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Ophiuroidea source details

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
6324
Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J.
1976
The echinoderms of southern Africa
Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
Publication
This is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
South Africa
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura incana Lyman, 1879 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) incana Lyman, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) linearis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) uncinata Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias euryale Retzius, 1783 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroschema capensis Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteromorpha capensis (Mortensen, 1925) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nigra Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrodendrum capensis (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophyton nudum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Dictenophiura) anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha durbanensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiotreta durbanensis (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis abyssicola (M. Sars, 1861) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis capensis Hertz, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis modesta Brock, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis nidarosiensis Mortensen, 1920 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarachnella capensis (Bell, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiochiton australis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioleuce seminudum Koehler, 1904 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten amitinum Lyman, 1878 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten latens Koehler, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten hastatum Lyman, 1878 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiodaphne scripta (Koehler, 1904) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioderma leonis Döderlein, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioderma wahlbergii Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioglypha costata Lyman, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiuroglypha) costata costata (Lyman, 1878) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna Ljungman, 1866 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna capensis (Lütken, 1869) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna pellicula (Duncan, 1887) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis dubia Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix pusilla Brock, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomisidium pulchellum (Wyville Thomson, 1878) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomusium lymani Wyville-Thomson, 1873 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza aster Lyman, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolycus dentatus (Lyman, 1878) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothamnus remotus cordatus Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix capensis Lütken, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna capensis (Lütken, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiotreta durbanensis (Mortensen, 1933) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiuroglypha) costata tumida Mortensen, 1933 (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura flagellata (Lyman, 1878) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura irrorata (Lyman, 1878) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiuroglypha) irrorata (Lyman, 1878) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiuroglypha) irrorata irrorata (Lyman, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacrocnida persica Mortensen, 1940 (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPectinura capensis Bell, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarachnella capensis (Bell, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927 
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878 
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897 
Cape Point for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura costata tumida Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933 
East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Eastern Cape, Province of the for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura affinis simulans (Mortensen, 1936) 
Java Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 
Kepulauan Paternoster for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905) 
KwaZulu-Natal for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophiura permira Sladen, 1879 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis modesta Brock, 1888 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocentrus dilatata (Koehler, 1905) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopallas paradoxa Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) grandisquama natalensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura albella Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophiura permira Sladen, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgonocephalus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 
Unknown type, locality Azores, identified as Ophiocten latens Koehler, 1906
Unknown type, locality Canary Islands, identified as Ophiomisidium pulchellum (Wyville Thomson, 1878)
Unknown type, locality Cape Agulhas, identified as Ophiura irrorata (Lyman, 1878)
Unknown type, locality Norway, identified as Ophiactis nidarosiensis Mortensen, 1920
Unknown type, locality Simon's Bay, identified as Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879
Syntype SMNH Type-3287, locality Kattegat, identified as Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Biology

Sexually dimrophic species, epizoic on cake urchins Echinodiscus bisperforatus and E. auritus [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Clark & Courtman-Stock record the species as observed from South Africa, without further details. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: disc scales with scattered pointed spinelets; single thick oral papilla, no infradental papilla; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

South african Atlantic species [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Saipan (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Maldives, Andamans, Lesser Sunda Island and southern Japan in depths from about 400-2800 m. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also reported from Morocco and Ivory coast (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: also atlantic coast of S Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: occurs ao on the Atlantic Coast of South Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 [554]) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: South Africa, not known more precisely. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From the Philippines in Lyman (1874). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (Pacific and Atlantic Oceans), depth range 62-2963 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

benthic, continental shelf, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, South Africa, west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous, South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. Depth range 318-2300 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Also previously recorded in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal. General distribution: temperate, circumglobal ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, deposit feeder. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (west ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A.6445. Type locality: NW of Lion's Head, Cape Town, South ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa.Type locality: off East London, South Africa, 375m (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Red Sea, in Lyman (1865) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. Described by Müller & Troschel ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Museum fürNnaturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) 5429, paralectotype Museum ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, paralectotypes Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (7 specimens) ?Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Type locality: east of Sailus Besar, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (probable) Natural History Museum, London (england). Type locality: off the coast of Ireland (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes ?Zoologisches Museum, Göttingen (Germany) (3 specimens).Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes Natural History Museum, London (England) 1882.12.23.444. Type locality: japan (35°11'N 139°28'E) (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes undetermied. Type locality: Norway in Clark & Courtman-Stock (1976), but unknown in Rowe & Gates (1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Unknown (Britain) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Keraiophorus Michelin, 1862 (=Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Cryptopelta H.L. Clark, 1909 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cidaris cretosa Mantell, 1829 (=Cidaris sceptrifera Mantell, 1822) by subsequent designation in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiogymna elegans Ljungman, 1866 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha vipellis Lyman, 1883 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Tristan da Cunha, 200 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Types species: Spatangus pusillus Leske, 1778 (=Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777) by subsequent designation (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Tropriometra in Kalk (1958). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Lyman (1882) intended this to be a synonym of Ophioderma tonagan Lütken, 1872, but assigned his own name to it as ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

H. retecta preoccupied by Hayashi 1940 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

A forma of M. gacialis [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

In Lyman (1874): Ophiothrix longipeda is a synonym of Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman. But Ophiothrix propinqua is a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination and rank [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination for Henricia reticulata; H. reticulata is junior homonym of H. reticulata of Hayashi, 1940. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]


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