Ophiuroidea Logo

Ophiuroidea source details

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
6324
Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J.
1976
The echinoderms of southern Africa
Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
Publication
This is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
South Africa
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin

Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) incana Lyman, 1879 (additional source)
Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) linearis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) uncinata Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Asterias euryale Retzius, 1783 accepted as Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (source of synonymy)
Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Asteroschema capensis Mortensen, 1925 accepted as Asteromorpha capensis (Mortensen, 1925) (basis of record)
Asterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astroboa nigra Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Astrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (additional source)
Astrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Astrodendrum capensis (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Astrodendrum capense (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Astrophyton nudum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Astrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Cryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (additional source)
Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Ophiura (Dictenophiura) anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Gorgonocephalus pustulatum (H.L. Clark, 1916) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Macrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Ophiacantha durbanensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Ophiotreta durbanensis (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Ophiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Ophiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophiactis abyssicola (M. Sars, 1861) (additional source)
Ophiactis capensis Hertz, 1926 accepted as Ophiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Ophiactis modesta Brock, 1888 (basis of record)
Ophiactis nidarosiensis Mortensen, 1920 (additional source)
Ophiarachnella capensis (Bell, 1888) (additional source)
Ophiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927 (basis of record)
Ophiochiton australis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Ophiocirce inutilis Koehler, 1904 accepted as Ophioleuce seminudum Koehler, 1904 (additional source)
Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) (additional source)
Ophiocten amitinum Lyman, 1878 (additional source)
Ophiocten latens Koehler, 1906 accepted as Ophiocten hastatum Lyman, 1878 (additional source)
Ophiodaphne scripta (Koehler, 1904) (additional source)
Ophioderma leonis Döderlein, 1910 accepted as Ophioderma wahlbergii Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Ophioglypha costata Lyman, 1878 accepted as Ophiura (Ophiuroglypha) costata costata (Lyman, 1878) (basis of record)
Ophiogymna Ljungman, 1866 (basis of record)
Ophiogymna capensis (Lütken, 1869) (basis of record)
Ophiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905) (basis of record)
Ophiogymna pellicula (Duncan, 1887) (basis of record)
Ophiolepis dubia Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophionereis dubia dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Ophiomastix pusilla Brock, 1888 accepted as Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 (additional source)
Ophiomisidium pulchellum (Wyville Thomson, 1877) (additional source)
Ophiomitrella Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Ophiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophiomusium lymani Wyville-Thomson, 1873 accepted as Ophiomusa lymani (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Ophiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897 (basis of record)
Ophiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) (additional source)
Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophionereis dubia dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Ophiopeza aster Lyman, 1879 accepted as Cryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Ophioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophioscolex Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Ophioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878 represented as Ophiolycus dentatus (Lyman, 1878) (basis of record)
Ophioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 (basis of record)
Ophiothamnus remotus cordatus Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Ophiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 (source of synonymy)
Ophiothrix capensis Lütken, 1869 accepted as Ophiogymna capensis (Lütken, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Ophiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861 accepted as Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Ophiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Ophiotreta durbanensis (Mortensen, 1933) (additional source)
Ophiura (Ophiuroglypha) costata tumida Mortensen, 1933 (new combination reference)
Ophiura flagellata (Lyman, 1878) (additional source)
Ophiura irrorata (Lyman, 1878) represented as Ophiura (Ophiuroglypha) irrorata (Lyman, 1878) represented as Ophiura (Ophiuroglypha) irrorata irrorata (Lyman, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) accepted as Paracrocnida persica Mortensen, 1940 (new combination reference)
Pectinura capensis Bell, 1888 accepted as Ophiarachnella capensis (Bell, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Agulhas Bank for Ophiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927 
Agulhas Bank for Ophioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878 
Agulhas Bank for Ophiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878 
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897 
Cape Point for Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Asterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Ophiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Ophiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Ophioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933 
Durban for Ophiura costata tumida Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Ophiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933 
East London for Ophioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933 
East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Eastern Cape, Province of the for Ophiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Ophiura affinis simulans (Mortensen, 1936) 
Java Sea for Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 
Kepulauan Paternoster for Ophiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905) 
KwaZulu-Natal for Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 
Madagascar for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879 
Mauritius for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904) 
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927 
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Ophiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Ophiactis modesta Brock, 1888 
Mozambique for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Ophiocentrus dilatata (Koehler, 1905) 
Mozambique for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Mozambique for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Mozambique for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Mozambique for Ophiopallas paradoxa Koehler, 1904 
Mozambique for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Mozambique for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Mozambique for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Mozambique for Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) 
Red Sea for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Amphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus falcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus furcatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphipholis similis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
South Africa (country) for Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura (Amphiura) grandisquama natalensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura albella Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura simonsi A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 
South Africa (country) for Anamphiura valida H.L. Clark, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Astrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Astrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) 
South Africa (country) for Astrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879 
South Africa (country) for Astrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Cryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Gorgonocephalus pectinatus Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
South Africa (country) for Ophiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Ophiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Ophiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933 
Unknown type, locality Azores, identified as Ophiocten latens Koehler, 1906
Unknown type, locality Canary Islands, identified as Ophiomisidium pulchellum (Wyville Thomson, 1877)
Unknown type, locality Cape Agulhas, identified as Ophiura irrorata (Lyman, 1878)
Unknown type, locality Norway, identified as Ophiactis nidarosiensis Mortensen, 1920
Unknown type, locality Simon's Bay, identified as Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879
Syntype SMNH Type-3287, locality Kattegat, identified as Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842
 Biology

Sexually dimrophic species, epizoic on cake urchins Echinodiscus bisperforatus and E. auritus [details]

 Description

Clark & Courtman-Stock record the species as observed from South Africa, without further details. [details]

 Description

Description: disc scales with scattered pointed spinelets; single thick oral papilla, no infradental papilla; ... [details]

 Description

South african Atlantic species [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Saipan (Clark, 1954). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Maldives, Andamans, Lesser Sunda Island and southern Japan in depths from about 400-2800 m. ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also reported from Morocco and Ivory coast (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: also atlantic coast of S Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: occurs ao on the Atlantic Coast of South Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 [554]) [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: South Africa, not known more precisely. [details]

 Distribution

From the Philippines in Lyman (1874). [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (Pacific and Atlantic Oceans), depth range 62-2963 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Ecology

benthic, continental shelf, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, South Africa, west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous, South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. Depth range 318-2300 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Also previously recorded in ... [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal. General distribution: temperate, circumglobal ... [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, deposit feeder. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (west ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A.6445. Type locality: NW of Lion's Head, Cape Town, South ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa.Type locality: off East London, South Africa, 375m (Rowe & ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Red Sea, in Lyman (1865) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. Described by Müller & Troschel ... [details]

 Remark

Lectotype Museum fürNnaturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) 5429, paralectotype Museum ... [details]

 Remark

Lectotype Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, paralectotypes Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, ... [details]

 Remark

Original combination [details]

 Remark

Original combination [details]

 Remark

Syntypes (7 specimens) ?Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Type locality: east of Sailus Besar, ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes (probable) Natural History Museum, London (england). Type locality: off the coast of Ireland (Rowe & ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes ?Zoologisches Museum, Göttingen (Germany) (3 specimens).Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes Natural History Museum, London (England) 1882.12.23.444. Type locality: japan (35°11'N 139°28'E) (Rowe & ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes undetermied. Type locality: Norway in Clark & Courtman-Stock (1976), but unknown in Rowe & Gates (1995). [details]

 Remark

Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Unknown (Britain) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Keraiophorus Michelin, 1862 (=Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Cryptopelta H.L. Clark, 1909 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cidaris cretosa Mantell, 1829 (=Cidaris sceptrifera Mantell, 1822) by subsequent designation in ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Ophiogymna elegans Ljungman, 1866 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha vipellis Lyman, 1883 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Tristan da Cunha, 200 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Remark

Types species: Spatangus pusillus Leske, 1778 (=Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777) by subsequent designation (Rowe & ... [details]

 Spelling

Tropriometra in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Status

Lyman (1882) intended this to be a synonym of Ophioderma tonagan Lütken, 1872, but assigned his own name to it as ... [details]

 synonymy

H. retecta preoccupied by Hayashi 1940 [details]

 synonymy

A forma of M. gacialis [details]

 Synonymy

In Lyman (1874): Ophiothrix longipeda is a synonym of Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman. But Ophiothrix propinqua is a ... [details]

 Synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination and rank [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination for Henricia reticulata; H. reticulata is junior homonym of H. reticulata of Hayashi, 1940. [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original description [details]

 synonymy

Original description [details]

 Synonymy

Original description [details]

 Synonymy

Original description [details]

 Synonymy

Original description [details]

 synonymy

Original description [details]

 Synonymy

Original description [details]

 Synonymy

Original description [details]


Website and databases developed and hosted by Flanders Marine Institute · Page generated on 2018-05-21 00:32:20+02:00 · Contact: Sabine Stöhr