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NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
AuthorsClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
Year2003
TitleAntarctic marine benthic diversity
JournalOceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
Suffix41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(129)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia Verrill, 1899 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia affinis (Studer, 1885) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus affinis (Studer, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia destinata Koehler, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura joubini Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura gibbosa Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura inops (Koehler, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura relegata Koehler, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthus relegata (Koehler, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiura rowetti G.A. Smith, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus acutus Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus peregrinator (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) angularis Lyman, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura algida Koehler, 1911 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura belgicae Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura caparti Cherbonnier, 1962 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura deficiens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura dilatata Lyman, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura dilatata gaussi Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura eugeniae Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura joubini Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura lymani Studer, 1885 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) lymani Studer, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura microplax Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura microplax disjuncta Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura microplax var. disjuncta Mortensen, 1936 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura microplax disjuncta Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura monorima Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura proposita Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura protecta Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnophiura H.L. Clark, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnophiura banzarei Madsen, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrochlamys Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrochlamys bruneus Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrochlamys sol Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrohamma Döderlein, 1930 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrohamma tuberculatum (Koehler, 1923) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrotoma Lyman, 1875 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrotoma agassizii Lyman, 1875 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuvondrea Fell, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuvondrea floretta Fell, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlaciacantha Fell, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten Lütken, 1855 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlaciacantha doederleini (Hertz, 1927) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten doederleini Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlaciacantha dubium (Koehler, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten dubium Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgonocephalus chilensis (Philippi, 1858) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha antarctica (Lyman, 1879) sensu Mortensen, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha antarctica disjuncta Castillo-Alarcon, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha disjuncta (Koehler, 1911) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha antarctica Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha disjuncta (Koehler, 1911) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha antarctica Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha drygalskii Hertz, 1927 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocamax drygalskii Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha frigida Koehler, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha paramedea Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha pentactis Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha sollicita Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiacantha vivipara Ljungman, 1870 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis amator Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocamax drygalskii Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocamax gigas Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioceres Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioceres incipiens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten amitinum Lyman, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten banzarei Madsen, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten bisquamatum Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten dubium Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten megaloplax Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten ultimum Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiodaces Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiodaces inanis Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogona Studer, 1876 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogona doderleini (Köhler, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiogona doederleini (Koehler, 1901) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolebella Mortensen, 1936 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolebella biscutifera (G.A. Smith, 1923) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioleuce Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioleuce regulare (Koehler, 1901) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomages Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomages cristatus Koehler, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus Lyman, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus australis (Koehler, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopyrgus australis Koehler, 1901 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus bispinosus Mortensen, 1925 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus conveniens Koehler, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus ludwigi Koehler, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus molinae Castillo-Alárcon, 1968 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus primula Hertz, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastus serratus (Mortensen, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella falklandica Mortensen, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomitrella conferta (Koehler, 1922) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionotus Bell, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionotus hexactis (E. A. Smith, 1876) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionotus victoriae Bell, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioperla Koehler, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioperla koehleri (Bell, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthus Lyman, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthus brevirima (Mortensen, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplinthus brucei (Koehler, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplocus Lyman, 1862 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplocus incipiens (Koehler, 1922) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioceres incipiens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioscolex nutrix Mortensen, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolycus nutrix (Mortensen, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosparte Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosparte gigas Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira Bell, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira antarctica Bell, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira bullivanti Fell, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira debitor Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira echinulata Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira rotundata Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiosteira senouqui Koehler, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroglypha carinifera Koehler, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Ophiuroglypha) carinifera (Koehler, 1901) (basis of record)

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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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