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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867

123203  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123203)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Astrocloninae Okanishi & Fujita, 2018
Subfamily Astrothamninae Okanishi & Fujita, 2013
  » Genus Astrothamnus Matsumoto, 1915
    » Species Astrothamnus echinaceus (Matsumoto, 1912)
    » Species Astrothamnus mindanaensis Döderlein, 1927
    » Species Astrothamnus villadolidi Domantay & Domantay, 1966 (taxon inquirendum, needs to be revised)
    » Species Astrothamnus benhami (Bell, 1917) accepted as Astrothrombus rugosus H.L. Clark, 1909
    » Species Astrothamnus deficiens Koehler, 1922 accepted as Astrotoma deficiens (Koehler, 1922)
    » Species Astrothamnus furtivus Koehler, 1930 accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909)
    » Species Astrothamnus papillatus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909)
    » Species Astrothamnus parens Koehler, 1930 accepted as Astrocrius parens (Koehler, 1930)
    » Species Astrothamnus rugosus H.L. Clark, 1916 accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909)
    » Species Astrothamnus tuberculatus Koehler, 1923 accepted as Astrohamma tuberculatum (Koehler, 1923)
    » Species Astrothamnus vecors (Koehler, 1904) accepted as Astrothrombus vecors (Koehler, 1904)
  » Genus Astrothrombus H.L. Clark, 1909
Subfamily Astrotominae Matsumoto, 1915
  » Genus Astracme Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrocrius Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrohamma Döderlein, 1930
    » Species Astrohamma tuberculatum (Koehler, 1923)
    » Species Astrohamma tuberculatus (Koehler, 1923) accepted as Astrohamma tuberculatum (Koehler, 1923) (grammatically wrong ending)
  » Genus Astrotoma Lyman, 1875
    » Species Astrotoma agassizii Lyman, 1875
    » Species Astrotoma deficiens (Koehler, 1922)
    » Species Astrotoma drachi Guille, 1979
    » Species Astrotoma manilense Döderlein, 1927
    » Species Astrotoma bellator Koehler, 1904 accepted as Astrohelix bellator (Koehler, 1904)
    » Species Astrotoma benhami Bell, 1917 accepted as Astrothrombus rugosus H.L. Clark, 1909
    » Species Astrotoma echinacea Matsumoto, 1912 accepted as Astrothamnus echinaceus (Matsumoto, 1912)
    » Species Astrotoma murrayi Döderlein, 1911 (non Lyman, 1879) accepted as Astrotoma sobrina Matsumoto, 1912
    » Species Astrotoma murrayi (Lyman, 1879) accepted as Astrocrius murrayi (Lyman, 1879) (synonymized by Mortensen (1933))
    » Species Astrotoma rigens Koehler, 1910 accepted as Astrothrombus rigens (Koehler, 1910)
    » Species Astrotoma sobrina (Döderlein, 1911 (non Lyman, 1879)) accepted as Astrotoma sobrina Matsumoto, 1912 (lapsus calami)
    » Species Astrotoma sobrina Matsumoto, 1912 accepted as Astrocrius sobrinus (Matsumoto, 1912) (synonymized by Mortensen (1933))
    » Species Astrotoma sobrinus Matsumoto, 1912 accepted as Astrotoma sobrina Matsumoto, 1912 (spelling variation)
    » Species Astrotoma tuberculatus (Koehler, 1923) accepted as Astrohamma tuberculatum (Koehler, 1923)
    » Species Astrotoma vecors Koehler, 1904 accepted as Astrothrombus vecors (Koehler, 1904)
    » Species Astrotoma waitei Benham, 1909 accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909)
Subfamily Gorgonocephalinae Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Asteroporpa Örsted & Lütken in Lütken, 1856
    » Subgenus Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa)
    » Subgenus Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) Döderlein, 1930
    » Species Asteroporpa affinis Lütken, 1859 represented as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) affinis Lütken, 1859
    » Species Asteroporpa annulata Örstedt & Lütken in Lütken, 1856 represented as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) annulata Örsted & Lütken in: Lütken, 1856
    » Species Asteroporpa hadracantha H.L. Clark, 1911 represented as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) hadracantha H.L. Clark, 1911
    » Species Asteroporpa lindneri A.H. Clark, 1948 represented as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) lindneri A.H. Clark, 1948
    » Species Asteroporpa pulchra H.L. Clark, 1915 represented as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) pulchra H.L. Clark, 1915
    » Subgenus Asteroporpa (Asteromoana) Baker, 1980 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astromoana) Baker, 1980 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
      » Species Asteroporpa (Asteromoana) koyoae Okanishi & Fujita, 2011 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astromoana) koyoae Okanishi & Fujita, 2011 (incorrect subsequent spelling of subgenus)
      » Species Asteroporpa (Asteromoana) muricatopatella Okanishi & Fujita, 2011 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astromoana) muricatopatella Okanishi & Fujita, 2011 (incorrect subsequent spelling of subgenus)
    » Subgenus Asteroporpa (Astromoana) Baker, 1980 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) Döderlein, 1930 (superceded by senior synonym)
    » Species Asteroporpa wilsoni Bell, 1917 accepted as Asteroporpa (Asteroporpa) australiensis Clark, 1909
  » Genus Astroboa Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrocaneum Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrochalcis Koehler, 1905
    » Species Astrochalcis micropus Mortensen, 1912
    » Species Astrochalcis tuberculosus Koehler, 1905
    » Species Astrochalcis lymani (nomen dubium)
  » Genus Astrochele Verrill, 1878
  » Genus Astrochlamys Koehler, 1912
  » Genus Astrocladus Verrill, 1899
    » Species Astrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933
    » Species Astrocladus annulatus (Matsumoto, 1912)
    » Species Astrocladus coniferus (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrocladus dofleini Döderlein, 1910
    » Species Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783)
    » Species Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
    » Species Astrocladus goodingi Baker, Okanishi & Pawson, 2018
    » Species Astrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933
    » Species Astrocladus ludwigi (Döderlein, 1896)
    » Species Astrocladus pardalis (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrocladus socotrana Baker, Okanishi & Pawson, 2018
    » Species Astrocladus tonganus Döderlein, 1911
    » Species Astrocladus annulatum Matsumoto, 1912 accepted as Astrocladus annulatus (Matsumoto, 1912) (erroneous gender of specific name)
    » Species Astrocladus granulatus H.L. Clark, 1938 accepted as Astroboa granulatus (H.L. Clark, 1938)
    » Species Astrocladus verrucosum (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym acc. to H.L. Clark, 1915)
  » Genus Astrocnida Lyman, 1872
  » Genus Astrocyclus Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrodendrum Döderlein, 1911
    » Species Astrodendrum capense (Mortensen, 1933)
    » Species Astrodendrum elingamita Baker, 1974
    » Species Astrodendrum galapagense A.H. Clark, 1916
    » Species Astrodendrum laevigatum (Koehler, 1897)
    » Species Astrodendrum sagaminum (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrodendrum spinolosum Okanishi & Fujita, 2018
    » Species Astrodendrum capensis (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Astrodendrum capense (Mortensen, 1933) (mandatory change of ending due to gender mismatch)
    » Species Astrodendrum galapagensis A.H. Clark, 1916 accepted as Astrodendrum galapagense A.H. Clark, 1916 (mandatory change due to gender mismatch)
    » Species Astrodendrum pustulatum H.L. Clark, 1916 accepted as Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916)
  » Genus Astrodictyum Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrogomphus Lyman, 1869
  » Genus Astrogordius Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astroniwa McKnight, 2000
  » Genus Astrophyton Fleming, 1828
    » Species Astrophyton muricatum (Lamarck, 1816)
    » Species Astrophyton agassizi Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Gorgonocephalus arcticus Leach, 1819 (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton annulatum Matsumoto, 1912 accepted as Astrocladus annulatus (Matsumoto, 1912)
    » Species Astrophyton aspera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Euryale aspera Lamarck, 1816 (Astrophyton is a gorgoncephalid genus)
    » Species Astrophyton australe Verrill, 1876 accepted as Conocladus australis (Verrill, 1876)
    » Species Astrophyton cacaoticum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Astrogordius cacaoticus (Lyman, 1874) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton caecilia Lütken, 1856 accepted as Astrocyclus caecilia (Lütken, 1856)
    » Species Astrophyton caryi Lyman, 1860 accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
    » Species Astrophyton chilense Philippi, 1858 accepted as Gorgonocephalus chilensis (Philippi, 1858)
    » Species Astrophyton clavatum Lyman, 1861 accepted as Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861)
    » Species Astrophyton coniferum Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Astrocladus coniferus (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrophyton cornutum (Koehler, 1898) accepted as Astrocladus coniferus (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrophyton elegans Koehler, 1905 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874)
    » Species Astrophyton eucnemis Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton exiguus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
    » Species Astrophyton globiferum Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Astroboa globifera (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrophyton gracile Koehler, 1905 accepted as Astroglymma sculptum (Döderlein, 1896) (synonymized by Döderlein (1927))
    » Species Astrophyton krebsii Lütken, 1856 accepted as Astrocyclus caecilia (Lütken, 1856) (synonym acc. to H.L. Clark, 1915)
    » Species Astrophyton lamarcki J. Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Gorgonocephalus lamarckii (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton lamarckii Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Gorgonocephalus lamarckii (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
    » Species Astrophyton linckii Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton malmgreni Danielssen & Koren, 1877 accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton mucronatum Lyman, 1869 accepted as Astracme mucronata (Lyman, 1869)
    » Species Astrophyton nudum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874)
    » Species Astrophyton panamense Verrill, 1867 accepted as Astrodictyum panamense (Verrill, 1867)
    » Species Astrophyton pardalis Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Astrocladus pardalis (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Astrophyton pourtalesii Lyman, 1875 accepted as Gorgonocephalus chilensis (Philippi, 1858)
    » Species Astrophyton purpurea (Mortensen, 1934) accepted as Euryale purpurea Mortensen, 1934 (erroneous combination)
    » Species Astrophyton sculptum Döderlein, 1896 accepted as Astroglymma sculptum (Döderlein, 1896)
    » Species Astrophyton scutatum Fleming, 1828 accepted as Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Astrophyton spinosum Lyman, 1875 accepted as Astrocaneum spinosum (Lyman, 1875)
    » Species Astrophyton stimpsoni Verrill, 1869 accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
    » Species Astrophyton verrucosum (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Astrocladus verrucosum (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Astrocladus)
  » Genus Astroplegma Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrosierra Baker, 1980
  » Genus Astrospartus Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrothorax Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrozona Döderlein, 1930
  » Genus Conocladus H.L. Clark, 1909
  » Genus Gorgonocephalus Leach, 1815
    » Species Gorgonocephalus arcticus Leach, 1819
    » Species Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus chilensis (Philippi, 1858)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus diomedeae Lütken & Mortensen, 1899
    » Species Gorgonocephalus dolichodactylus Döderlein, 1911
    » Species Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus lamarckii (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus sundanus Döderlein, 1927
    » Species Gorgonocephalus tuberosus Döderlein, 1902
    » Species Gorgonocephalus agassizi (Stimpson, 1854) accepted as Gorgonocephalus arcticus Leach, 1819 (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus arborescens (L. Agassiz, 1839) accepted as Astrospartus mediterraneus (Risso, 1826)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus caryi (Lyman, 1860) accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus cornutum Koehler, 1898 accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus cornutus Koehler, 1897 accepted as Astrocladus exiguus (Lamarck, 1816)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus japonicus Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus laevigatus Koehler, 1897 accepted as Astrodendrum laevigatum (Koehler, 1897)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus lamarcki J Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Gorgonocephalus lamarckii (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (misspelling)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus levigatus Koehler, 1897 accepted as Astrodendrum laevigatum (Koehler, 1897)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus linckii Lyman, 1882 accepted as Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus malmgreni (Danielssen & Koren, 1877) accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus moluccanus Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus pourtalesii (Lyman, 1875) accepted as Gorgonocephalus chilensis (Philippi, 1858)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus robillardi de Loriol, 1899 accepted as Astroglymma sculptum (Döderlein, 1896)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus sagaminum Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Astrodendrum sagaminum (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus sagaminus Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Astrodendrum sagaminum (Döderlein, 1902)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus scutatum (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus stimpsoni (Verrill, 1869) accepted as Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (synonym)
    » Species Gorgonocephalus verrucosus Grube, 1840 accepted as Astrospartus mediterraneus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  » Genus Ophiocrene Bell, 1894
    » Species Ophiocrene aenigma Bell, 1894 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Genus Ophiozeta Koehler, 1930
    » Species Ophiozeta turgida Koehler, 1930
  » Genus Schizostella A.H. Clark, 1952
    » Species Schizostella bifurcata A.H. Clark, 1952
    » Species Schizostella bayeri A.H. Clark, 1952 accepted as Schizostella bifurcata A.H. Clark, 1952 (synonymized by Hendler et al. (1995))

Genus Bertingius Domantay & Domantay, 1966 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Bertingius typicus Domantay & Domantay, 1966 (taxon inquirendum)

Genus Astroconus Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Conocladus H.L. Clark, 1909 (synonymized by Baker (1980))
Genus Astrocynodus A.H. Clark, 1919 accepted as Astrocaneum Döderlein, 1911 (synonym)
Genus Astrodactylus Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927 (homonym of an amphibian)
Genus Astroglymna Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927 (misspelling by Liao (2004))
  » Species Astroglymna sculptum (Döderlein, 1896) accepted as Astroglymma sculptum (Döderlein, 1896) (misspelling by Liao (2004))
  » Species Astroglymna spinosum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astroglymma spinosum Mortensen, 1933 (misspelling of genus)
Genus Astrohelix Döderlein, 1930 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) Döderlein, 1930 (lowered to subgenus)
  » Species Astrohelix bellator (Koehler, 1904) accepted as Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) bellator (Koehler, 1904) (genus lowered to subgenus)
    » Variety Astrohelix bellator var. paucidens Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astrohelix paucidens Mortensen, 1933 (subspecies recognized on species level by editors)
  » Species Astrohelix paucidens Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) paucidens (Mortensen, 1933) (genus lowered to subgenus)
Genus Astroporpa Lyman, 1875 accepted as Asteroporpa Örsted & Lütken in Lütken, 1856 (misspelling)
Genus Astroraphis Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroboa Döderlein, 1911 (synonym)
Genus Astrostephanus Döderlein, 1930 accepted as Astrothrombus H.L. Clark, 1909 (synonymized by Baker (1980))
Genus Ophiohelix Koehler, 1895 accepted as Gymnolophus Brock, 1888 (synonymized by A.M. Clark (1967))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Ljungman, A. (1867). Ophiuroidea viventia huc usque cognita enumerat. <em>Öfversigt af Kgl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1866.</em> 23(9): 303-336. [details]   
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the...  
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the branches of each arm. Most remain hidden during the day but come out at night, extending their arms into the water to trap food particles. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123203 on 2018-12-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-07-12 08:44:07Z
changed
2009-06-23 07:41:53Z
changed
2012-09-14 07:57:08Z
changed

original description Ljungman, A. (1867). Ophiuroidea viventia huc usque cognita enumerat. <em>Öfversigt af Kgl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1866.</em> 23(9): 303-336. [details]   

original description  (ofAstrochelidae Verrill, 1899) Verrill, A. E. (1899). Report on the Ophiuroidea collected by the Bahama expedition in 1893. <em>Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History of the State University of Iowa.</em> 5(1), 1-86.
page(s): 79 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription O'Hara, T. D.; Stöhr, S.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Martynov, A. (2018). Morphological diagnoses of higher taxa in Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) in support of a new classification. <em>European Journal of Taxonomy.</em> (416)., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source O'Hara, T. D.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Stöhr, S.; Martynov, A. V. (2017). Restructuring higher taxonomy using broad-scale phylogenomics: The living Ophiuroidea. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 107: 415-430., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.006
page(s): 426 [details]   

identification resource Turner, R. L.; Boucher, J. M. (2010). Loss of arm spines in the basketstar Astrophyton muricatum (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Gorgonocephalidae), with a key to West Indian basketstars. <em>Proceedings Biological Society of Washington.</em> 123(1): 17-26., available online at https://doi.org/10.2988/09-10.1 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the branches of each arm. Most remain hidden during the day but come out at night, extending their arms into the water to trap food particles. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English basketstarsbasket stars  [details]
German MedusenhäupterGorgonenhäupter  [details]
Japanese テヅルモヅル  [details]
Swedish medusahuvuden  [details]

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