species Ophiocreas spinulosus Lyman, 1883
  » Species Ophiocreas willsi McKnight, 2000
  » Species Ophiocreas abyssicola Lyman, 1879 accepted as Astrodia abyssicola (Lyman, 1879) (transferred to Astrodia by Okanishi & Fujita (2014))
  » Species Ophiocreas adhaerens Studer, 1884 accepted as Astrobrachion adhaerens (Studer, 1884)
  » Species Ophiocreas brevis Matsumoto, 1911 accepted as Ophiocreas glutinosum Döderlein, 1911
  » Species Ophiocreas constrictum (Farquhar, 1900) accepted as Astrobrachion constrictum (Farquhar, 1900)
  » Species Ophiocreas constrictus Farquhar, 1900 accepted as Astrobrachion constrictum (Farquhar, 1900)
  » Species Ophiocreas longipes Mortensen, 1924 accepted as Ophiocreas sibogae Koehler, 1904
  » Species Ophiocreas melambaphes H.L. Clark, 1914 accepted as Astrobrachion adhaerens (Studer, 1884)
  » Species Ophiocreas papillatus H.L. Clark, 1908 accepted as Ophiocreas japonicus Koehler, 1907
  » Species Ophiocreas phanerum H.L. Clark, 1916 accepted as Astrobrachion constrictum (Farquhar, 1900)
  » Species Ophiocreas rhabdotum H.L. Clark, 1914 accepted as Astrobrachion adhaerens (Studer, 1884)
  » Species Ophiocreas spinulosum Lyman, 1883 accepted as Ophiocreas spinulosus Lyman, 1883 (misspelling)
Genus Squamophis Okanishi et al., 2011
Genus Sthenocephalus Koehler, 1898
Genus Trichaster L. Agassiz, 1836

Subfamily Asteroschematinae Verrill, 1899 emended Okanishi et al., 2011 accepted as Euryalidae Gray, 1840 (rejected by O'Hara et al., 2018)
Subfamily Astrocharinae Okanishi et al., 2011 accepted as Euryalidae Gray, 1840 (rejected by O'Hara et al., 2018)
Subfamily Euryalinae Gray, 1840, emended Okanishi et al., 2011 accepted as Euryalidae Gray, 1840 (raised to family level by Okanishi & Fujita (2013))
  » Genus Asteroceras Lyman, 1879 accepted as Astroceras Lyman, 1879 (misspelling)
  » Genus Astrostegus accepted as Asterostegus Mortensen, 1933 (misspelling)
  » Genus Ophiogelas Koehler, 1930 accepted as Asteromorpha Lütken, 1869 (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Description Similar to Gorgonocephalidae, but lacking bands of hook-like spines on arms.  
Description Similar to Gorgonocephalidae, but lacking bands of hook-like spines on arms. [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Euryalidae Gray, 1840. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196223 on 2018-04-20
Date
action
by
2005-12-30 14:07:12Z
created
2007-07-12 08:44:07Z
changed
2009-06-23 07:41:53Z
changed
2011-09-19 13:40:18Z
changed
2014-04-07 14:17:25Z
changed
2018-03-22 14:58:20Z
changed

original description  (ofAstrocharinae Okanishi et al., 2011) Okanishi, M.; O'Hara, T. D.; Fujita, T. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 392-399. [details]   

original description  (ofTrichasteridae Döderlein, 1911) Döderlein, L. 1911. Über japanische und andere Euryalae. Abhandlungen der math. phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften, Suppl., 5 (2), 1-123. [details]   

taxonomy source Okanishi, M.; O'Hara, T. D.; Fujita, T. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 392-399. [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofAsteroschematidae Verrill, 1899) Okanishi, M.; O'Hara, T. D.; Fujita, T. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 392-399. [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofEuryalinae Gray, 1840, emended Okanishi et al., 2011) Okanishi, M.; O'Hara, T. D.; Fujita, T. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 392-399. [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofAsteroschematinae Verrill, 1899 emended Okanishi et al., 2011) Okanishi, M.; O'Hara, T. D.; Fujita, T. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 392-399. [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofAstrocharinae Okanishi et al., 2011) O'Hara, T. D.; Stöhr, S.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Martynov, A. (2018). Morphological diagnoses of higher taxa in Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) in support of a new classification. European Journal of Taxonomy. (416)., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription O'Hara, T. D.; Stöhr, S.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Martynov, A. (2018). Morphological diagnoses of higher taxa in Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) in support of a new classification. European Journal of Taxonomy. (416)., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source Okanishi, M. & Fujita, T. 2013. Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 566-580., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 [details]   

status source  (ofAsteroschematidae Verrill, 1899) Okanishi, M. & Fujita, T. 2013. Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 566-580., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 [details]   

status source  (ofAsteroschematinae Verrill, 1899 emended Okanishi et al., 2011) Okanishi, M. & Fujita, T. 2013. Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 566-580., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 [details]   

status source  (ofAsteroschematinae Verrill, 1899 emended Okanishi et al., 2011) O'Hara, T. D.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Stöhr, S.; Martynov, A. V. (2017). Restructuring higher taxonomy using broad-scale phylogenomics: The living Ophiuroidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 107: 415-430., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.006
page(s): 426 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAsteroschematidae Verrill, 1899) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

status source  (ofAstrocharinae Okanishi et al., 2011) O'Hara, T. D.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Stöhr, S.; Martynov, A. V. (2017). Restructuring higher taxonomy using broad-scale phylogenomics: The living Ophiuroidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 107: 415-430., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.006
page(s): 426 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEuryalidea Gray, 1840) Okanishi, M. & Fujita, T. 2013. Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 566-580., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAstrocharidae Okanishi et al., 2011) Okanishi, M. & Fujita, T. 2013. Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 566-580., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 [details]   

status source  (ofAstrocharidae Okanishi et al., 2011) O'Hara, T. D.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Stöhr, S.; Martynov, A. V. (2017). Restructuring higher taxonomy using broad-scale phylogenomics: The living Ophiuroidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 107: 415-430., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.006
page(s): 426 [details]   

redescription  (ofTrichasteridae Döderlein, 1911) Matsumoto, H. (1915). A new classification of the Ophiuroidea: with description of new genera and species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 68: 43-92.
page(s): 46 [details]   
From other sources
Description Similar to Gorgonocephalidae, but lacking bands of hook-like spines on arms. [details]

Remark Same as Euryalinidae in Baker 1980?? [details]
 



LanguageName 
English basketstars  [details]
Japanese ユウレイモヅルタコクモヒトデ [from synonym]  [details]

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